A social-democratic party of Germany
The social-democratic party of Germany (SPD) is one of the two German people's parties and the oldest party of Germany.
The party places momentarily eight Federal Ministers, under it as a Federal Minister for work and social Franz Müntefering, which is a vice-chancellor at the same time in the cabinet Merkel. Kommissari chairmen of the SPD Beck is short.
Table of contents
- 1 contentwise profile
- 2 internal structure
- 3 history of the SPD
- 3,1 1863 to 1914: Establishment, socialist laws
- 3,2 1914 to 1919: The First World War, November revolution, splitting the SPD
- 3,3 1919 to 1933: Weimar Republic
- 3,4 1933 to 1949: National socialism, the Second World War, post-war period
- 3,5 1949 to 1966: Opposition in the Bundestag
- 3,6 1966 to 1969: In the large coalition
- 3,7 1969 to 1982: Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt and Helmut Schmidt
- 3,8 1982 to 1998: Again in the opposition
- 3,9 1998 to 2005: Red-green and Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder
- 3,10 since 2005: SPD goes second large coalition
- to 4 governments with SPD participation
- 5 chairman of the party of the SPD
- of 6 prominent members
- 7 most important publications of the SPD
- 8 literature
- 9 sees also
- 10 Web on the left of
the current party program of the SPD, which became so-called „citizens of Berlin program “, in the year 1989 discharged. First the oldest German party was a pure labour party and changed itself with that 1959 discharged Godesberger program into a people's party.
The SPD member of the large coalition from CDU , CSU and SPD is momentary and carries the positions, which were negotiated in the coalition contract. Details in addition are represented in the article coalition contract.
The SPD designates social justice as one of its priority political conductance. The economy is to be strengthened, be distributed their yields thereby fair since this is regarded as necessary for the prosperity of the total population. Since the SPD judges a strong and social state for necessary also in the future, in order to be able to protect weaker subpopulations, it puts to value on a financial policy, which is not out-arranged at expense of future generations. In order to be able to achieve this goal, the SPD represents also reforms, which different population parts concern, like e.g. beside that hand-expensively also the agenda 2010.
Socio-politically the SPD for citizen rights , opening of the society and citizens' participation occurs. It feels the basic ideas of the liberty, to which justice and the solidarity commit.
With regard to foreign policy it aims at a world in peace and occurs for a recess of the European agreement.
internal the SPD has itself divided rather left Social Democrats, who organize themselves in the forum democratic left 21 and parliamentary linking, and rather right Social Democrats, who meet in the Seeheimer circle and/or the forum Nürnberger center, into. Last with the network Berlin besides a new generation united, which places itself against the traditionalistische wing formation. While the right Social Democrats carry the reform course introduced by Gerhard Schröder to a large extent unreservedly and generally at the political center orient themselves, the left Social Democrats fight for the left profile of the party, which lost 2010 and that in their eyes in the last years particularly by the agenda their view after quite economiceconomics course of the SPD at outline.
Zurzeit (conditions: At the end of November 2005) has the SPD of 591,076 members. Thus it is the member-strongest people's party in Germany, whereby CDU and CSU can exhibit collected more party members. SPD member can become everyone starting from 14 years, which professes itself to the goals of the party. That means that also Germans, which live durably abroad or foreigners, which live in Germany member to become to be able. 43% of the SPD members are older than 60 years, 8% are younger than 35. Scarcely three quarters of the members are male. About half are workers or employee, further 12% housewives or house men and further 11% are officials.
with the membership in certain organizations is the membership in the SPD in principle incompatible. That concerns on the one hand all other parties in Germany, on the other hand the following organizations:
a co-operation prohibition exists regarding the following organizations:
“an incompatability resolution related to the party as organization” exists concerning the Paneuropa union “in Europeanpolitical controlling bodies”.
around women and men within the SPD to set, 1988 a sex ratio were introduced, which ends in the year 2017. This ratio means that all offices and mandates must be occupied in each case to at least 40% by each sex. Since the men are predominant in the majority, mostly of a “woman ratio “one speaks.
