Pc. - Annen monastery Luebeck

St. Annen Kloster
pc. Annen monastery
the new arts center by the old Kirchportal

the pc. - Annen monastery in Luebeck, in which Lübecker of art treasures are issued since 1915, is a former monastery of the Augustinerinnen, which today as one of the locations of the Lübecker of museum for art and culture history serves. It lies nearby the Aegidienkirche in the southeast Lübecker old part of town beside the synagog.

Table of contents

building history of the monastery

the monastery and the pertinent church, which were quite strangely built due to restrained property conditions, was established from 1502 to 1515 in the lategothical style. The monastery served above all the accommodation of unmarried daughters Lübecker citizen. On suggestion of the Lübecker of bishop monastery and church the holy Anna were geweiht. Only few years later the monastery in the course of the reformation was closed again, 1532 left the last nuns the monastery. 1610 developed in the areas a poorhouse, further parts than penintentiary were later used, for which 1778 a further wing, which was established spin house. Arm care and execution of sentences were under a roof.

1843 burned parts of the monastery and the church out. While the monastery buildings were restored, the church up to fragments was torn off, which remained standing as ruin.

Most areas in the ground floor of the monastery are still originals from the building time received: the cloister, the refectories, the Remter (the largest area of the monastery, probably work and dayroom of the nuns, since 1733 Esssaal of the poorhouse), the chapter hall and the vestry of the monastic church. In the southwest corner of the cloister is the heat chamber, the Kalefaktorium.

museum for art and culture history

in the year 1912 decided the senate of the Hanseatic city the change of the monastery to the museum. This conditioned changes of sketch, in order to be able to take over halls and panels from Lübecker community centres. The opening of the museum took place war conditionally with delay in the year 1915. From 1920 to 1933 Carl George Heise led the museum. Into this time the acquisition of the Behnhauses and the structure of the there collection fall.

collections

Sakrale art of the Middle Ages

the museum orders owing to an early senate decree for the protection of the monuments of the antiquity and the art of 1818 and the securing collecting activity based on it of Carl Julius mildness in 19. Century over the largest number of medieval wing altars (Retabeln) in Germany. The altars had been donated mostly by trade guilds or buyers for the monastic churches like the church of the castle monastery or the Katharinenkirche. In addition the Lukas - altar of the painters of Hermen Rode, the preservation driver altar of Bernt Notke, the Antonius - altar originally belongs to that by Benedikt Dreyer, from the family Greverade for the Lübecker cathedral donated passion altar of Hans Memling, as well as a private altar, the Triptychon of the advice gentleman Hinrich Kerckring of Jacob van Utrecht. Outstanding also the pc. George - group (1504), which was originally created by the Lübecker sculptor Henning of the Heyde for the St.Jürgen chapel at the Ratzeburger avenue. The works of the Cranach of pupil and Lübecker of painter Hans Kemmer embody the paging of reformation and Renaissance in Luebeck.

Beside the works of the Bildschnitzerei and painting the museum shows also, like a Lapidarium, sculpture of the Romanesque and the gothic, from which the Niendorfer Madonna represents one to the most valuable one. She was found 1926 in Luebeck never village in a barn. In addition, the intelligent and ton-arranged virgins are remarkable, them were originally located in the church of the castle monastery.


Mittelteil The Memling altar in Luebeck

advice, guild and church silver

a special collection of representative cups, cups, containers, customs and splendor articles gives an overview of the high level relating to crafts of the Lübecker to gold and silver silberschmiede and the wealth of its clients. Die Entstehungszeit der Stücke dieser Sammlung liegt zeitlich überwiegend nach der Reformation, da Lübecks Bürgermeister Jürgen Wullenwever zu dieser Zeit fast das gesamte mittelalterliche Lübecker Kirchensilber zur Kriegsfinanzierung gegen Dänemark (Grafenfehde) einschmelzen ließ.

Lübecker housing tradition

the development of the civil housing tradition from the Renaissance to the classicism knows in different areas, which became partly from old Lübecker community centres “converted”, before the background of time-appropriate art of Godfrey Kneller, Thomas Quellinus (Büste of the advice gentleman Thomas Fredenhagen of the baroque high altar of the Marienkirche) and many different, the collection taste Lübecker citizen reflecting works of educating artists and the pertinent equipments with porcelain from prince mountain and Meissen to be had a feeling for. Most greatly a completely received baroque hall works from the year 1736. This range in the upper floor a special collection of north German faiences with emphasis is attached on the Manufakturen in Kellinghusen , Stockelsdorf and Stralsund. In addition gives toy - a collection over it to explanation with which the young Hanseaten was occupied in past time. The oldest plastic hobby of the museum is however in a group of children on the altar of the Gertrudenbrüderschaft of the carriers (around 1509) from the periphery of v.d. Heyde.

