|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 54° 18 ' N, 13° 05 ' O 54° 18 ' N, 13° 05 ' O
|height:||5 m and. NN|
|surface:||38.97 km ²|
|inhabitants:||58.708 (30. September 2005)|
|Population density:||1,506 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip codes:||18435, 18437, 18439|
|municipality key:||13 0 05 000|
|address of the city administration:|| PF 2145|
|mayor:||Harald Lastovka ( CDU|
The Hanseatic city Stralsund is a circle-free city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the north of Germany. The city is to a strait of the Baltic Sea because of the Strelasund , and due to its situation as gate to the island Rügen is designated. The old part of townheard since 2002 to the UNESCO - world cultural heritage with the title historical old parts of town Stralsund and Wismar.
Table of contents
landscapes, mountains, rivers
the cityis to a strait of the Baltic Sea because of the Strelasund . The geographical proximity to the island Rügen brought in the designation gate for it to the island Rügen . Stralsund lies likewise near the national park Vorpommer Boddenlandschaft.
The highest collection of the city is the Galgenberg at the western local entrance.
expansion of the city
the city covers approx. 39 km ², which makes Stralsund one of the dichtbesiedeltsten cities Mecklenburg Vorpommerns. The city possessed (andpossesses partially this very day) besides Ländereien in the closer environment as well as on the islands Rügen, Hiddensee and the island Ummanz. On the basis of the today's town centre, the old part of town, the surrounding became after the abolition of the fortress character of the city 1869Areas fast settles.
larger cities in the closer environment are grab forest, Barth and Ribnitz Damgarten as well as Rostock. Many of the smaller villages and cities in the periphery are after 1990 by influx of Stralsundern or in StralsundWorking one strongly grown, like z. B.Prohn or Negast.
the area of the Hanseatic city Stralsund is divided into following cities and quarters:
major item: History of the Hanseatic city Stralsund
Stralsund became in the year 1234 of the Rügen prince Witzlaw the municipal law after rust ocher and/or. Lübecker model lent. The area had been settled by Slawen,which also the slawischen city name avowedly (stral means arrow and/or. Tip of the spear, - sund explains itself from the obvious Strelasund).
The city became predominantly fast by settlers from Westphalia an important commercial town in the Baltic Sea area. As a member of the Hanse Stralsund woneconomic and political meaning and was soon approximately as powerful as Luebeck. Numerous military conflicts with the rulers of Denmark culminated 1371 in peacetime of Stralsund.
After the fall of the Hanse also Stralsunds took meaning for the tradeoff. Further however the city predominantly lived on the remote trade and close trade and shipbuilding.
In 19. Century came Stralsund to Prussia. As circle-free city Stralsund became in the following years as a component Neuvorpommerns part of the German Reich.
To 6. October 1944 was Stralsund a goal of a bomb attack by allied bombers, itan actual goal in Stettin not to approach knew. At this night over 800 civilian victims were counted, that damage historical old part of town strongly. At the 1. May 1945 engaged the Red Army almost combatless in Stralsund.
While the time of the GDR becamein the city establishes numerous disk's building settlements, which historical historic town centre came however. Economically the city lived particularly on shipbuilding on people-thrown, the ships for the Soviet Union in the Zehntagesrhytmus partly finished.
After the political turn 1989/1990 became in Stralsundnumerous old houses restores. Economically there were large challenges, which cause large problems in the structure-weak region.
street names and its meaning
the listing of the Stralsunder street names and its meaning clarifies also historical events and the change in the viewpoint.
the area of the today's city Stralsund became first by slawischen settlersinhabited. After the victory of the Danes over the slawischen princes on Rügen the Christianisierung began, whereby predominantly Christian settlers came from Westphalia into the area Stralsunds. In 13. Century come also Jews with the German immigrants to Stralsund. Mainlylive they in the Jew road designated after them, which is for the first time mentioned 1401.
the Swedish king permits 1757 again the settlement of Jews; these begin 1786 with the building of a synagog, to 30. March 1787 is geweiht.
Jewish buyers bring modern commercial ideas into the city: To 15. Those establish April 1852Brothers value home it “Manufactur Modewaren business” and build the first value home department store in Stralsund for 1875. Leonhard Tietz opens to 14. August 1879 a small shop and justified thereby later than “purchase yard” admitted company.
To 9. November 1938 is geplündert the Sysnagoge andburns out completely, with the bomb attack on Stralsund to 6. October 1944 is destroyed it and torn off 1950. 30 Jewish business is geplündert in the Pogromnacht. Since 1938 stateless people Jews are obligation-resettled. While 1933 still 134 persons to the Judentum profess themselves,there is 1939 only 62; most of the 72 pulled away as well as all still in the city Jew remained were brought into the National Socialist extermination camps and died there. Only two Stralsunder Jews survived the terror and returned.
