State opera under the lime trees

state opera under the lime trees, 2003

the state opera under the lime trees (also: Lime tree opera) is the oldest opera house as well as the oldest theatre building at all in Berlin.

Table of contents


18. Century

royal opera Berlin 1832

the architect George Wenzeslaus of Knobelsdorff began in July 1741 on behalf Friedrichs II. with the building of the royal yard opera;still months before the completion of the building 1743 the opera house became to 7. December 1742 with Carl Heinrich Grauns Cleopatra e Cesare opens. The building belonged to the plant forum of the Fridericianum at the opera place, the today's Bebelplatz, and had three separate resounding, to onelarge festival room to be connected knew:

  • “Apollosaal” - an entrance hall and a flank hall,
  • a “dance and an auditorium” - the main hall for opera performances,
  • “Korinthi hall” - a further stage for opera performances.

The house was the first royal theatre building and the first free standing opera house of Germany as well as at that time largest of Europe.

1787 took place larger changes via Carl God hard long Hans.

19. Century

rebuilt opera after the fire

at the night of 18. to 19. August 1843 burned the lime tree opera down up to the foundation walls. By the architect Carl Ferdinand long Hans under transferthe entrance to the north side again developed opera house was again opened one year later with Giacomo Meyerbeers a field camp in Schlesien. Smaller changes took place 1869.

Already in 17. Century accompanied the state State of (the “ royal chapel at that time”) the opera performance as an orchestra. The historicalRoots of the state chapel hand to in 16. Century back; she is mentioned for the first time documentary in the year 1570 as “Kurfürstliche yard chapel”. Gottfried William deaf ore initiated 1842 to tradition of independent and regular Sinfoniekonzerte of the chapel existing today. Likewise in the year 1842 Giacomo Meyerbeer became as a successorfrom Gaspare Spontini as the head conductor appoint, while Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy led the Sinfoniekonzerte.

As choir of the state opera first a layman choir consisting of pupils of the citizens of Berlin High Schools functioned; starting from 1821 however the state opera choir was engaged firmly.

20. Century

the opera house became 1918 (other sources: 1919) in state opera under the lime trees renamed and from the royal chapel developed the chapel of the state opera. Until April 1928 the Bühnenhaus was converted; again a revolving stage was added as well as under - and side stages.

In the Second World War the state opera becametwice by bomb impact completely destroys, first at the night of 9. to 10. April 1941 and again at the 3. February 1945. Reconstruction followed 1941 - 1942 by E. Meffert as well as 1952 - 1955 by smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Paulick after the Knobelsdorff original, the two alsoa performance by smelling pool of broadcasting corporations of Wagners the Meistersinger of Nuremberg were celebrated (last to 4. September 1955).

1945, after end of war, called itself the lime tree opera again over into German state opera Berlin; the first opera concert found to 16. June 1945 for lack of a tapable house in Large transmission hall of the radio house in the Masurenallee instead of. Between 1945 and 1955 the admiral palace (the today's Metropol theatre) was used as play place.

Removed in March 1955 at the Giebelportikus the inscription Fridericus Rex Apollini et Musis on operation of the FDJ and replaced with German state opera.To 4. September 1955 was again-opened the opera with a solemn act of state.

The house had at present 1.396 seats in the main hall (parquet and three ranks) and seizes 240 spectators in the Apollosaal. The opera house was last restored 1983 to 1986 comprehensively.

1990/1992, withTransition of the state opera from the responsibility of the Council of Ministers for culture of the GDR to those citizens of Berlin of the culture senator was strong the personnel body of the opera of 1,275 members; for the end of the financial year 2001 only 787 coworkers were busy at the state opera.

To 6. December 1992 created Association of the friends and promoter of the German state State of Berlin registered association. supports the work of the state opera financially and idealistically. To his initial members Hans Dietrich Genscher, Friede Springer, Teddy Kollek and Henry Kissinger belongs.

Center of the 1990er years the house again renamed in state operaUnder the lime trees.


stands at present the existence of the three citizens of Berlin of opera houses (beside the state State of the German opera Berlin and the amusing opera Berlin) and their artistic independence to the discussion. In the context of economy measures tries the citizen of Berlin senate, the ensemble,to separate the building services and the workshops from conditions of employment of the public service and convert into non-tariff conditions of employment.

important premieres

selection of important premieres in the state opera:

the most successful productions

1991 to 2002

  1. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Così fan tutte (performances: 14; Extent of utilization: 99%)
  2. Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski, the Nussknacker (performances: 30; Extent of utilization: 98%)
  3. Richard Wagner, Tannhäuser (Aufführungen : 13; Extent of utilization: 98%)
  4. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Wagner, the Rhine gold(Performances: 10; Extent of utilization: 97%)
  5. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Wagner, the flying dutchman (performances: 11; Extent of utilization: 96%)
  6. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Wagner, Tristan and Isolde (performances: 11; Extent of utilization: 96%)
  7. Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski, swan lake (performances: 64; Extent of utilization: 96)
  8. Giuseppe Verdi, Otello (performances: 14; Extent of utilization: 96%)
  9. Vincenzo Bellini, Norma(Performances: 19; Extent of utilization: 96%)
  10. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Wagner, God dawn (performances: 12; Extent of utilization: 96%)
  11. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Don Giovanni (performances: 17; Extent of utilization: 94%)
  12. Giuseppe Verdi, Falstaff (performances: 10; Extent of utilization: 94%)
  13. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Wagner, the Walküre (performances: 17; Extent of utilization: 94%)
  14. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the magic flute(Performances: 103; Extent of utilization: 94%)
  15. Giuseppe Verdi, Aida (performances: 34; Extent of utilization: 93%)
  16. Darius Milhaud, Christoph Kolumbus (performances: 10; Extent of utilization: 92%)
  17. Giacomo Puccini, La Bohème (performances: 8; Extent of utilization: 90%)
  18. Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski, Dornrö (performances: 65; Extent of utilization: 89%)
  19. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the weddingthe Figaro (performances: 32; Extent of utilization: 89%)
  20. Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Wagner, Lohengrin (performances: 19; Extent of utilization: 89%)

artistic and musical ladder, head conductors starting from 1918

artistic ladder and head conductors starting from 1918

after the Second World War gave it different principal conductors:

starting from 1936 gave it under the director Heinz Tietjen several constant conductors with differently large influence:

musical ladder

see also: Krolloper

head conductors to 1918

director and conductor

director starting from 1918

see also: Kroll opera Berlin

director and conductor to 1918

important performances and artistic events

  • cycle with all symphonies and piano concerts Beethovens with Daniel Barenboim as soloist and a conductor
  • tenth-hasty daring he cycle to the holidays 2002- world-wide first performance of the ten Hauptwerke of Wagners under the same musical line, direction and scenery as closed artistic event within one week.
  • Performance of baroque operas such as Cleopatra e Cesare, Croesus, L´opera seria and Griselda under the direction of René Yak-generic terms with the academyfor old person music Berlin and the free citizen baroque orchestra on historical instruments.


selection of appearances of the state opera:

Web on the left of

coordinates: 52° 31 ' 0 " N 13° 23 ' 42 " O


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)