Steven Runciman

James Cochran Stevenson Runciman (* 7. July 1903 in Northumberland; † 1. November 2000 in Radway, Warwickshire) was a well-known British historian, who is famous to the Middle Ages for its work. Its parents were both for the liberals in the parliament, its grandfather on the paternal side, lord Runciman, were a large shipowner. Its it received education in Eton, at the same time with George Orwell, which became a close friend. it began 1921 at the Trinity college (Cambridge) its historical study.

Its work over the Byzantine realm made it 1927 the Fellow of the Trinity. It inherited a substantial fortune from its grandfather, whereupon it withdrew 1938 as Fellow. From 1942 to 1945 he was a professor for Byzantine art and history at the University of Istanbul, where he began with his research to the crusades. The result, A History OF the Crusades (history of the crusades), is its most well-known work. It appeared in three volumes 1951, 1952 and 1954.

Runciman was a scholar after old standard, which was not interested in the application of the sociology or historiography with its work. In its private life it was well-known as Exzentriker, as Ästhet, anecdote storyteller, trailer of the Okkultismus and friend of Aristokraten and politicians in many countries.

works (in selection)

  • The Emperor Romanus Lecapenus, 1929.
  • The roofridge Bulgarian Empire, 1930.
  • Byzantine Civilization, 1933.
  • A History OF the Crusades, 3 Bde., 1951 FF. (probably its most well-known work, which is written elegantly and with much sympathy for Byzanz)
  • The Sicilian Vespers, 1958.

Many of its works were translated out into German (history of the crusades, the Sicilian Vesper, Byzanz).

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  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)