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the designation Spreezpriav, zspriawa or also spiawe, which is called as many as Sorbenfluss, has its origin in the slawischen after today still the Westslawi people of the Sorben living in the upper run.
the length of the Spree amounts to approximately400 km (other sources 382 km, 398 km give and/or. 403 km on), of it are only about 182 km navigable. The catchment area of the river covers 10,105 km ². Although it at the delta with 38 m ³ /s (level Berlin Sophienwerder) scarcely twice as muchWater like the Havel (15 m ³ /s, level Spandau air-lock) leads and around some is longer, is the Spree a tributary of the Havel.
The Spree flows by the Lands of the Federal Republic Saxonia, Brandenburg and Berlin. In its upper run the Spree between Neugersdorf and Ebersbach forms the border to Tschechien. Below Neusalza Spremberg that flows throughRiver the Fugauer Zipfel. This place, in which the torn off village Fugau was, is the only one, in which the Spree runs exclusively in Czech area.
From the source area before mentioned the Spree on the way flows northward underthus a being end airworthiness directive it forms others over Bautzen and Cottbus first in the upper Spreewald, where she branches out strongly , and to the west turns. Toward Lübben (Spreewald) it turns again northward and reaches themselves the lower Spreewald. Ofhere out it flows eastward and reaches the Schwielochsee, in order to leave this in northwest direction.
The Spree passes Beeskow and flows at prince forest past - where the or Spree channel partly divides the Flussbett with it - intothe Müggelsee. The following section between Müggelsee and Berlin Köpenick is called Müggelspree. Into Köpenick the Dahme flows into the Spree, which was supplied on height of the Spreewaldes over the Spree Dahme Umflutkanal Spreewasser. This drainage canal to the Dahme should the Spreewaldprotect against floods. The Spree is the largest running waters of Berlin and left tributary of the Havel (by Berlin flowing tributary of the Elbe). The 46 kilometers long and almost in parts 50 meters broad distance section of the Spree on citizen of Berlin area runs ofSoutheast after northwest, forms in the citizen of Berlin center an island with the core of the old citizens of Berlin sister city Cölln and flows after further process by for citizens of Berlin the channel and air-lock system with Berlin Spandau into the Havel.
By the basins in thatIce age developed Moränen the Spree and the Havel numerous seas form into and around Berlin.
in the Spreewald, which divides into Oberspreewald and Unterspreewald, accepts the Spree the character of a being end airworthiness directive. There the Spreein their process several seas, is relatively balanced the discharge course of the river flows through. The river flows very slowly (approx. 50 cm per second), since it exhibits a very small downward gradient. Between Cottbus and Berlin Köpenick is there per second only 17Centimeter and in Berlin of even only nine centimeters per second velocity of flow.
At GDR times the Spree was fed by substantial quantities of artificially introduced groundwater, which were evacuated due to the brown coal open mining. Since the end of the brown coal open mining the Spree of this is missingWater. Particularly in the summer months it can come to substantial fresh water false need. In the summer 2003 it was observed that the Spree flowed into Köpenick backwards (source). Since in the citizen of Berlin area clarified waste water is introduced into the Spree, it can thereforeoccur that in dry summers the Spree consists in the citizen of Berlin area almost completely of clarified waste water.
For the year Berlin and Brandenburg storage reservoir put on 1997 , which is to guarantee a minimum supply. North of Bautzen and north of Spremberg became alreadyto GDR - Times artificial lake, the dam Bautzen and the dam Spremberg put on.
Southeast from Berlin the river is by the or Spree channel with the or connected. From the source to Erkner at the southeast citizen of Berlin outskirts of a town follows the Spreeradweg the processthe river.
- the Wiedernutzbarmachung as bath river is part of the project SPREE2011.
- Each year on the first April weekend takes place on the Spree between again Zittau and Erkner the Spreetreiben. The Spreetreiben finds 2006 to 10. Timesinstead of. The most famous Teilnehmerin was a former minister for work, social, health and women of the country Brandenburg, Regine Hildebrandt.
- In the winter is tried to keep always navigable the Spree in the citizen of Berlin city by several ice-breakers.
- Fifteen Spreetunnel of most different purposeunderrun the river in Berlin.
Web on the left of
|Wiktionary: Spree - word origin, synonyms and translations|
- regional park Müggel Spree
- Spree with Berlin - interactive 360° panorama
- national institute for large protected areas Brandenburg
- several times daily current measured values of the institute for waters ecology and Binnenfischerei forthe Müggelsee
- historical s/w pictures from the 70's of the Müggelsee in GDR photo archives
- city Fürstenwalde/Spree
coordinates: 52° 31 ′ 10 " N, 13° 21 ′ 48 " O