The Jusos demanded a similar ratio, the so-called youth ratio. 10% of the mandates for the Bundestag should be occupied by Unter-35-Jährigen. This suggestion was rejected however by the Federal Party Congress.
voter and members of the SPD concentrate essentially on large cities, particularly however on Bremen and the Ruhr district. Outside of the big-city range East Frisia , North Hesse , nine-churches (Saar) is, the Nordpfälzer mountain country, Rhinehesse, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg and Nordost- Westphalia voter centers of the party.
working groups of the SPD (selection)
Highest decision-making body of the party is the Federal Party Congress. This sits down together from delegated one, those by the regional organizations to be determined as well as from the members of the party executive committee. With the choice of the delegated ones, as certainly at all other SPD committees, a ratio rule must be kept, those that both sexes with at least 40 per cent must be represented in a delegation.
The Party Congress selects among other things the party executive committee, which leads the business in the time between the Party Congresses.
The SPD is divided into districts, which correspond to the borders of the Lands of the Federal Republic as far as possible. Only in Hessen and Lower Saxony there are still the traditional districts on regional level - in these countries the regional organization is exclusively responsible for nationalpolitical questions.
Apply for the SPD close standing
organizations as SPDnear organizations the social-democratic community to local government policy (SGK), the child and youth federation SJD - the falcons (socialist youth of Germany), the nature friends, the workers' welfare institution (AWo), the worker Samariter federation (ASB) as well as the Friedrich Ebert donation (FES).
The WebSozis is an independent community from German-speaking members of the social-democratic parties SPD, SPS and SPÖ, which operate a forum for Web master of these parties. „A virtual local association “(VOV) offers SPD activities in the Internet.
The SPD is a member party of the social-democratic party of Europe (SPE) and the socialist international one (SI).
over the medium getting thing German pressure and publishing house company (dd_vg) the SPD many medium participation maintains and publishes their steeped in tradition member newspaper “forward “and is in different regional publishing house houses, whose newspapers have a scarcely two percent market share, mostly with a minority portion involved. In addition dd_vg since May 2004 the 90-prozentigen portion of “Frankfurter Rundschau “holds. The assumption was disputed, since critics were afraid an influencing control on the reporting.
History of the SPD
1863 to 1914: Establishment, socialist laws
the SPD does not have an accurate Gründungsdatum. It appoints itself to the establishment of the general German worker association (ADAV) by Ferdinand let-letting let-leaving, to 23. May 1863 in Leipzig took place. Often the year 1875 is called as the actual constitution date, as at the end of the combination Party Congress of 22.- 27. May in Gotha of the ADAV with of August the Bebel and William dear farmhand 1869 in iron oh created social-democratic labour party (SDAP) for the socialist labour party of Germany (SAP) united. After the Ausserkrafttreten of the socialist law in the autumn 1890 the party changed for its names into a “social-democratic party of Germany “.
The early SPD was close to the trade unions and was ideological like most socialist and social-democratic parties of Europe in 19. Century at the revolutionary marxism aligned. End 19. /Anfang 20. Century set Eduard amber his revisionism theory still by the majority in a revolutionary manner gesinnten to camps against of the SPD. The revisionism theory became generally accepted until at the latest after the First World War in the party. Essentially contain this theory the socialist transformation desired of the society by reforms after a democratically legitimized government assumption by elections.
The historical arguments around the Social Democrats (pursuit, Repressionen particularly under the realm chancellor shank Otto von Bismarcks - see socialist law) led to the fact that the party structure of the SPD attained itself most intensively developed and high efficiency.
A high political Potenzial was inherent in to the enormous subpopulation of the workers by its critical social situation. It made the SPD soon the member-strongest party in Germany.
The SPD won - among other things because of its trade union proximity - despite pursuit and suppression during the Bismarck era ever more at influence with the workers and therefore also in Reichstag. In the year 1890 the party already came on 27,2 per cent of the voices, and 1912 were it with 34,8 per cent the strongest parliamentary group in Reichstag. After death Bebels 1913, which as integration figure and mediator between the revolutionary and the reformistic wing of the SPD was considered, took over the clearly moderated Friedrich Ebert the guidance of the party, which he divided with Hugo Haase.
