|coat of arms|
|coordinates:|| 47° 25 ' n. Break. |
8° 22 ' o. L.
|Height:||421 m and. M.|
|Surface:||8,60 km ²|
|inhabitants:||10 ' 055 (31. December 2005)|
Table of contents
geography the village in the center between bathing and Zurich on the south side of the Limmat. The settlement area extends over a flat far level between the cheerful mountainand the river bank. The old village center of spreading brook, by which the brook of the same name flows, lies southernmost and its original character to a considerable part retained. North of it modern spreading brook with extensive block of flats accomodation, trade zones and shopping centres lies. Completelyin the north, separately by the motorway and the railway line, the expanded industrial zone new hard is in a river loop of the Limmat. The eastern part of the level is controlled by the marshalling yard Zurich Limmattal.
The Franzosenweiher lies in the forest area south of spreading brook, indirect proximity of the municipality border to Dietikon. Biotope “old bath” sits down together from a pond and a humid area with large plant wealth. The municipality separated this area with the adjacent small forest as nature protection zone. To the name the Weiher came,because the napolionischen troops stored there, before them with the monastery drive the Limmat crossed.
Approximately two kilometers west the village, on a height of 650 meters, the Weiler of the same name lies on a high plateau of the cheerful mountain. Is not far from it distantthe highest place of the Gemeindegebiets (672 meters). The deepest place is on 385 meters to the Limmat. The surface of the Gemeindegebiets amounts to 860 Hektaren, of it is 302 Hektaren wooded and 305 Hektaren covered.
Neighbour municipalities are Würenlos on in the north , Oetwilthe Limmat in the northeast, Dietikon in the east, Bergdietikon and Bellikon in the south, Remetschwil in the west as well as Killwangen in the northwest.
was mentioned for the first time documentary spreading brook in the year 1124. Beside numerous monasteries were above all the knightsof beautiful-become (with Dietikon) important basic owners. These had to sell their goods between 1274 and 1287 all to the monastery Wettingen, which ascended thereby to the most important basic gentleman of the village. National gentlemen and owners of the high jurisdiction were the having citizens.
1415 conquered the oath comrades the Aargau and spreading brook were from now on a part of the office Dietikon in the county bathing, a common rule. 1541 acquired the monastery Wettingen also the low jurisdiction. 1670 and 1785 became numerous houses throughVillage fires destroys. In March 1798 the Frenchmen conquered Switzerland and proclaimed the Helveti republic . Spreading brook became a municipality in the short-lived canton bathing; since 1803 it belongs to the canton Aargau.
To 9. August 1847 became the first railway lineopens to Switzerland between Zurich and bathing. The Spreitenbacher used itself for an alignment far off the village. For this reason the next station lies this very day in the neighbouring Killwangen, although this municipality approximately seven times of fewer inhabitantshas. The industrialization began 1862 with the opening of a cotton spinning mill.
spreading brook was to center of the 1950er a calm farmer village with some small industrial concerns and a sail airfield. But then an unparalleled boom of construction activity began, which looks for its-same.Since in the canton Zurich prevailed at that time a Konkubinatsverbot, the demand for dwelling in the canton Aargau rose and in particular in spreading brook rapidly. On the drawing board “new spreading brook” was sketched and partly converted to it into the reality. A eingentliche satellite city was planned. Developed many multistoried building settlements as well as expanded trade and industrial zones. Center of the 1960er the planners proceeded from one population with 35 `000 inhabitants and 20 `000 jobs in the final development. Because of the oil price shock and the following economic crisis into the 1970ern those becameVisions only partially converted.
