the term of the Staatsräson aims from its idea at striving for security and self statement of the state at any price and with all means off. After Wolfgang Kersting it represents one „to ranking rule for interest LV and right collisions”. The appointment to this perspective rekurriert mostly on the classical Trias of voluntas, necessitas and utilitas as authentication sizes in favor of national actions.

The Staatsräson is in this sense as a reason-led interest calculation of a government to understand independently from the system of government to the only guiding principle of the maintenance of a functioning state thing obligated.

The encyclopedia of the policy defines the term „Staatsräson” as „orientation and action principle brought in the Italian Renaissance (above all Machiavelli) for the first time on the term and a fundamental, which the preservation of the state and/or. avowedly as the crucial political maxim…” “the dictionary offers alternative to the national authority

and/or even their increase to the policy three different definitions of the Staatsräson: When Staatsräson interpreted first as „priority of the interests of state before all other interests”, a second definition sees Staatsräson as „state necessity, contrary to the individual reason and necessity”. A third and last distinction recognizes one in it „principle, according to which highest yardstick of national acting is the keeping and Vermehrung of the use of the state, also under acceptance of the injury of moral and legislation”.

As most important advocates undisputed the Florentiner state State of Niccolò Machiavelli is considered to the idea of the Staatsräson. This hedges however the strategy in by clauses of rule preservation valid as Arkanwissen, by speaking itself the not completely clear term construction “mantenere lo stato” serving thus of the maintenance of the State of (also condition of the rule /Regierung). In contrast to this his compatriot Giovanni Botero was received approximately 60 years after Machiavellis death as mental authors of the term of the Staatsräson into the historical books. In its epochalen writing „Della Ragion di Stato “1589 has to define Botero as the first the attempt undertaken, what is to be understood by Staatsräson in the sense of the contemporary „ragion stato “. Botero calls the state in the long term one „rule posed over a people “and the Staatsräson as „knowledge of the means, which are for the establishment, preservation and extension of this rule of emergencies “

the idea of the Staatsräson are directly opposite for the philosophy of the German Basic Law, which humans and only them and sees only there necessity grants a primary and inviolable right status for adjustment, where there are interest conflicts between humans. No right status is entitled to the state, which is to humans equal or even superior. Idea Staatsräson however watches state as at least equally, if not with high order opposite humans on, so that it can come to this philosophy in case of from conflicts to decisions, which give preference to the abstract state, concrete humans however to disadvantage.

The term of the Staatsräson, also ratio status, ragione stato, raison d'état or reason OF state mentioned, is to the synonym for political intelligence teachings, a strategy „more prudenter loco et tempore” become.


  • Noam Chomsky: “From Staatsräson”, Frankfurt/Main 1974.
  • Herfried Münkler: In the name of the state. The reason of the Staatsräson in the early modern times, Frankfurt/Main 1987
  • Herfried Münkler: Staatsräson and political intelligence teachings. In: Iring Fetscher/Herfried * Münkler (Hrsg.): Pipers manual of the political ideas. Volume 3, Munich and Zurich 1985, ISBN 3492029531
  • Wolfgang Kersting: Niccolò Machiavelli. 2. Edition, Munich 1998
  • Maurizio Viroli: From Politics ton of Reason OF State, Cambridge 1992, ISBN 0521414938
  • novel cord (Hrsg.): Staatsräson. Studies for the history of a political term, Berlin 1975
  • Friedrich my corner: The idea of the Staatsräson in newer history, Munich 1957
  • Carl Joachim Friedrich: The state policy in the condition state. Freiburg 1961
  • Peter Nitschke: Staatsräson against utopia. By Thomas Müntzer to Friedrich II. of Prussia, Stuttgart/Weimar 1995

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