1914 to 1919: The First World War, November revolution, splitting the SPD
election poster around 1920
as the First World War broke off, agreed the SPD Reichstag parliamentary group of the grant of war credits . Only Karl dear farmhand (son William of dear farmhand) and Otto Rühle, which for the SPD also in Reichstag sat, tuned 1915 against the credits. After an anti-war demonstration dear farmhand 1916 was arrested and condemned to penintentiary, from which he became to dismiss only directly before end of war again. Many members of the SPD agreed increasingly with the war-approving of attitude of its party, the politicspolitics politics in such a way specified, in the process of the war and did not create the USPD (independent SPD).
The left-revolutionary Spartakusbund, which had been created 1916 under leadership of Karl dear farmhand and pink Luxembourg after the exclusion of dear farmhand and other from the SPD than „group international one “and against the war had agitated, followed likewise the USPD and formed of them links wings.
To the USPD moved away not only the left „anti-revisionists “around pink Luxembourg, as well as Karl Kautsky, the publisher of many years of the magazine „the recent time “, but also prominent theoreticians of the reform wing like the father of the revisionism, Eduard amber. Instead of Kautsky and amber the former left anti-revisionists of the Lensch Cunow Haenisch group, which Alexander Parvus were close to the GermanRussian journalist , affected the theoretical debates in remain-ends MSPD starting from 1915. Their goal was to use the hoped for German victory in the First World War for the penetration of the socialist social order in Europe and for the release of the Eastern European peoples from the yoke of the Zarismus. Heinrich Cunow, Völkerkundler and lecturer at the party school of the SPD, replaced 1917 Kautsky as a publisher „of the recent time “, and should late co-author of the Görlitzer and Heidelberger of program of the SPD be. Konrad Haenisch was after 1918 Prussian Secretary of cultural affairs and a late head of the provincial government in Wiesbaden and one the founder realm banners black-red-golden. Starting from 1917 the influence of this group shrank, when most Social Democrats it became conscious that the war would lead into a defeat.
To the end of the war, when the military guidance of the empire had already granted the German defeat, it came 1918 following the Meuterei of the sailors into Wilhelmshaven and Kiel to the November revolution, in whose consequence of the emperors resigned and fled to Holland. The MSPD under Friedrich Ebert, to who in the course of the revolutionary events the government of prince Max von Baden had been transferred, gave way to more the pressure of the events, she would have been prepared for a government assumption. Considerations of Ebert to do without an abolishment of the monarchy first in order to prevent a civil war, proved as illusory.
The Spartakusbund and parts of the USPD defended the formation of a soviet republic, as she had been interspersed one year before in Russia. But of the active revolutionary soldier and worker advice carrying the revolution only one minority had the model of the Russian October Revolution in the eye. They aimed at by the majority above all an end of the war and the deprivation of power of the military rule. With this goal they placed first behind the SPD leaders, which they trusted, and demanded themselves the reunification of the majority SPD with the independent SPD. The SPD leaders offered thereupon the USPD the education of an advice of the people-assigned as new government on. This in equal numbers with MSPD and USPD members occupied revolutionary government under the guidance of Ebert and Haase understood itself as interim solution for the revolutionary paging phase and committed themselves to out imminent general elections a coming out national assembly as condition-giving organ.
Already at the end of of 1918 failed the coalition between majority and minority social-democracy because of the controversy over the employment of military against revolting sailors. Now alone the government MSPD placing felt the arbitrary procedure of individual advice as betrayal of the democratic principles of the workers' movement. Attempts, a democratic people resistance to construct or give, failed to majority-social-democratic federationfederation federations a chance. When during the Spartakusaufstandes in January 1919 the people assigning government was attacked, the decision fell to trust the military of the old officers and the new free corps leaders.
With bloody striking down of the Spartakusaufstandes and the resident of Munich soviet republic through the majority Social Democrats succeeded right-nationalistic free corps to center 1919, recruited by Gustav Noske. The later first realm military Minister of the Weimar Republic Gustav Noske received the surname „blood dog “, which he gave himself in the reason, than it during the requirement to strike down the revolution said: „One must deliver the blood dog “. Under its political responsibility numerous murders, which of the free corps at many well-known and unknown also alleged revolutionary were committed, stood under it also the murder at pink Luxembourg and Karl dear farmhand to 15. January 1919, implemented of free corps soldiers under guidance of Waldemar Pabst.
