Road battle

argument between the police and demonstrator in Belize
special-purpose forces in the employment against demonstrator
employment of US-marine against demonstrators

as road battle (English. riot) one designates one in the open air by physical force delivered conflict of several groups of persons of usually different convicition, it is not to confound with the road fight, which designates arguments of military federations.

Contrary to the road battle, which consist primarily of arguments between persons, riots and excesses designate also plunderings and damages, which accompany frequently in the form of arson.

Road battles often take place between units of the police and militant left-wing extreme ones, members of the Punk scene, autonomous ones, right-wing extremists or hooligan .


of road battles can break out both planned as well as unexpectedly. A situation of the tension usually precedes the argument. The escalation can take place spontaneously, after a provocation of the opposite side, via the employment from agents provocateur or also according to plan.

Frequently groups fight each other due to political, social, religious or ethnical motives. Sometimes kinds also demonstrations peacefully begun in road battles out, often because opposing groups try the demonstration to disturb. The rage and the grind of the participants in most cases unload themselves of such a road battle in force against an executive official, those in the eyes of the participants the state and/or. the policy represent.


in the course of revolutions, rebellions and revolts, as for instance the March revolution came it again and again to barricade fights. Heavy road battles took place between trailers of the communists and national socialists in the Weimar Republic . Into the 1970er years came it due to the student revolt to road battles, while into the 1980er years beside the Hausbesetzerszene the resistance was usually ecological or peace-politically motivated (runway west, nuclear power opponent). For the 90's there are increasingly globalization-critical and right-extremist demonstrations and counter demonstrations of the Antifa, which end partially in force. Further examples are “race troubles” or religious arguments as well as striking down of democracy movements in dictatorships. The furious and aggressive crowd is often called devaluing mobilization.

An example of it are at the 1. May in Berlin cross mountain alljählich road battles between the police and mostly juvenile adjacents resident, as well as autonomous ones stattfindenen. As characteristic of the excesses in cross mountain the water battle is to be called 2005. A further of examples are the Chaos Days in Hanover, as well as the road battles due to unresolved political, social and religious conflicts in Northern Ireland and the Palestinian autonomy areas. With the road battles at the edge of the G8-Gipfel in Genova 2001 the globalization critic Carlo Giuliani was shot by a policeman. Unresolved political, social and religious conflicts lead also in Northern Ireland and/or. in (Intifada) again and again to violent road battles.

Also the evacuation of houses or house block by the police often leads to heavy arguments of the Hausbesetzer with the order forces. As example of such a house evacuation those is to be called evacuation of the Mainzer road, which is considered as the largest police action in the Berlin of the post-war period.

Into France it came in nearly all large cities - in particular in the suburbs of Paris - in the year 2005 to violent excesses lasting for weeks of socially disadvantaged young person (Paris riots 2005). Likewise 2005 came it into Belize because of planned tax increases to heavy excesses (unrests into Belize 2005).


on sides of the order-keeping power are used with arguments with demonstrators into Germany above all batons, pepper spray, Tränengas and water throwers . In other countries the police uses among other things also rubber projectiles and shock shells .

The armament of the violent excess participants consists usually of stones, gasoline bomb, centrifuges, shoes with Stahlkappen, fire works and sticks.

Protection equipment is from both sides used. In addition count sign, helmets, gas masks and other body protection. In Germany it is demonstrator forbade itself with protective clothing or other protection equipment (passive armament) from the application of direct obligation by the police protecting. Likewise is it forbade the statement more difficult of the identity by disguise making (Vermummungsverbot). Both articles those the protection of the identity and such those the protection of the physical soundness serve mark the legislator pejorativ as protection weapons.

The police has SWAT teams for road battles, which purposeful actions from the covering of the readiness policemen implement against Gewaltätige and persons in groups of violent in many countries. In Germany it gives for such cases among other things the preservation of evidence and arrest units of the auxiliary police, the support command (Bavaria) and command to the federal police. At the Austrian police these tasks take over the employment units of the Landespolizeikommanden. In other countries also paramilitärische and military units are used.

see also

Commons: Road battle - pictures, videos and/or audio files

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