|of these articles is concerned with the English city Southampton, other meanings under Southampton (term clarifying).|
|Town center OF Southampton|
|status|| Unitary Authority|
town center (1964)
|region||South East England|
|surface||49.84 km ²|
|population||221,200 (2004, approx.)|
Southampton is a port at the south coast of England, in the County Hampshire. It is because of the Southampton Water, to the flussmündung test and the Itchen, which flows into the English Channel. The city has 221,000 inhabitants. It is as Metropolregion with other places approximately around the Solent loosely to the South Coast metropolis united.
Table of contents
the city became around the year 70 n.Chr. under the name Clausentum of the Romans based. The settlement had a predominantly strategic meaning as port for at that time already important cities Salisbury and Winchester. Greater importance attained the city after the normannischen invasion 1066. The close convenient Winchester became the capital of England and Southamptonto the most important commercial port. With beginning of the British expansion in Asia and North America the port lost its outstanding position to cities such as Plymouth or Liverpool. In 17. Century became the city the popular Erholungsort, lost this position however fast at Brighton. [[Media: [[ ==PORK PIE' ==]]]]
the upswing came in the center 19. Century, when several shipyards settled in Southampton. Shipbuilding became the most important industry and the port expanded by the intensified trade on the North Atlantic. 1907 shifted the White star LINEtheir center after Southampton, 1919 followed Cunard. Up to 2. An airport and several factories developed for world war. Among other things the first Spitfire of airplanes in the suburb Woolston was developed and built. During the war the historical old part of town was completely destroyed. After the war those becameCity with modern buildings again developed and constantly extends. With the rising air traffic the number of the passengers sank by ship traveled and one concentrated on cruises and the goods traffic. For the 1990er years additionally the tourism increased strongly, also due to the proximityto the popular vacation area new Forest.
the port is traditionally the economical and cultural center of the city. Admits became it particularly as starting port of the Titanic 1912. Southampton is today the most important European starting point for cruises, with more than 200 Cruise ships per year. The ships of the shipping company Cunard, under it the second largest passenger liner of the world, the Queen Mary 2, are here resident. Since the 1970ern the port registers besides constant increases in the goods traffic and belongs to the most important ports of England. The new container terminal is the secondarymost important of England after Felixtowe. Special meaning attained the oil envelope. The oil companies BP and Esso built two oil refineries at the Southampton Water. The BP refinery in Fawley is the largest of Great Britain.
objects of interest
- museum OF Archaeology in the God's House Tower, a military tower outthat 15. Century with exhibits from the Roman past and city models of the Middle Ages
- Tudor House museum in a half timbered house of 1495. The museum areas are in style directions 16. - 19. Century furnished. The life of a family in viktorianischer time is placed behind.
- Medieval Merchants House,Merchants' house from the year 1290. The everyday life life of a wealthy buyer family in the late Middle Ages maritime
- museum, a navigation museum in a depot from that is represented to 14. Century
- town center kind Gallery, the urban gallery in Civic Centre with works of modern painters and English classical author how Gainsborough and Reynolds
- resound to OF aviation, a aviation museum with water airplanes, submarines, helicopters as well as a legendary Spitfire, those from the native technical designer R. J. Mitchell was sketched
- to Ocean many situation is a modern yachting port with restaurants
of sons and daughters of the city
- Mike batteries, English musician and composer
- Benny Hill, British Komödiant
- Horace Lambert Alexander Hood, British admiral
- John Jellicoe, British admiral
- all Jones, British artist of the Pop kind
- John Howard Jones, British musician
- John Everett Millais, British painter
- Alan R.Moon, English play author
- Ken Russell, director