Over 1250 created the Franziskaner - Konventualen (Minoriten, Barfüsser) a monastery and built a simple hall church. Starting from 1331 the building became a zweischiffigen resounding church with two homogeneous choir conclusionsdeveloped. At the southeast corner of the church the chapel of the outstanding family bus man around 1400 (bus man chapel) developed. 1387 became Lorenz bus man member Dresdens of the advice and managed also in the years after 1400 the city Dresden as a mayor. The chapelserved the founder family as funeral chapel. After the reformation it stood empty, for 1610 again as lutherische church inaugurated on operation of the cure princess of Saxonia, Sophie of Brandenburg.
1718 to 1720 became an organ of Gottfried silver man into the churchinserted. Admits became it by Johann Sebastian brook, which played several marks on it, because it liked her very much. Repair work was accomplished 1773 , 1813 , 1816 and 1874/1875. With the latter renovation she got a newPlace at the west side of the church. In the 30's 20. Century the polygonal spires were replaced to filigranen by substantial from copper. This change could be locked 1934.
The church fell at the fright night 13. February 1945 that Air raid on Dresden to the victim. It burned out perfectly, whereby also the silver man organ, at which once Johann Sebastian brook played had, was destroyed. The Gewölbe could hold themselves, fell however due to decomposition and lack that for load-carrying capacity of the columns intoChurch ship 1946 . Remaining polygonal spire of the south tower was blown up 1950. Copper could not be re-used however no more.
With a conception of a Stadtmodels of Dresden walter Ulbricht, the party chief of the SED removed, the Sophienkirche personally with the words:“A socialist city does not need gothical churches”. Despite large protests of Dresdens monument conservators, architects and citizens the remainders of the church were torn off 1962 on resolution of the party and government of the GDR. The eve of the 1. The latter disappeared to May 1963Divide this oldest church into of Dresden city center -- up to a partial destroyed sandstone framework of a Kirchenfensters, which was stored up to the turn in the Katakomben under the Brühl terrace. This was found, as former town-gate and parts of the attachmentwere opened. Stout-heartet monument conservationists used this Katakomben, in order to protect art treasures against the attacks and the arbitrariness of the GDR government, there these the opinion were “a socialist metropolis at that time need neither baroque nor churches ".
On a part of the surface of the Sophienkirche(East front of the post office place) today an office building stands, why it cannot be rebuilt. In direct neighbourhood still is a empty-standing, former self-service restaurant, which is called in the vernacular “Fresswürfel”. With the outline yet one did not begin, although thatPost office place at present for 41 million euro is converted. A goal is it, the traffic conditions to 800. City anniversary of Dresden in this year to improve clearly.
Web on the left of
- pictures of the Sophienkirche
- of a great many pictures of the Sophienkirche (historical, before and after the destruction
- silver man organ of the Sophienkirche
- memorial place for the Dresdens Sophienkirche
coordinates: 51° 3 ′ 5 " n. Break,13° 44 ′ 4 " o. L.