a food car is a railway carriage, which contains a restaurant mechanism and a kitchen. Beside full food cars there are half food cars, which in addition normal seats contain.
Table of contents
that world-wide first food cars1868 on that were furnished to Chicago & Dalton Railroad. The first European food car drove at the 1. November 1879 on the Great Northern Railway between London and Leeds.
the first German food car drove at the 1. July 1880 between Berlin and Bebra. The Prussian state railway set 15 since that. May 1879 an express train between Berlin and Bebra, which reached Erfurt on the newly built distance over Güsten and singer living Bebra 15 minutes faster than the express train of the Thüringer railway company over resound and. To reconciliation wantedthe Thüringer railway company to their customer with the first German food car a special service offer.
Since first only one food car was available, this had to be coupled in Bebra suspended and with the countermove to Berlin. This food car became until 1884 of the international sleeping car company (CIWL) operated. After the nationalization of the Thüringer railway company the contract with the IESG was quit and the food car enterprise to 15. October 1885 the Hallenser station landlord Gustav grooving man transfer.
Only after the introduction of express trains, with which the passengers change while driving the carcould, the use of food cars was worthwhile itself. As at the 1. May 1892 the first express train from Berlin to Cologne drove, was allowed Gustav grooving man also the food car of this course to operate. In the consequence further private operators took up the Bewirtschaftund of food cars of the Prussian state railway. ThoseFood cars in Mecklenburg, in South Germany (, Bavaria and Württemberg bathe) and Austria Hungary were operated until 1917 by the international sleeping car company (CIWL).
in the year 1917 transferred the again-created Mitropa the food cars of the past private societies DESG,IESG, Kromrey, ISD, grooving man and Scheidling as well as in the course of the 1. World war expropriated CIWL cars.
Into consequence of the Versailler of contract the CIWL had to be used again into its old rights. The Mitropa managed therefore during the Weimar Republic only food cars of the German National Railroad in the Binnenverkehras well as in connection with Scandinavia.
After that 2. World war was split up the Mitropa, the East German part maintained due to the company headquarters in Berlin the name and managed in the GDR the food cars. At the German Federal Railroads the German sleep and food car company (DSG) were for this responsible.After the reunification the common management company from 1994 was called Mitropa again to 2002.
food car with the railways
until 1962 gave it to new building Speisewaen only for allied purposes or Büffetwagen of the designs ARbum 216, Bryl 446 and BRbumh 282. The food car of the US-Army havethe model course companies Märklin and Trix end of the 1950er years as basis taken to bring a DSG version out never existente. Otherwise only of the Mitropa taken over Speiseagen was inserted by the DSG.
The German Federal Railroads introduced for the first time 1962 new building food cars to dte the Rhine gold. Because itself the partial doppelstöckigeExecution of the Rhine gold design did not work satisfactorily, came 1964 new food cars of the types WRmh 132 and starting from 1969 WRmz 135 (with Pantograf) into traffic. A part of the WRmh 132 had red lacquer, the remainder was implemented in red-beige dte colors. 1966 followed half food cars ARmh 217 and ARmz218 (with Pantograf), first in more characteristically blue-red two-colored lacquer finish, which yielded starting from 1971 the painting of dte. The Pantograf served the railways, ÖBB for the current supply during a course stop in the net and SBB/CFF/FFS. Only one car, a WRmz135.1, was suitable for the France employment. Everything these cars (except WRmh131) a length of 27.5 meters like also the following Quick-Pick-Wagen [
the Quick-Pick-Wagen after
three prototypes 1973 followed 1975 - 1977 a series Quick-Pick-Wagen so mentioned of the type WRbumz 139 had. A part was in dte colors, another in at that time current ocean-blue-beigeDesign paints, with which the customers at a Buffet avail themselves and pay at the cash. With the introduction of the hourly intertown center - courses 1979 moved these cars into IC traffic and with a further control strength after complaints from passengers and tourism federations were revalued. Therethe self-service concept no success had, the Quick-Pick-Wagen starting from 1987 in on-board restaurants of the type WRmz 137 was in the long term converted.
the German course
the food car in on-board restaurants, in those differentiated on-board restaurant and BordBistro of late it a larger offer at warm and coldGives main courts and meals as well as appropriate seat possibilities and after BordBistros, which sell only a small offer of cold and warm meals and beverages and usually only few seats and otherwise standing tables have.
