the traffic is the movement of persons and vehicles, taking place at the public roads, ways and places, (see also construction of roads and road).
On the other hand traffic causes many special and personal injuries (traffic deads and hurt). In Germany die approx. 6000 personsper year in the traffic, world-wide is there approx. 1,2 millions In 29 countries of the developed world came 2001 on 1 million inhabitant of 114 victims by traffic accidents.
Because of its high hazard potential the participation in the traffic is order-legally strongly reglementiert. The most important legal bases are the traffic law (StVG), road traffic regulations (StVO), the driving licence regulation (FeV) and the Motor Vehicles Regulations (StVZO).
The building load of roads as basis of the traffic is divided between federation, countries and municipalities. In some Lands of the Federal Republic also the districts are as road construction load carriers. Freeways alone are incumbent on the federal's building load, all different become the countriesand the municipalities (grundsätzlích the carriers of the road construction load are) assigned. The road and right of way are regularly national affair. The decision over the out or new building of federal highways, federal motorways, rail distances and water routes takes place on a long-term basis with the help of the so-called. Federal traffic route plan (BVWP).
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