Stefanie count

Steffi Graf
Nationality: Germany
size: 1.76 m
weight: 64 kg
of play hand: On the right of
1. Professional season: 1982
resignation: 1999
highest placement: 1 (17. August 1987)
Single title: 107
double titles: 11
prize money: $21.895.277
weeks Nr.1: 377
Grand Slam balance
title: 22
Australian open S (1988, 1989, 1990, 1994)
French open S (1987, 1988, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999)
Wimbledon S (1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996)
U.S. Open S (1988, 1989, 1993, 1995, 1996)
this article treats the German Tennisspielerin Stefanie count. For the Austrian light athlete see Stephanie count.

Stefanie (Steffi) MariaCount (* 14. June 1969 in Mannheim) is a former German Tennisspielerin. It won altogether 22 Grand Slam - tournaments and was altogether 377 weeks the number 1 of the tennis world rank list. 1988 triumphed it with all four Grand Slam tournaments as well as the olympic plays and wonso as only Tennisspielerin golden the Slam.

Table of contents

further records 2,3

further ones

The 1970er years: Steffi Graf took

the beginnings of 1973 in its homeland municipality Brühl for the first time a tennis racquet into the hand. Later she achieved two years the victory with the “young tournament” in Munich. 1977 won it further tournaments. Her father Peter count, learn Insurance buyer and tennis coach, decided, to concentrate full-time on the career of his daughter.

1980-1986: Ascended a “miracle child”

1981 started count for the first time with the German resounding championships of the adults and provided for first attention: The Weltranglisten Achtzigsten at that time EH Pfaff succeeded it only at threecontested sentences to win against the eleven-year old. A circumstance, which brought in count in the German technical literature the respectful designation of the “miracle child”. The coach of the national team at that time said, count was the largest talent, that gave it in Germany ever. Within its age group it is competitionless.

1982count won the German youth championship of the eighteen-year old as thirteen-year old. To 18. October of the same yearly was announced count with the WTA as Profispielerin. One week later was seized it in the world rank list for the first time than number 214 and is thereby first the youngest Spielerin, in thatWorld rank list appeared. 1983 played it for the first time with the French open in Paris and reached there the second round. In this year it left the six-form high school and took from now on private instruction. In the world rank list valuation at the year end she was noted at place 98.

1984 played it for the first time in Wimbledon and created it in the round of the last sixteen. In Los Angeles the fifteen-year one won the olympic tournament led as looking meeting as the youngest Teilnehmerin. With the tournament in falling the city count with Claudia Kohde Kilsch in the quarter final defeated for the first time a Top Ten - Spielerin and reached for the first time the finala WTA tournament. At the end of the yearly it held place 22 of the world rank list.

1985 reached count for the first time with US open the semi-final of a Grand Slam tournament and stood at the year end as sixteen-year-old one on place 6 of the world rank list.

1986 won count sixteen-year in Hilton Head Iceland for the first timethe final of a WTA tournament. Gegnerin was the world rank list second Chris Evert Lloyd. It struck the No. a little later. 1, Martina Navratilova, in the final of the German open in Berlin. It reached the semi-final of US open and created it on rank 3 of the world rank list.

1987: The year of the break-through

1987 succeeded to count with 7 tournament victories in consequence one of the longest victory series of the lady tennis. It defeated Martina Navratilova and Chris Evert in the spring in key Biscayne both clearly. Count remained from beginning of the year on for altogether 45Plays ungeschlagen - an absolute record. With a hard fought for three-sentence victory over Martina Navratilova with the French open won it its first Grand Slam tournament. She was at this time the youngest French open winner of all times. Count reached for the first time the Finals of Wimbledon and US open,in those it Martina Navratilova was subject in each case. To 17. August 1987 became it by a victory over Chris Evert in the final of the tournament of Manhattan Beach the number one of the tennis world rank list and replaced Martina Navratilova, those with few interruptions since 1978 the Top position inLady tennis had. Count terminated the year with 75 victories and only 2 defeats. Them remained up to 10. March 1991 186 weeks in consequence world rank list first. In Germany she was selected for the first time to the Sportlerin of the yearly. The same honour became their also 1986,1987, 1988, 1989 and 1999 assign.

