Sirimavo Bandaranaike

Sirimavo advice cotton wool slide Bandaranaike (* 17. April 1916 in Balangoda; † 10. October 2000) was a singhalesische politician.

Bandaranaike had three times the office of the prime minister Ceylons and/or. Sri Lankas , in the years 1960-1965, 1970-1977 and 1994-2000, and was world-wide the first woman, who was ever selected into such an office. She was a chairman Sri Lanka Freedom party. Their married man was a former prime minister Solomon west Ridgeway slide Bandaranaike. Its daughter Chandrika Kumaratunga was from 1994 to 2005 president of the country.

political career/development

after the murder of their married man by a politically radical buddhistischen monk in September 1959 it came first to a phase of the political instability. Under interCIM Prime Minister Dahanayake fell apart the government coalition, so that for March 1960 new elections were proclaimed. The SLFP led by their man based and 1956 from it to the choice victory asked Sirimavo Bandaranaike for appearances in the election campaign. Although these caused a positive echo, the SLFP became an only second-strongest party behind the UNP (United national party), which educated a minority government under Senanayake. Since this remained however without support in the parliament, renewed new elections had to be already proclaimed for July.

From these elections to 20. July 1960 came out the SLFP with Sirimavo Bandaranaike as a leading candidate as clear Siegerin and these took over thereby as world-wide first a woman the office of the prime minister. Sirimavo Bandaranaike, which should the presidency of their party up to their end of life in the year 2000 maintained, continued the socialist policy of its man and put enterprises under state control in economic Schlüsselsektoren like the bank and insurance range. Due to the unstable economic and political situation of the country it still proclaimed the state of emergency in the same year . As consequence of its decision English as office language to abolish and generally by Sinhala, the language of the singhalesischen population majority, to replace came it to a campaign of the civilian disobedience by member of the tamilischen minority. Many Tamilen regarded the language laws as discriminating against and as attempt them from the entrance to the occupation in the government service and to the courts and offices to exclude. This „singhalesische chauvinistism “was one of the causes for the later union of several tamilischer parties to the Tamil United liberation front (TULF), which demanded the creation of its own tamilischen State of (Tamil Eelam) in the north and the east of the island.

Further problems arose for Bandaranaikes government than it foreign enterprises put under state control. Above all the USA and Great Britain reacted sharply and vehängten an embargo over foreign assistance for that at that time still to Ceylon country specified. In the consequence it advanced the policy of the country more near to China and the Soviet Union , Ceylon remained however a non-aligned state.

1963 could repel it a Militärputsch, lost however 1964 a confidence tuning and also the choice following on it. Already with the next elections in the year 1970 it recovered with large projection/lead the majority and as a prime minister was sworn in again.

During its second Amstperiode a new condition was changed decided with beside other one the name of the country by Ceylon on Sri Lanka. The connections to earlier colonial power Great Britain were nearly completely dissolved. Already 16 months after the choice its government would have been fallen almost by an armed rebellion of left-wing oriented groups. The small, particularly army of the country equipped for ceremonies of purposes the situation was not to be calmed down in a the position. Bandaranaike asked the governments of friendly non-aligned states to assistance. India and Pakistan sent together troops after Colombo to those it succeeded the rebellion to strike down.

The oil crisis 1973 met the economy Sri Lankas heavily. Western assistance was not to be expected because of the continuous embargo and the economic policy of the government hardly showed effect. Bandaranaike proved to criticism opposite as increasingly intolerant and arranged finally even the locking of independent media, which belonged to their sharpest critics. Already in former times it had put under state control the largest newspaper of the country („Lake House “), which served the government from now on as language pipe.

1976 were selected Bandaranaike to the chairman of the movement of the non-aligned states. During it was recognized internationally to a large extent and respected lost it however in its homeland appreciably at support in the population; in particular after it confronts itself with the reproach of the corruption saw and because the economy of the country slid into a ever deeper crisis. 1977 Sirimavo Bandaranaike with large distance lost the elections. 1980 were denied it because of office abuse for seven years the right for the practice of a public office.

While the following 14 years remained it in the opposition and resisted, although its party could not win choice to displace attempts off again and again it from the point of the party under it also its own children. It succeeded to its daughter Chandrika Kumaratunga in the year 2000 their nut/mother at over wings as it at the president Sri Lankas was finally selected. Sirimavo Bandaranaike at the same time began its third term of office as a Prime Minister minister. It remained in this office up to its death in the year 2000.

see also


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)