Pc. Vincent and the Grenadinen
| Wahlspruch: Pax et Justitia.|
Latin, „peace and justice “
|system of government||constitutional monarchy|
|head of state||queen Elizabeth II.|
|Governor general||Frederick Ballantyne|
|head of the government||Ralph Gonsalves|
|surface||388 km ²|
|number of inhabitants||117,534 (conditions July 2005)|
|population density||of 302 inhabitants per km ²|
|independence||autonomy 1969, independence 27. October 1979|
|time belt||EST (UTC -4)|
|national anthem||pc. Vincent country so Beautiful|
Table of contents
Der Staat liegt in derKaribik im Bereich der westindischen Inseln und umfasst die Insel St. Vincent and the 32 islands of the northern Grenadinen, which belong to the small Antilleses. Grenada does not belong to. Capital and largest citythe country is Kingstown.
the population consist to 65.5% from black ones, to 19% of Mulatten. In addition there are 5,5% Indian and 3.5% white. Approx. 110,000 inhabitants (2004).
already centuries before Christoph Kolumbus in the year 1498 to the sink Vinzenz day the island Pc. Vincent reached, was the island of Indios, which Arawak so mentioned inhabits. The Arawak settledstarting from approximately 700 v. Chr. here, became however around 800 n. Chr. from the Kariben drove out. Kolumbus found the island controlled by Kariben forwards, it to Hairoun, which called „homeland of the Gesegneten “.
Beginning 17. Century became the islandboth of Great Britain and of France stresses. The rule over the island changed in the following decades always again between the two kingdoms and the Kariben. In the year 1783 France pc. stepped. Vincent then at Great Britain off.
European Kolonistenbegan soon everywhere in the Karibik with the cultivation of Zuckerrohr, whereby the largest part of the work was carried out by African slaves. 1675 ran a slave ship before pc. Vincent due to. From the descendants of the survivors and the native„yellow “Kariben formed „the black “Kariben.
With the time ever more African to the work in the Plantagen on the island were brought. Soon the African and no more placed the Europeans or Kariben the population majority. Around the strongly increasingPopulation to, were introduced new plants on the island nourish, as for instance the bread fruit, which was brought to second bread fruit journey by William Bligh, before commander of the famous Bounty, on its „ “ 1793 on the island.
In the year 1838 became the slavery on pc. Vincent abolished and it developed a new society, in which the free descendants of the slaves formed the predominant population majority. The great land owners got Indian contract workers on the island, in the middle 19. Century moved oneNumber of Portuguese . By the mixture of the many cultures the today's „Vincentianer formed “.
Pc. Vincent remained to 1969 British colony, before it received extensive autonomy. From 1958 to 1962 the island was member of the westIndian federation. Itbecame to 27. October 1979 independently, remained however in the Commonwealth.
- gross national product 2002: 282,5 millions Euro
- gross national product 2002/inhabitant: 2,416 euro
- gross national product2002/km ²: 726,220 euro
Web on the left of
- Website of the tourism Ministry
- information over pc. Vincent and the Grenadinen with www.amerika-live.de
- information of the Foreign Office over pc. Vincent and the Grenadinen
- data profile of pc. Vincent and the Grenadines of the World Bank
Antigua and Barbuda |
The Bahamas |
Costa Rica |
Dominican republic |
El Salvador |
Pc. Cement and Nevis |
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Pc. Vincent and the Grenadinen |
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coordinates: 13° 15 ′ N, 61° 12 ′ W