salivary glands (lat. Glandulae oris) are exokrine glands, which form the saliva (Saliva) and so that to the Abschlucken of the bite ensure the gliding ability. With some mammals the saliva already contains enzymes (Amylase), whereby salivary glands already contribute to digesting.
With that Mammals are there three large salivary glands:
- the ear salivary gland (Glandula parotidea or Parotis), which is purely serous,
- the Unterzungenspeicheldrüse (Glandula sublingualis) with humans mixed muko serously with predominant portion end pieces mukösen on, with domestic animals rather serous is.
- and the lower jaw salivary gland (Glandula submandibularis, with animals as Glandula mandibularis designation) with humans mixed sero mukös with predominant portion of serous end pieces, with domestic animals predominant mukös is.
Beyond that there are numerous further small salivary glands in the wall of the oral cavity, which are designated according to their situation:
- Lip glands (Glandulae of labiales)
- cheek glands (Glandulae of buccales)
- tongue glands (Glandulae of linguales)
- meal tooth glands (Glandulae molecular)
- palate glands (Glandulae palatinae)
- taste glands (Glandulae gustatoriae): Rinsing glands of the taste buds
diseases of the salivary glands
an inflammation of the salivary glands becomes as Sialadenitis designates. The salivary gland concerned swells thereby painfully on. With tears of the remark courses of salivary glands saliva flows into the surrounding fabric and it can Speichelzysten develop. In addition it can come in the remark courses to the formation of saliva stones (Sialolithen) (see also: Ear salivary gland illness).
With the larger mouth salivary glands diseased changes can - e.g. a Sialadenitis caused by saliva stones - by means of ultrasonic or a course representation of the gland with a Roentgen contrast means to be clarified.
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