Since 2002 the railways journey & tourism manage their courses themselves.It changed the ICE first with 3 to use BordBistros into connection with a to-place-service. Restaurant cars in the conventional sense (with seat possibilities and complete menus) are diminished gradually with the railways journey & tourism since at the end of of 2002. After the problems with the new price systemand the associated decrease of the traveler numbers the railways AG think at present about a repeated change of the service concept.
The railways Regio supplement high-frequented course runs around railroad cars, which have a SnackPoint, a being and beverage dispenser. On some lines one became also in regional coursesKind Bistro under the designation ZugCafé imported. The appropriate cars run under the generic character DBpkz.
list of the German new building food and Büffetwagen (railways and DR)
|Type||year of construction||number||of remarks|
|ADmh of 101||1962||5||cathedrals Car for Rhine gold and Rhine arrow|
|ARDmh 105||1964||12||Bar car for dte traffic|
|ARDmz 106||1964||5||bar cars for dte traffic|
|WRmh 131||1962||5||partly doppelstöckig|
|WRmh 132||1964-68||27||late WRmz 132|
|WRtmh 133||1964||3||tourism food car|
|WRtmh 134||1965||18||tourism food cars|
|WRmz 135||1969-73||35||with Pantograf|
|WRmz 135||1968||1||with Pantograf,for France employment|
|WRmz136||1984||,||change from WRbumz 139 WRbumz 138|
|modernizes 40||ex||DR||1973 3 change from|
|BRbum 282||,||prototype||Quick Pick WRbumz 139 1975-79 43 Quick Pick|
|, 40||cars||in||WRmz 137,2 converted ARmh 211 1992 6 starting from 1992|
|WRmz 137,2||1987-89||40||Change from ARmz 218 for Holland traffic|
|ARbum 216||particularly for F-courses|
|ARmh 217||1966||10||„Kakadu lacquer finish “|
|ARmz 218||1966||15||with Pantograf|
|ARkimbz 262||1988-92||155||IR-Bistro, change from ABm 225|
|BRbumh 282||1962||50||Büffetwagen, converted in society cars andQuick Pick|
|BRbum 282,1||1968||2||lunch cars, change from BRbum 282|
|BRbumh 283||1962||3||like Brumh 282, other seat order|
|BRbumz 285||1971||5||Snack bar|
|Bryl 446||1954?||?||Through train design|
|WGmh 854||1983||3||change from associating sheep cars, for Berlin traffic|
|Wgre||1967-69||17||ex DR, MOD design, Büffetwagen|
|WRm||1995||7||for CityNightLine, change from DR-A/Bpmz|
|WRge 542||1973-75||50||ex DR Reko car, 1985-87 change to Wgre Büffetwagen, z. T. for city express|
- last UIC is indicated - design number and original amount of
in Austria became the food carsuntil 1996 of the CIWL operated. After a Intermezzo with the company Trainristo become the food cars since 10. June 2001 of è-express manages. All euro town center and ÖBB EuroCity as well as some few intertown center lead a food car; to the remaining intertown center there is against it only small Snacksand beverages of that mini bar.
in Switzerland the food cars of inland traffic were operated traditionally of the SSG. Into the 1980er years was added as further operators on some lines Le Buffet Suisse and led beside classical food cars of special offers how“Chäs express” and “Calanda country”. This operator was taken over then 1997 after financial difficulties temporarily of the Mitropa (as “Mitropa Suisse” designates). The SSG was renamed 2000 in Passaggio and to the Italian autogrill - group sells. The food car business (Passaggio Rail) was separated 2001 and belonged nowby the majority the SBB. 2002 transferred Passaggio Rail the operational business of the Mitropa Suisse (formerly Le Buffet Suisse), and since 2003 the society to elvetino were umfirmiert. All euro town center - courses, the predominant part of the intertown center - courses and some further courses in Switzerland lead oneFood car. With the Doppelstockwagen IC2000 first only a “Bistro bar” was planned, these are converted accordingly now however the demand in full food cars.
food car in streetcars
a characteristic was that in former times the courses of the region highway course between Duesseldorf and Duisburg and Duesseldorf and Krefeld overDecades at some times of day a food car one provided. Later in the longer joint cars used then a food compartment was furnished. This very day passengers on the so-called city-line ( between Duesseldorf and Krefeld) of the Rhine course can acquire smaller meals and beverages while driving. Also particularsother streetcar enterprises did not experiment themselves with food compartments, so for instance in Bonn and Hanover, in continuous operation to intersperse could them.
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