The role of Ebert, Noskes and Scheidemanns during the months of the November revolution and its striking down led into the present to the historical reproach more differently parliamentary and above all also except-parliamentary more actively „left“Groups and parties to the SPD the revolution and thus to a large part straight also their own trailers to have betrayed. From the Spartakusbund and further left-revolutionary groupings became up to the 1. January 1919 the communist party of Germany (KPD) based. Thus it had come to the final separation between the revolutionary and reformistic wing of the social-democracy.
1919 to 1933: Weimar Republic
in the recent Weimar Republic placed the SPD from 1919 to 1925 with Friedrich Ebert to the realm president and was represented until 1920 in all realm governments. Afterwards - in particular after the link jerk due to the reunification with the remainder USPD 1922 - the SPD took part only in few realm governments, last 1928 to 1930 at the large coalition under Hermann Mueller, while it placed the Prime Minister in Prussia with Otto brown from 1920 to 1932 nearly continuous.
The SPD tried to protect their influence on the realm politics as “constructional opposition “, since it was afraid of losing by frequent government participation still more disappointed worker voters to the KPD. Above all the unionized organized skilled workers represented their social basis during the Weimar Republic.
during the ascent of the NSDAP could hold the SPD their voter trunk, for the voice gains of the national socialists, who came to a property part also from the non and young voter reservoir, had it to oppose however little. Due to their organizational incrustation, to which impossibility of a co-operation with the KPD, of which the SPD was called „socialfascistically “, and - with exception of the center - the Marginalisierung of the civil parties did not find it for the resistance against the up-pulling national socialism allies.
The tolerating politics of the SPD Reichstag parliamentary group in relation to the government Brüning 1930 to 1932 led particularly with parts of the party youth and with the left party wing increasing criticism at a party and parliamentary group guidance and flowed 1931 in the splitting off of a part of the party-left, of which as socialist labour party Germany (SAP) was formed.
By „the Prussia impact of “their last bastion robbed, their negative votes could represent to symbolic resistance and, protect the honour of the democratic parties, after which all other civil parties this law agreed with the tuning over the enabling act.
After the mechanisms of the party were already seized and a large part of the party executive committee was emigriert, tuned to 17. May 1933 a group of trunks of the SPD Reichstag parliamentary group under the impression of murder threats for the explanation with regard to foreign policy of Hitler. To 21. June was issued to the SPD an operating prohibition, to 14. July was forbidden the party.
1933 to 1949: National socialism, the Second World War, post-war period
also the Social Democrats were pursued during the time of the national socialism. Many members, that could flee themselves not in the exile or wanted, died in concentration camps and penintentiaries.
A minority of the members of the SPD offered, partly than members of an illegaly far led party or realm banner structures, partly in critically groups distinguishing from the party executive committee such as new beginnings, to the revolutionary socialist of Germany, the socialist front or the red combat patrol resistance against the LV regime. Individual well-known SPD members such as Julius liver, Adolf realm wine or William Leuschner were at planning, those to the rebellion attempt to 20. July 1944 stated, involved or the belonged Kreisauer circle . The bulk of the party members remained resistant in relation to the National Socialist ideology and retained a co-operation among themselves, was however not involved not in direct resistance activities.
The exile organization SoPaDe was created in Prague and shifted its seat later to Paris, after it to London.
After the war the reconstruction of the party began with the establishment of a central committee to 15. June 1945 in that Berlin and local initiatives in all regions. Chairman of the central committee was Otto Grotewohl, other prominent representatives was Gustav Dahrendorf, Erich W. Gniffke and max of Fechner. Schumacher worked briefly from Hanover against the acknowledgment of the central committee in Berlin as national tie point and aimed at exclusively to the west zones limited a SPD; Contacts with Social Democrats in the SBZ did not have its office. To the Wennigser conference in Wennigsen of 5. to 8. October 1945 interspersed Schumacher that the central committee should have been responsible for the Soviet zone of occupation only, and it was used as „representative for the west zones “. After a conversation between Schumacher on the one hand and Otto burners and Willi Eichler on the other hand, followed in the west zones further most members of the labour party (SAP) and international socialist combat federation (ISK ) of the SPD (again), socialist of these represented groups.