1988-1990: Golden 1988 it won Slam

and unbroken dominance for the first time the tournament in Wimbledon as well as the Grand Slam tournaments in Paris, Melbourne and Flushing Meadows and thus as the third Spielerin the Grand Slam. Itthose won gold medal with the olympic plays in Seoul and reached thus as the first Spielerin of history golden the Slam, the profit of all four Grand Slam tournaments and the olympic gold medal within one calendar year. She became honour citizen of the municipality Brühl. Their annual balance covered 72 victorieswith 3 defeats.

1989 won it again the Grand Slam tournaments in Wimbledon, Melbourne and New York. Only in Paris it had to give in the final to the Spaniard Arantxa Sanchez Vicario struck, thus the historical double Grand Slam prevented itself. By the Women's sport Foundation became it the Sportlerinthe yearly appointed. Grafs annual balance amounted to 86 victories and 2 defeats.

1990-1992: Press eddy and a new Gegnerin

Grafs unbroken dominance continued into April 1990. Between 1988 and the Australian open in January triumphed it with 8 of the 9 out-playedGrand of Slam tournaments. In the spring 1990 father Peter count turned out into the visor of the German boulevard press. The picture stated that it had an affair with a naked model and with this a common child had witnessed. On the high point of these exposures itself count had with that German open in Berlin for the first time the young rising Jugoslawin Monica Seles struck give. It was Grafs first defeat after 66 victories in consequence, the secondarylongest victory series of all times. Seles had count already in the previous year as fifteen-year one with the quarter final of the French open at edge oneDefeat brought. Seles became more and more the serious Herausforderin for count, which had to put in in this time also against other competitor inside unusually many defeats. In the years 1990 in Melbourne (against Mary Joe Fernandez), 1991 in Wimbledon (against Gabriela Sabatini) and 1992again in Wimbledon (against Monica Seles) Steffi Graf won “only in each case” a Grand Slam tournament per year. The other Grand Slam titles went 1991 and 1992 at Monica Seles. To 10. March 1991 had to deliver count the guidance in the world rank list for the first time at Seles. Had preceded a defeat approximatelyits former Doppelpartnerin Gabriela Sabatini with the WTA tournament in Boca Raton (the USA). It dropped back to place 2 of the world rank list behind Monica Seles. Also the final of the olympic tennis tournament in Barcelona 1992 brought a surprise: Count, the huge Favoritin, lost 16-jährige US American against those only Jennifer Capriati. However Steffi Graf 3 of 5 plays won against Seles during their time as the world rank list first.

1993-1996: The second phase of dominance

1993 triumphed to count with the Grand Slam tournaments in Paris, Wimbledon and New York. It created it, at place oneto return the world rank list. However this success was overshadowed by an assassination attempt: With the WTA tournament in Hamburg in April 1993 the psychologically remarkable German count fan stung Günter Parche of the Monica Seles with a measurer in the backs, leading up to then in the world rank list. Seles, that the assassination attemptabove all to create psychologically with difficulty made, returned only two years later on the lady route.

To the beginning of the year 1994 count with their success in Melbourne achieved the fourth Grand Slam title in consequence and thus a second, although “false” Grand Slam, that not within one calendar yearone completed.

In the years 1995 and 1996 it won in each case the Grand Slam tournaments in Paris, Wimbledon and New York. Count achieved both US-Open titles against the Rivalin Monica Seles returned to a two-year break. The final of the yearly 1995 became one the most emotional, most exciting andhardest tennis plays of history: Count triumphed scarcely with 7:6 0:6 6:3. First signs of the physical wear became apparent: Hurt in each case count had to do in both years without a participation in the Australian open in Melbourne.

1996-1998: Injury problems and tax scandal

already 1995determinations of the Mannheimer public prosecutor's office had begun against Steffi Graf and her father Peter. Both tax evasion was accused. Peter count was taken because of black-out and danger of absconding in August 1995 in remand, at the beginning of of 1997 it was condemned to three years and nine months prison. The preliminary investigation approximatelySteffi Graf was finally adjusted.

1997 played Steffi Graf with altogether only five tournaments 19 Matches (16 victories, with three defeats - all against the south African Amanda Coetzer). It lost the guidance of the world rank list to Swiss Martina Hingis. In the June of the sameYearly hurt itself it at the knee, had no match on the WTA route of an operation to undergo and could over twelve months more to play. To 8. June 1998 was not led it for the first time since 1983 no more in the world rank list.

