Public utilities Solingen GmbH (traffic)
Table of contents
Solinger metropolitan railway
the meterspurige Solinger metropolitan railway became to 30. December 1896 based by the union Elektricitäts society (UEG) from Berlin. She received thereby a temporally unlimited concession for the building and enterprise of a streetcar in Solingen. The first distance of stick hereditary suppl. over impact tree, Mühlenplätzchen and the Cologne road to the south station became to 2. June 1897 taken in enterprise and was 3 kilometers long. You followed on the same day the distance of new market over the emperor route, the protecting route and the citizens road to the crow height at 2.4 kilometers of length. Finally became to 2. April 1898 the distance from the south station over Grünewalder after road high-separate at 2 kilometers of length open. The third distance had however no connection to first, since the National Railroad did not permit traversing to the distance. This led to the fact that passengers had to cross the railroad tracks to foot.
At the 1. January 1903 was taken over the course by the Solinger Kleinbahn AG. This to 13. February 1900 created society was in the property of the UEG and the society for electrical enterprises. To 8. May 1908 found the course with the extension from crow height to Müngsten connection to the Barmener mountain railway. After to 19. October 1910 the new main station in Solingen was inaugurated, could the stretching hurry, which were separate at the south station before, combined and continuous will drive on.
To 16. August 1913 changed the course again their owner. From now to belonged it the RWE, which had obligated itself to build some distances again into and around Solingen. To 4. August 1914 was manufactured at the Mühlenplätzchen a further connection to the Barmener mountain railway.
During by the First World War of caused shortage of staff the enterprise could not be accomplished any longer smoothly, so that it came to distance attitudes. Only starting from 1919 one could accomplish again the normal enterprise.
To 20. December of this yearly was quit by the city also the contract with the RWE. Since the distances were down-managed, the city took over from then on the enterprise. At the 1. April 1922 was taken over by the West German Kleinbahn AG the distance from crow height to castle. To 2. December 1926 was already taken of the RWE planned distance from the Brühler road to Widdert in enterprise.
Solinger circular path
parallel to the metropolitan railway became of the union Elektricitäts society to 6. and/or. 8. February 1898 with the municipalities Gräfrath, Solingen, Ohligs, Vohwinkel and forest a contract over the building of a meterspurigen streetcar closed.
To 19. The distances were taken to November 1898 by Solingen over Merscheid after Ohligs and from impact tree to forest in enterprise. Two months later, to 13. , The sections from Ohligs to forest and of Solingen over Gräfrath followed January 1899 after Vohwinkel.
The UEG created to 13. February 1900 the Solinger circular path AG, which officially the distances at the 1. January 1902 took over. The circular path did not undertake further distance extensions. But it took over 1905 the distances of the streetcar Elberfeld Cronenberg Remscheid and leased starting from that 12. July 1908 the distance city theatre - Ostersbaum of the streetcar of the city Elberfeld. The distance of the streetcar Elberfeld Cronenberg Remscheid became at the 1. January 1910 to the Barmener mountain railway resells.
To 16. August 1913 changed the course as well as the metropolitan railway into the hands of the RWE. Of the RWE planned regelspurige development did not take place due to differences concerning the concrete alignment and by the outbreak of the First World War . The development begun already is today still visible on the basis Frankfurt dam, which corresponds to the process at that time of the section already built.
The First World War led also here to suspensions of service. Only after the border police at the Kluse and that had referred bridge post Kohl ford ago, could do to 16. December 1918 adjusted enterprise to be again taken up.
public utilities Solingen GmbH
after the incorporations from Gräfrath, Ohligs and forest to Solingen appeared, became at the 1. August 1929 the enterprises of the metropolitan railway and the circular path to the urban streetcars Solingen folded up. The course served 1929 of altogether 5 lines.
To 29. April 1932 had later agreed the city Wuppertal, in which the municipality Vohwinkel was come up, the dissolution of the circular path. Thus the urban streetcars Solingen GmbH was registered only at this time in trade registers. An arrangement from above, however already made this GmbH to 30. November 1933 to an own establishment of the city Solingen. After some changes in the linear network the length of the net end amounted to 1936 38.7 kilometers.