The KPD, whose new guidance returned home from Moscow had proceeded sharply first against the spontaneous initiatives for the education of a uniform labour party, changed its attitude toward end of 1945 and pushed the SPD to a combination of the two parties, which was encouraged by Repressalien on the part of Soviet crew power. The KPD wanted power in East Germany, and the SPD had the necessary basis from 600.000 members to it. Otto Grotewohls effort around a Germany-far Party Congress of the SPD, which over this unjustified demand of a combination should advise and decide, was rejected decided by Schumacher. The reestablishment of the party in the national framework is only possible after an all-German government was educated, like that Schumacher. Instead it requested the central committee to dissolve the SPD in the Soviet zone of occupation to educate and a separate SPD in the west sectors from Berlin to. First reached it not, latter organized it then together with some circle chairmen from the west sectors.
To 21. April 1946 came it to an obligation combination between SPD and KPD to the SED (a socialist unit party of Germany) into the SBZ. This happened on a so-called „combination Party Congress “, on which some delegated the SPD from the SBZ and delegated the KPD Germany under control of the Soviets stood out completely. Numerous East German Social Democrat, who did not want to bend itself the pressure, fled into the west zones. In accordance with the arrangements of the westallied the SED in the west zones was not allowed to begin it under this name, further the name KPD was used. In the course of the transformation of the SED into one „a party of new type “, at which „the conferences of party “intended in the statute of the SED played a crucial role, in the SED Social Democrat remained ever into the background were continued to push. Many fell from Josef the W. Stalin arranged cleanings to the victim.
Of 9. to 11. May 1946, met on invitation briefly Schumachers in Hanover a Party Congress of the SPD, which as reaction to the establishment of the SED one created a limited party under the old name SPD on the west zones.
1949 to 1966: Opposition in the Bundestag
with the first elections to the Bundestag 1949 in the West German Federal Republic of Germany was the SPD under guidance briefly to Schumachers only scarcely behind the CDU/CSU under the guidance Konrad Adenauer, went however as consequence from this result into the opposition.
In West Germany the SPD of the social free-market economy sketched by the Federal Government faced first extremely critically and demanded the nationalization of all basic industries. Contrary to the Adenauers' politics of the west connection the SPD placed the goal of the reunification over a too close support at the USA and Western Europe. SPD conceptions to the German politics from this time hold a political neutrality of Germany for possible and express themselves strictly against a rearmament of the country.
After election results with the elections to the Bundestag, disappointing for the Social Democrats, 1953 and 1957, with which Erich Ollenhauer both marks as a candidate for the chancellorship was subject to Federal Chancellor Adenauer, suggested themselves a politics policy. The SPD accepted and endorsed finally the west connection. The Godesberger program of 1959 marked also by program that practically long carried out change from a Marxist labour party to the people's party.
This opening affected with the elections to the Bundestag 1961 and 1965 positively the results; a further reason was that with of Berlin governing mayor Willy Brandt a new candidate for the chancellorship was set up.
1966 to 1969: In the large coalition
in the context of the large coalition of 1966-1969 the SPD placed it in the post-war period of cabinet members, for the first time was under Federal Chancellor Kiesinger junior partner with Willy Brandt as a minister of foreign affairs. Also due to a missing and/or only the extremely weak FDP - opposition in the Bundestag, developed those increasingly socialist in a revolutionary manner gesinnte except-parliamentary opposition of the student movement (also 68er-Bewegung and APO called), which was carried organizational particularly by the socialist German student federation (SDS). Particularly in the years 1967 and 1968 it came in the course of the student protests among other things against the planned emergency legislation to solid demonstrations and partly also militant riots against the government of the large coalition.
1969 to 1982: Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt and Helmut Schmidt
Willy Brandt (left in the picture)
due to the result of the election to the Bundestag 1969 was the SPD for the first time so far that it could place the Federal Chancellor. Willy Brandt formed under the slogan „more democracy dares “ a social liberal coalition with the FDP and thereupon selected to the Federal Chancellor.
Under Willy Brandt and, after its resignation 1974 in consequence of the Guillaume affair, under Helmut Schmidt followed in the context of the east contracts a policy of detente with the states Warsaw Pact as well as an extensive reform program in the right politics, the education politics and the family policy.
