Soviet revolution calendar

calendar sheet in the revolution calendar: the 12. December 1937/day of the elections to the highest Soviet of the USSR

the Soviet revolution calendar was from 1929 to 1940 in the Soviet Union used.

The Soviet Union had changed over to resolution of Lenin in the year 1918 from the Julian one to the Gregorian calendar, with a jump from the 1. February on the 13. February. This calendar had up to 30. September 1929 validity.

At the 1. October 1929 was introduced a new calendar, with had twelve months to 30 days each, in addition five pushed in holidays, which were not added to a month and also not when counted weekday. The days were:

Likewise the filter day week was replaced as anti-religious measure by a five-day week and Christian Sunday was abolished as a quiescent day. Instead all workers were divided in five groups (yellow, pink, red, violet, green), and each group received one of the new weekdays as a quiescent day. The efficiency of the industrial production should be increased by the removal of the regular interruption by non--working days.

The partitioning in groups made the new regulation unpopular despite the increase of the quiescent days, because it impaired the family and social life. The expected increase of production did not occur likewise.

With that 1. December 1931 was used again the western system of the monthly lengths. The weekday system was maintained, however a common quiescent day for all workers to 6. , 12. , 18. , 24. and 30. each monthly imported. The 31. Day of a monthly was considered not as weekday and changed between work and quiescent day.

1940 were finally introduced the traditional filter day week again, since the tradition of the Sundays could not be suppressed as a quiescent day in the population. Workers stayed away frequently both on the official quiescent day and on Sunday of the work.

see also

 

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