1999: Comeback and resignation

Record world rank list first in the lady tennis
rank nationality name weeks
1. Germany Steffi Graf 377
2. the Czech Republic the United States Martina Navratilova 331
3. the United States Chris Evert 262
4. Switzerland Martina Hingis 209
5. Serbia and Montenegro the United States Monica Seles 178
conditions: 5. April 2006

1999 won count, meanwhile nine and twenty-year-old, again a Grand Slam tournament. In the finalthe French open won it in a dramatic match against the eighteen-year old new world rank list first Martina Hingis. Meeting one another the long hurt German with their Swiss successor was full the emotions: Hingis had several times negatively expressed itself over Grafs play abilities and the day before the final play had expressed,their victory on the tomorrow's day will show that the generation change is carried out finally. Swiss had looked actual toward end of the second sentence already like the safe Siegerin and was distant only three points from the victory, before count turned the play and the third passagewith 6:2 won clearly. Count designated this victory later than the most beautiful their career. She explained that she will never play more in Roland Garros, because there cannot be more beautiful parting. In view of this expression speculations made which is approaching resignation the round around Grafs. With the tournamentfrom Wimbledon count as well as the tennis Idol of her youth, John McEnroe, for the first time, reached the semi-final in the mixed double without whose delivering it does after recent knee problems and regarding the single final. Before count in the single quarter final had defeated Venus Williams in three sentences. InFinal game of the lady competition was subject to count of the US American Lindsay Dave haven. Their final introduction brought it back on the third place to tennis world rank list. After a further defeat by a injury-conditioned play abort at the 3. August 1999 with the WTA tournament in San Diego explained count to 13. August 1999 ina press conference their immediate resignation from the professional tennis. As the third of the tennis world rank list count was the most highly noted Spielerin, which ever explained its resignation from the professional tennis.

after the sport

1999 count a further mark was selected to of Germany Sportlerin of the yearly - toaltogether fifth time after 1986, 1987, 1988 and 1989. It gave few weeks after the separation from their life companion of many years, who running driver Michael Bartels, well-known.

In the consequence first rumors arose over a Liaison with the US-American tennis player Andre Agassi, their current married man.Count and Agassi marry to 22. October 2001. To 26. October 2001 is born son Jaden Gil. Daughter Jaz inch sees the light of the world at the 3.Oktober 2003.

Steffi Graf is foundress and chairman of the charitable donation “Children for Tomorrow”, which traumatisierte itself overChildren in all world cares.

successes

of tournament victories

balance with Grand Slam tournaments
tournament 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 entirely
Australian open 2r 4r - - - S S S VF - F S - - 4r - VF 4
French open 2r 3r 4r VF S S F F HF F S HF S S VF - S 6
Wimbledon - 4r 4r - F S S HF S S S 1r S S - 3r F 7
US open - 1r HF HF F S S F HF VF S F S S - 4r - achieved

5 Steffi Graf 22 victories with Grand Slam - tournaments. It won four times the Australian open, five times US open, six times the FrenchOpen and seven times Wimbledon. It is exceeded here only by the Australian Margaret Smith Court (24 victories). 1988 triumphed to count with all four Grand Slam tournaments of the kalendarischen yearly, with which her as third Spielerin of tennis history after Maureen Connolly (1953) and Margaret Smith Court (1970) the so-called Grand Slam completed. With the profit the gold medal with the olympic summer games 1988 of Seoul achieved count historically an unequalled success, which entered as golden Slam history of the tennis sport.

Altogether count won 107 tournaments and occupies - based on tournament victories in the single- the third place in the eternal good list professional player inside behind Martina of the Navratilova and Chris Evert.

Count triumphed also with the olympic summer games 1984 Los Angeles, won five times the tennis of Masters (1987, 1989, 1993, 1995 and 1996) and with the German teamtwice the Federation Cup (1987 and 1992).