Paramentenkammer

a further characteristic is surely the Paramentenkammer, in which old liturgical garbs from Lübecker churches as well as the largest part of the Paramentenschatzes of the Danziger Marienkirche are shown.

photo collection

to the treasures publicly not shown of the museum belongs a photo collection with approx., developed by Carl George Heise in the 20's. 450 artistic photographies, under it alone 212 work of Albert Renger Patzsch. It concerns the collection for the history of the photography and the collection of exemplary photography. Both collections were not resumed after Heises dismissal 1933 and came for long years into oblivion. Only in the last years they were rediscovered, since in particular the collection of exemplary photography represents the most comprehensive collections of photographies of the new Sachlichkeit in Germany (among other things works of Renger Patzsch, Hugo Erfurth, Umbo and Robert Petschow).

arts center pc. Annen

entrance to the arts center

today contains the monastery not only the pc. - Annen museum, but also the arts center pc. Annen with Museumsshop and Bistro. The architecture of the arts center, modern builds including the remnants of the 1843 burned down former church of the monastery pc. for 2004. Annen, is a gift of the Possehl donation to the Hanseatic city Luebeck. The architecture of the arts center, planning architect Konermann victory mouth from Hamburg/Luebeck, received the every four years lent main price Federal Employers Association of the Schleswig Holstein to 2003. The arts center shows 20 in changing exhibitions modern trend art . Century.

new collection emphasis Selbstportraits of the modern trend

the arts center pc. Annen has in September 2005 on switching of Björn close cross-beam the singular collection Leonie of Rüxleben (1920-2005) in the context of the deduction regulation to 21. September the 2005 deceased Leonie free woman von Rüxleben to the administration posed get; this concerns the largest collection of this kind in Germany. Thus it will be able to show possible approximately 1,300 work of Selbstbildnissen of the modern trend in changing exhibition. However recently between inheriting the Mrs. Rüxleben and the museum line a controversy over the handling of the deduction broke out.

exhibitions of the arts center

literature

Rode's Lukas altar
Notke's preservation driver altar
  • Karl shepherd, leader by the museum for art and culture history to Luebeck, 1915
  • max hate, the Lübecker passion altar Hans Memlings as monument of medieval Frömmigkeit in: Of the Lübecker cathedral, Luebeck 1958, S. 33 FF
  • Wolfgang J. Mueller, Luebeck around 1250 - art-historical views to the new city model in: Politics, economics and art pilotfish Luebeck, Luebeck 1976, S. 51 FF
  • Jürgen joke stick [Hrsg.], church art of the Middle Ages and the reformation time: the collection in the pc. - Annen museum (Lübecker of museum catalogs, Bd. 1). Luebeck: Museum for art and. Culture history 1981, ISBN 3-9800517-0-6
  • Hildegard Vogler, Madonnas in Luebeck, museum for art and culture history, Luebeck 1993
  • the NEW VIEW of the THINGS. Carl George Heises Lübecker photo collection from the 20's. Catalog to the exhibition 1995, given change of that Hamburg arts center and the museum for art and culture history of the Hanseatic city Luebeck
  • Hildegard Vogler, the Triptychon of the Hinrich and the Katharina Kerckring of Jacob van Utrecht, Museum for art and culture history, Luebeck 1999
  • Ulrich Pietsch, the Lübecker sea navigation from the Middle Ages to the modern times, Luebeck 1982, ISBN 3-9800517-1-4 (exhibition catalog)
  • Thorsten Rodiek, arts center pc. Annen in Luebeck Hrsg. Harsh ore Perl, Junius publishing house Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-88506-537-1
  • Uwe Albrecht, Jörg rose field and Christiane seam weber: Corpus of the medieval wood sculpture and board painting in Schleswig-Holstein, volume I: Hanseatic city Luebeck, pc. Annen museum. Kiel: Ludwig, 2005. ISBN 3933598753



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