The attempt of the opposition to fall Willy Brandt 1972 by a constructional vote of no confidence failed. With the new elections following on it the SPD achieved the largest success of its history and became for the first time strongest Bundestag faction.
due to the Guillaume - affair, in which the close Brandt coworkers Günther Guillaume was unmasked as a GDR feeler gauge in the chancellorship, withdrew Willy Brandt 1974 as a chancellor in favor of Helmut Schmidts, remained however party chairman.
Schmidt became generally accepted with the elections to the Bundestag 1976 against Helmut Kohl and 1980 against Franz Josef bunch .
Due to an economic crisis in the Federal Republic of, rising numbers of unemployed and because Helmut Schmidt its own parliamentary group could bring the FDP however 1982 the coalition no longer closed behind itself (for example with the NATO double resolution ) , quit.
1982 to 1998: Again in the opposition
with the help of a constructional vote of no confidence selected large parts of the FDP as well as the CDU/CSU Helmut Kohl to the new Federal Chancellor.
The SPD spent the following years in internal Zerstrittenheit and the attempt to adapt contentwise to the recent time.
With the elections to the Bundestag 1983 and 1987 was subject their candidates for the chancellorship to Hans yokes bird and Johannes Rau against Helmut Kohl.
To 7. October 1989 was created in tail with Berlin a social-democratic party of the GDR (SDP ), those at the combination Party Congress to 26. /27. September 1990, thus still before the combination of the two German states, in which SPD came up. So the SPD could be established more easily in the east. To the initial members of the SDP Angelika Barbe, Martin property time, Markus Meckel, Stephan Hilsberg and Ibrahim Böhme belonged. With the people chamber elections to 18. March 1990 received it against the prognoses however only 21.7 per cent of the voices.
Due to its non-uniform line regarding the German unit the SPD with their leading candidate was subject to Oskar Lafontaine clearly with the election to the Bundestag 1990. In particular Lafontaines sceptical economic prognoses and estimates to the necessity for tax increases did not meet with an approval with the voter, although selbige should prove after the choice as correct.
Also 1994 did not create it candidate for the chancellorship Rudolf Scharping despite clear voice gains, Helmut Kohl to replace.
1998 to 2005: Red-green and Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder
Gerhard Schröder with an election campaign speech to the election to the Bundestag 2005
SPD poster to the election to the Bundestag 2005
only with the election to the Bundestag 1998 succeeded to the SPD with the Prime Minister at that time Niedersachsens, Gerhard Schröder, as a candidate for the chancellorship the return at the government, this time in Red-Greens a coalition with alliance 90/Die the Green.
With the election to the Bundestag 2002 Federal Chancellor Schröder could succeed against Prime Minister Edmund Stoiber (CSU). The coalition won the SPD with only 1.2 per cent points projection/lead opposite the union and the FDP, places due to of excessive mandates scarcely the strongest Bundestag faction.
After lost elections of the federal parliament the SPD received with the European choice to 13. June 2004 with 21,5 per cent the lowest result in a country wide choice since existence of the Federal Republic of Germany. Master voters felt bounced by the policy of the “agenda 2010 “and stayed away from the choice, since the Federal Government had so far not succeeded to obtain their appropriate measures in such a way that they were accepted positively or also only as necessary. Many different notice the course of the SPD, which not only in other parties, but also in the member shank encountered the SPD criticism, as if zerstritten. The member decrease continuing since beginning of the 1980er accelerated itself.
To 25. May 2005, immediately after the election of the federal parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia (North-Rhine/Westphalia), lost by the SPD, withdrew the former chairman of the party Oskar Lafontaine because of the government politics which can be agreed upon after its view with the principles of the social-democracy not (agenda 2010, Hartz IV) from the SPD and did not become few weeks late members of the WASG, after this had been received a leftist coalition with the Party of Democratic Socialism for the election to the Bundestag in the autumn 2005. The WASG (choice alternative work and social justice) for their part, a splitting off of the SPD, had already assembled several months before as an own party.
A premature election to the Bundestag had been announced by the Federal Chancellor and the SPD party leaderses after the defeat with the election of the federal parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia. The goals of the SPD for the elections to 18. Septembers 2005 were: Continuation of the reforms with consideration of social aspects.