1970 were opened the first shopping centre of Switzerland in styles of an American Shopping Mall. 1974 followed a second, still larger. Spreading brook was considered for a long time as negative example to the Zersiedelung Swiss of the central country. Between 1960and today the total population verfünffacht itself more than. No other municipality of the canton Aargau had to register such a large growth.
coat of arms
the Blasonierung of the municipality coat of arms reads: “Geviert by blue with crowned yellow leopard head and ofRed with sechsstrahligem white star. “On the coat of arms of the municipality seal of 1872 a lime tree and a fir were shown. The coat of arms used today decreases/goes back to a recommendation of the Ortschronisten and after 1930 was introduced. It is on the mapthe canton Zurich from the year 1667 shown. The leopard head refers to the Mr. von Schönenwerd, the star the monastery Wettingen, the former court gentleman.
to 31. Decembers 2005 lived 10 ' 055 humans in spreading brook, the foreigner portion amounted to 49.3% and were thereby the highest in the canton Aargau. During the census 2000 were 40.0% Roman-catholic, 20.4% reform, 7.9% Christian-orthodox and 14.7% moslemisch; 1.3% belonged to other faith directions. 72.1% called German its host language, 7.0% Italian, 6.1% Serbo-Croatian, 4.8% Albanian, 2.3% Turkish, 1.2%Spanish, ever 1.1% French and Portuguese.
the municipality meeting, the Legislativgewalt exercises authorities the meeting of the voters. Implementing authority is the local council. Its term of office amounts to four years and it becomes in the Majorzverfahren (majority choice procedure) of the people selected. It leads and represents the municipality. In addition it carries out the resolutions of the municipality meeting and the tasks, which were assigned to it by canton and federation.
The five local councils of the office period 2006-09 are:
- Rudolf cold (CVP), Gemeindeammann
- Peter Hautle (SVP), vice- Gemeindeammann
- Joseph Bütler (FDP)
- Fredy Nüesch (FR)
- Monika Zeindler (non-party)
for law cases is responsible the district court bathing. Spreading brook belongs to the justice of the peace circle Wettingen.
spreading brook is due toits outstanding situation in the west of the dye Zurich an important economic situation. Over 700 enterprises approximately 7000 jobs offer. Of it are 1% in the agriculture, 22% in the industry and 77% in the serving achievement sector. The two large shopping centresShoppi and Tivoli as well as the furniture house IKEA, whose 1973 were open branch first outside of Scandinavia, form the backbone of the service industry. Also numerous considerable industrial companies established themselves here. The most well-known are doubt Pomy chip (potato chip), Bridgestone (motor-car tire), Johnson &Johnson (Pharma, Kosmetik), Nestlé (food), Miele (household devices) and the globe - group (Detailhandel).
the municipality is because of the much driven on main street Zurich bathing. The connection Dietikon of the motorway A1 lies two kilometers east the village. Until 2007 are Spreading brook an own half connection receive (only in driving direction Berne). Here and in the neighboring place Dietikon developed 1978 (start-up of last stage of development) also the large marshalling yard Zurich Limmattal shortened for RBL.
Spreading brook is opened by numerous Buslinien, which have here all their final stop.The lines 2, 4 and 8 the RVBW operate direction Killwangen, new yard, Wettingen toward bathing. A line inhabitants of zurich of the traffic group ZVV drives via Dietikon, Urdorf, streaks to Zurich. Connection to the rapid-transit railway Zurich exists at the nearby stationsKillwangen Spreitenbach and Dietikon (lines S3 and S12). Medium-term spreading brook will be attainable also by the new metropolitan railway Limmattal.
in spreading brook all stages of the mandatory elementary school are informed. The nearest canton schools (High Schools) are in Wettingen andBathe.
Web on the left of
bathing | Bellikon | Bergdietikon | Birmenstorf | Honour things | Ennetbaden | Fislisbach | Freienwil | Giving peat | Killwangen | Künten | Mellingen | Mägenwil | New yard | Niederrohrdorf | Upper tubing village | Obersiggenthal | Remetschwil | Spreading brook | Stetten | Turgi | Untersiggenthal | Wettingen | Wohlenschwil | Würenlingen | Würenlos
coordinates: 47°25 ' N, 8° 22 ' O