At the beginning of the Second World War the distance was stopped between impact tree and stick hereditary suppl. To 9. September came into force then the war timetable, which planned only travels for the rush hour. On arrangement of the Minister of the Interior also the railway track was taken on the Wupperbrücke in castle again in enterprise, because one regarded to a connection between Wuppertal and Solingen for war important. 1943 were damaged with a bomb attack of parts of the Remscheider of net, so that between that 11. August and that 3. October the connection between castle and rem-separate - hospital of public utilities rem-separate from the courses from Solingen to be taken over had. At the night of 4. to 5. November 1944 far parts of the Solingen city center were destroyed. The attack fell also the Wagenpark of the streetcar nearly completely to the victim. To 16. February 1945 was stopped the enterprise because of the approaching front. To 17. April was occupied the city by that Americans.
The reconstruction was to 16. Decembers 1946 carried out and the Vorkriegsnetz again in enterprise. Apart from the passenger traffic also the goods transport was added in the postwar years. Thus for example by public utilities of Bochum coal was transported to Solingen.
At the beginning of the 1950er the attitude of the streetcar net in Solingen began. To 12. June 1952 became first and to 16. November 1959 around 10:00 clock the last strassenbahnlinie of public utilities adjusted in Solingen. The last travel of a streetcar into Solingen found at the 3. May 1969 instead of, when public utilities Wuppertal accomplished the last travel on the distance from Cronenberg to Solingen.
after one had decided, began the attitude of the streetcar one the distances to the overhead line bus enterprise to change over. To 19. June 1952 was opened the first line by the count William place over Merscheid after Ohligs. At the 1. December 1959 was changed over the last streetcar to the Oberleitungsbus and it operated 4 lines by the city.
- Line 1 (now 681): Hästen - count William place - Merscheid - Ohligs
- line 2 (now 682): Ohligs - forest - count William place - high-separate
- line 3 (now 683): Vohwinkel - count William place - crow height - castle at the Wupper
- line 4 (now 684): Widdert - count William place
thus was changed over the streetcar net from 1939 completely to the Oberleitungsbus. To 14. March 1982 the line after 2 extended high-separate by nearly 0.8 kilometers to breaking into mountain. To 31. May of the yearly was added a new line from impact tree to Hasselstrasse . A further extension still followed to 22. August 1993, when the lines 685 and 686 were opened from the count William place to Aufderhöhe. Thus public utilities operate altogether 6 O bus lines in Solingen.
In the meantime the existence of the Gelenkbusse was completely modernized by procurement and the employment of new vehicles starting from 2002. The vehicles are designed in Niederflurbauweise and have among other things a stronger auxiliary drive, which makes a driving speed possible of 50 km/h also with taken off current collectors. The replacement of the “solo ones” still remained - vehicles of the manufacturer MAN/ÖAF count & pin is planned. The deactivated O buses operate today in Sarajevo.
Web on the left of
- http://www.sobus.net Internet side of public utilities
- http://www.obus-museum-solingen.de Internet side of the association Obus museum Solingen registered association.
- http://www.obus-online.com private Internet side to the Solinger Obus
- http://home.t-online.de/home/jgk.lehmann/ private Internet side to the Obus
- http://www.obus.info/ private Internet side to the Obus
- http://www.obus-es.de private Internet side to the Obus
see also: List of the former streetcars
Abellio Rail | Courses of the city Monheim GmbH | Bochum Gelsenkirchener streetcars AG | Bus traffic Rhine country GmbH | Railways Regio North-Rhine/Westphalia | Duisburger public transport company AG | Essener traffic-say | Airport Duesseldorf international | Hagener streetcar AG | Mülheimer public transport company ltd. | Niederrheini transporting enterprises AG | Niederrheini supply and traffic | Niederrheinwerke Viersen mobilely | Prignitzer railway GmbH | Regiobahn GmbH | Rhine course AG | Regional traffic Niederrhein GmbH | City bus Dormagen GmbH | Public utilities Neuss GmbH | Public utilities upper living AG | Public utilities Solingen GmbH | Streetcar Herne - Castrop Rauxel GmbH | SWK MOBIL GmbH | Transport department of the DSW21 | Transporting enterprises rem-separate GmbH | Public transport company Ennepe Ruhr | Public transport company of the city Velbert ltd. | Public transport company Hilden ltd. | Vesti streetcars GmbH | Wuppertaler of public utilities AG