Since 2005: SPD goes second large coalition
after the SPD became approximately as strong with the caused election to the Bundestag as the Union parties and the union as well as the FDP could not form a coalition, CDU, CSU and SPD to long exploratory discussions on a large coalition under a Kanzlerin Angela Merkel agreed.
Before also different Koalitonen was in the discussion. Thus a traffic light coalition made of SPD, the Green and FDP as well as the so-called Jamaica coalition between CDU, FDP and the Greens were discussed. Red Red-Green a coalition made of SPD, left wing party and alliance 90/Die the Green was excluded from all parties.
After the successful signing of the coalition contract of the Kanzlerin Angela Merkel of eight Ministers of the SPD selected by 397 delegates of the German federal daily were suggested, who go into the large coalition, among them to Franz Müntefering as employment ministers and vice-chancellors. After the appointment by Federal President Horst charcoal burners educate the 8 Federal Ministers of the SPD now with the 7 to other Federal Ministers of the union and the Bundeskanzlerin Merkel the cabinet Merkel.
The brandenburgische Prime Minister Matthias place-hit a corner, who had taken over the party presidency of Franz Müntefering after an party-internal controversy over the choice of the Secretary-General, stepped to 10. April 2006 after 5 months for health reasons as a chairman of the SPD back. Its kommissarischer successor is short the past deputy chairman, the Rhineland-Palatinian Prime Minister Beck.
In each case the SPD
at present the vice-chancellor and in the Lands of the Federal Republic, in those it places governments with SPD participation the strongest government party is (Berlin , Brandenburg , Bremen , Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , Rhineland-Palatinate) the head of the government. Beyond that it is involved in Schleswig-Holstein and Saxonia, where the SPD of the junior partners of the CDU is, in large coalitions. The party is represented in all German land parliaments in parliamentary group strength.
Chairman of the party of the SPD
European Union commissioner
further one prominent Social Democrats of the present
- briefly Beck, Prime Minister von Rheinland-Pfalz (since 1994) and Kommissari SPD chairman (since 2006)
- Björn Böhning, Juso -Federal leader (since 2004)
- Andreas's von Bülow, Bundesminister a.D. (1980-1982)
- Herta Däubler Gmelin, Federal Ministries a.D. (1998-2002)
- Klaus von Dohnanyi, Bundesminister a.D. (1972-1974), first mayor of the free ones and Hanseatic city Hamburg (1981-1988)
- refuge Ehmke, Federal Minister a.D. (1969-1974)
- Björn close cross-beam, Federal Minister a.D. (1981-1982), Prime Minister a.D. (1988-1993), ehem. Party chairman (1991-1993)
- Erhard Eppler, Bundesminister a.D. (1968-1974)
- Jutta Limbach, ehem. President of the Federal Constitutional Court 1994-2002
- Andrea Nahles, ehem. Juso - Federal leaders (1995-1999), member in the SPD presidency (since 2003)
- Matthias place-hit a corner, Prime Minister of Brandenburg (since 2002), former SPD chairman (2005-2006)
- Annemarie Renger, parliamentary speaker a.D. (1972-1976)
- Harald Ringstorff, Prime Minister of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (since 1998)
- Gerhard Schröder, Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany 1998-2005
- Henning Scherf, mayor of of the free one Hanseatic city Bremen (1995 - 2005)
- Helmut Schmidt, Bundeskanzler of the Federal Republic of Germany (1974-1982)
- heath Simonis, Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein (1993 - 2005)
- Wolfgang Thierse, President of the Bundestag (1998 - 2005)
- Kajo Wasserhövel
- Klaus Wowereit, governing mayor of Berlin (since 2001)
further one prominent Social Democrats of the past
- walter Arendt, Federal Minister a.D. (1969-1976)
- Gustav farmer, realm chancellor (1919/20)
- August Bebel, joint founder and chairmen of many years of the SPD
- Eduard amber, important theoretician of the party, developed the revisionism as theoretical basis of the change of the SPD of the revolutionary to the today's state-basic reformistic party
