slalom is called repeated consequence in several kinds of sport the fast, of curves, which are fixed by a set of gates. The word comes from the Norwegian “slalåm”. It concerns a compound term out “sla” (steep hill slope) and “låm” (the trace one Ski).
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the slalom (designated in Austria also than “Torlauf”) is the oldest competition in the alpine Skisport and at the same time the slowest and technicalmost fastidious. It exhibits very short gate distances, which require fast direction changes.
running runner gets rules before running the possibility of visiting the course. The best line is discussed with passengers or the Coach. The match consists those of two runs,are added. In the second run, with which only the 30 fastest ones of the first run are certified, the running runners start in reverse order the time, i.e. the fastest runner of the first run starts in the second run as the latter, whereby the tension is increased.
The difference in heightSlalomrennen of the men in the Worldcup, in the Kontinentalcups, with world championships and with olympic plays amounts to at least 180 meters and at the most 220 meters, with the women of at least 140 and at the most 200 meters. The downward gradient of the slope amounts to in usually between 33 and 45%,less than 33% in addition, can be. In exceptional cases the downward gradient on very short sections up to 52% may amount to.
A course is specified by setting a set of gates. The gates are formed either by two red or two blue bars.The running runners must drive through between the two bars, whereby the ski point and the feet must pass the gate correctly. In a slalom the vertical distance between two gates with approximately 9 meters and the horizontal distance lie with approximately 2 meters. The gates become indifferent combinations put, in order to set to the running runner against a technical challenge. The world ski federation FIS specified a detailed set of rules, that the permitted and/or. prescribed combinations in official running describes.
Into the 1980er the Slalomstangen was rigid and inflexible. The running runners became larger curvesforced, in order to avoid collisions with the bars. Today however tilting bars are used, which bend themselves downward during contact. Thus it is possible for the running runners to drive in a direct drop line. They nearly always absorption thereby the bars with the hand, around those To have not to leave ideal line. In the modern slalom the running runners carry special protection equipment, consisting of Schienbeinschonern, Handschonern, helmets and Gesichtsschutz.
To the season 2003/04 the FIS increased the minimum length of the skis of 155 to 165 cm with the men and of 150 to 155cm with the women. This had become necessary, because it had often come to the gradual assumption of the Carvingtechnik by the drivers to uncontrolled falls.
A special form of the slalom is the Parallelslalom.
the first Slalomrennen found organized, of Mathias Zdarsky, to 19. March 1905 in close proximity to lily field at the Muckenkogel instead of. The rules of the modern Slalomlaufs were specified to 1922 by Sir Arnold Lunn for the British national championships, tested 1928 by the FIS and introduced before the olympic plays 1936 definitely. Sincethe use of the Carvingski the technology in the slalom changed fundamentally. If the Duchschnittsgeschwindigkeit lay in the 50's with scarcely 23 km/h, the athletes are today with 40 km/h on the way.
not only ) to road-certified cars drive engine haven in automobile slaloms on particularly lockedCourses, usually in industrial areas, on large parking lots, airfields or on traffic exercise areas. Here can do in accordance with regulation of DMSB and NAVC the everyone for approx. 40 euro participate, only one helmet are obligation.
With each meeting applies it to master different setting of tasks as fast and error free as possible.Individual gates, gate sequences, lanes, consequence of individual mark points, which drove through mutually too, can do (“Swiss slalom”) and half or whole idioms occur. Those effected on 1/100 second. exactly, upset suspension towers are punished gates omitted with three, with 15 punishing seconds. Thus errors are absoluteto avoid if one success to have wants. The start takes place standing with running engine. A special form of the slalom is the Bergslalom (similar to mountain running), here additionally to the natural distance process of the usually kurvigen road suspension tower is set up.