Single victories with Grand Slam tournaments
year tournament Finalgegnerin result
1987 French open Martina Navratilova 6-4, 4-6, 8-6
1988 Australian open Chris Evert 6-1, 7-6
1988 French open Natalia Zvereva 6-0, 6-0
1988 Wimbledon Martina Navratilova 5-7, 6-2, 6-1
1988 US open Gabriela Sabatini 6-3, 3-6, 6-1
1989 Australian open Helena Sukova 6-4, 6-4
1989 Wimbledon Martina Navratilova 6-2, 6-7, 6-1
1989 US open Martina Navratilova 3-6, 7-5, 6-1
1990 Australian open Mary Joe Fernandez 6-3, 6-4
1991 Wimbledon Gabriela Sabatini 6-4, 3-6, 8-6
1992 Wimbledon Monica Seles 6-2, 6-1
1993 French open Mary Joe Fernandez 4-6, 6-2, 6-4
1993 Wimbledon Jana Novotná 7-6, 1-6, 6-4
1993 US open Helena Sukova 6-3, 6-3
1994 Australian open Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6-0, 6-2
1995 French open Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 7-5, 4-6, 6-0
1995 Wimbledon Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4-6, 6-1, 7-5
1995 US open Monica Seles 7-6, 0-6, 6-3
1996 French open Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6-3, 6-7, 10-8
1996 Wimbledon Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6-3, 7-5
1996 US open Monica Seles 7-5, 6-4
1999 French open Martina Hingis 4-6, 7-5, 6-2

Further records

Steffi Graf

  • is the only Tennisspielerin, those the Grand Slam on four different floor mats (Rebound Ace, sand, lawn and supreme Court) achieved
  • is the only Tennisspielerin, the all four Grand Slam tournaments at least four times to win could
  • is the only Tennisspielerin, with all four Grand Slam tournaments the theirVictory to defend could
  • win is the only Tennisspielerin, the all four Grand Slam tournaments in two different decades could
  • is the only Tennisspielerin, from nine played Grand Slam tournaments the eight won (1988/1989/1990)
  • is the only Tennisspielerin, those the three top set player inside with a Grand Slam tournament to defeat could
  • achieved thatfastest victory of all times with a Grand Slam final (count triumphed in the final of the French open 1988 against Natalia Zwereva in 34 minutes of 6:0 6:0)
  • the only Tennisspielerin is, those the tennis year eight times as number unity terminated
  • is the only Tennisspielerin, the 186 weeks in continuous consequencethe number one of the world rank list was
  • the only Tennisspielerin, those altogether 377 weeks the first place of the world rank list occupied

further one personal best performances

the balance of their career exhibits 902 victories and 115 defeats. Their victory ratio from 88,7% becomes only of Chris Evert (90.0%) exceeded. Grafs best annual balance, the secondarybest of all times, points 86 victories and two defeats to (1989). Between June 1989 and May 1990 it remained unbesiegt 66 plays in consequence and only by Martina Navratilova is exceeded here. Steffi GrafUS Dollar at prize moneys won an amount of record of 21.895.277.

honors

literature

  • Doris handle: Steffi Graf (superstar of the sport). Copress publishing house, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-7679-0431-4
  • Rolf striking sign, Hansjörg crease: Thanks, Steffi: The unforgettable years of the queen of the Centre Court. Sport publishing house, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-328-00867-5
  • Klaus Brinkbäumer, Hans Leyendecker, Heiner Schimmöller: Hands Steffi, poor child: The document count. Hamburg 1996, ISBN 3-455-15005-5
  • Sue Heady: Steffi: Everything to the defiance. Heel, king winters 1996, ISBN 3-89365-498-4
  • Ron scarce: Sport Greats: Steffi Graf. Enslow Publishers1995
  • Hans Reski, Irmgard Stoffels Lübbe: Steffi Graf. Life and career of a German tennis miracle. Bergisch Gladbach 1986.
  • Hans Dieter pour: Steffi Graf: Superstar, haven-guesses/advises. Sport publishing house, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-328-00581-1
  • Marita webers: Steffi Graf: Impact to success, a dream fulfilled itself. Dolphin publishing house, Munich 1987, ISBN of 3-7735-5355-2

works

  • Stefanie count, Karl Heinz Schmidt: My mental Fitness program: Thus you come into Topform. Goldmann, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-442-16315-3
  • Steffi Graf and Karlheinz Schmidt: Ways to success. Avoiding well publishing house 2001, ISBN 331000614X

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