- Willy Brandt, Bundeskanzler von West Germany (1969-1974)
- max of Brauer, mayor Altona (1924-1933), first mayor Hamburgs (1946-1953 and 1957-1960))
- Friedrich Ebert, Reichspräsident (1919-1925)
- Willi Eichler, member of the board 1946-1968, MdB (1949-1953), chairmen of the commission for the preparation of the Godesberger of program, publisher magazine spirit and act
- Josef of fields, last living SPD Reichstag delegates († 2000)
- Peter Glotz, MdB (1972-1977 and 1983-1996), Federal business managers (1981-1987)
- Otto Grotewohl, MdR (1925-33), starting from 1946 member of the SED
- Regine Hildebrandt, minister in the GDR - government (1990) and federal state government Brandenburg (1990-1999)
- William Hoegner, Bavarian Prime Minister (1945-1946, 1954-1957)
- William Kaisen, mayor of the free Hanseatic city Bremen (1945-1965)
- Karl Kautsky, important theoretician of the party, publisher of the magazine “The recent time “
- Heinz bold, Prime Minister von Nordrhein-Westfalen (1966-1978)
- Lauritz Lauritzen, Federal Minister (1966-1974)
- George “Schorsch” liver, trade union leader6, Federal Minister (1966-1978), Bundestag vice-president (1979-1983)
- Julius liver, MdR (1924-1933), resistance fighter
- William Leuschner, resistance fighter
- Karl dear farmhand, MdR (1912-1916), joint founders of the KPD (1919)
- William dear farmhand, joint founder of the social-democratic labour party (1869)
- Paul Löbe, Reichstagspräsident (1920-1924, 1925-1932)
- Carlo Mierendorff, MdR (1930-1933), resistance fighter
- Gustav Noske, realm military Minister (1919/20)
- pink Luxembourg, Theoretikerin, Mitbegründerin of the KPD (1919)
- Hermann Mueller, realm chancellor (1920, 1928-1930)
- Paul Ne Dr. Karl Schiller
- , Federal Minister (1966-1972)
Marie Schlei, Federal Ministries (1976-1978)
Carlo forge, parliamentary advice (1948/49), MdB (1949-1972) and Federal Minister (1966-1969), belonged to the “fathers” of the Basic Law as well as the Godesberger of program
Louise Schroeder, citizen of Berlin Oberbürgermeisterin (1947/48)
- , Federal Ministries (1966-1972)
- , MdR (1912-1933)
Hans Jürgen wiping new ski, Federal Minister a.D. (1966-1968), ehem. Federal business manager (1968-1972)
- George August tin,
- hessian Prime Minister (1951-1969)
prominent members outside of the policy
- Ingo Appelt, Komiker
- Drafi of Germans
- , singers
- Jürgen Domian, moderator
- Günter Grass, writer
- Jörg Immendorff, artist
- Roland emperor, hit singer
- Johannes B. Kerner, moderator
- Günther cook, radio reporter
- Leonard Lansink, actor
- Gerhard Olschewski, actors
- Markus Maria Profitlich; Komiker
- Klaus Toppmöller, football coach
- Lea Rosh, television lady journalist and Publizistin.
- Peter Rühmkorf, Schriftsteller
- Michael summer, DGB
- - boss
- , poster artist
- , chairman of the DPWV
- Johano Strasser, writer
- Wolfgang Völz, actor
Wolf von Lojewski
- , Moderator
- , actor
most important publications of the SPD
- , 1876 of William dear farmhand and others based, first daily paper, late week magazine, appearing today monthly member newspaper of the party
the recent time, 1883-1923, of
- Karl Kautsky justified theory magazine of the party, in the time of its appearance scene of the most important theoretical debates of socialism
- and marxism (
), by which paramount meaning of the SPD in the international workers' movement at that time world-wide strongly considered and much became
literature archives of the SPD 1969 into
Heinrich Potthoff, Susanne Miller
small history of the SPD 1848-2002
homepage of the SPD
- politikerscreen.de: SPD
virtual local association of the SPD
- history of the social-democracy
- left to the historical party programs of the SPD and its predecessor parties between 1869 and 1925
- official party Site to the Willy Brandt house
- parties in the German Bundestag
- / CSU |
Left Party of Democratic Socialism
chairman of the SPD - Bundestag faction
briefly Schumacher (1949 - 1952) |
(1952 - 1963) |
(1964 - 1967) |
(1967 - 1969) |
Friedrich Ebert |
(Great Britain) |