After the Second World War belonged Stralsund to the socialist sphere of influence, accordingly took place also the education in the schools strictly kirchfern. So it is to be also explained that today the majority of the Stralsunder population professes itself to no religion. The strongestMunicipality place to EH gels, a minority professes itself to the catholicism.
No Jewish and no moslemische municipality exist. The few inhabitants of Islamic faith do not exercise their religion in a mosque .
into the 1920erYears already needed Stralsund because of foreseeable reaching of the allocation border of the Stralsunder of cemeteries new country. Planned was among other things the building of a central cemetery.
After the Verabschiedung of the Prussian „law over the regulation of different points of the municipality constitutional law “1927, also the dissolutionthe property goods planned, placed Stralsund the request for incorporation of small Kedingshagen, largely Kedingshagen, Grünthal, green hooves, free country, other yard one, Lüssow, long village with borrowing barrier lake and Pütter lake, largely Lüdershagen, again Lüdershagen, whom village, Zitterpennigshagen, Voigdehagen, Försterhof, Teschenhagen, Devin and the city ouple. Besidesshould the place old person-drive on Rügen in in common December to become, since the there beach and park already belonged to the city. This request, in which it went around a surface from 3.538 hectares, was granted only partly positively. By resolution of the head of the provincial government of21. Septembers 1928 became the city Stralsund in the long run „the whole property district Voigdehagen in a size of 297,85 hectares with approximately 93 inhabitants, the whole property district Devin in a size of 479,87 hectares with approximately 230 inhabitants, the northern part of theProperty district other yard one in a size of approximately 264.74 hectares with approximately 150 inhabitants, the whole property district of green hooves in a size of 405,61 hectares with approximately 157 inhabitants “assigned.
A component of the property district of green hooves were the farmsteads city ouple and Garbodenhagen and thoseGoods Grünthal and free country. Besides still parts of the goods long village, Lüssow and small Kordshagen were assigned to the city.
The again assigned surface of 1.781, 69 hectares brought approximately a duplication of the city. The delivery took place to 22. October 1928 in the Stralsunder City hall.
in the year 1989 reached the total population of the city Stralsund also over 75.000 their historical highest level. In the meantime the number of inhabitants sank however again strongly. Since the political turn the city has 1989/1990 because of the highUnemployment and the decline in the birthrate until 2005 of about 20,000 inhabitants lost.
The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it acts usually around estimations, afterwards over census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/orthe city administration. The data refer starting from 1843 to the “localpresent population”, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1966 to the “population at the place of the main dwelling”. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.
¹ census result
the citizenry Stralsunds consists of 42 delegates. Since the choice of 13.June 2004 builds itself as follows it up:
|A party||of seats|
|left wing party||10|
|single applicant 2||1|
|1||BfS and FDP form a parliamentary group community.|
|2||the single applicant MichaelAdomeit had received voices for two seats with the choice sufficiently; was there it however as a single candidate and not with a list started the won second voice during the allocation of seats was ignored. Thus became instead of 43 only 42Seats assign.|
The city (constituency number 5) consists of 68 Wahlkbezirken.
Details to the choice procedure and to legal regulations: Kreistag (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- Harald Lastovka (CDU)
- senator and 1. Deputy Hans -Jörg Vellguth
- senator and 2. Deputies Wolfgang Fröhling
a listing of the mayors and mayors find you here: List of the mayors and mayors of Stralsund.
coat of arms
the coat of arms Stralsunds shows a white on red reason and/or. silverHead of the arrow. This is to be due to the slawische origin of the name component “Stral”, which means “arrow”. The point is crowned by a cross.
More information in the article coat of arms Stralsunds.
maintains partnerships between cities the Hanseatic city Stralsund with the following citiesPartnership between cities:
- Pori in Finland since 1968
- Kiel in Schleswig-Holstein since 1987
- Stargard Szczeciński in Poland since 1987
- of vent play in Latvia since 1987
- Malmö in Sweden since 1991
- Svendborg in Denmark since 1992
- Trelleborg in Sweden since 2000
Culture and objects of interest
the old part of town of the Hanseatic city Stralsund inspires each year numerous visitors as well as their inhabitants. Since the reunification of Germany became in the entireCity the historical built volumes by the employment of private capital as well as substantial financial means from federation, land and municipality cashes as well as of donations reorganizes. Many houses were saved thereby from the purge. Today in particular the old part of town with many reorganized presents itselfCommunity centres, which captivate by detail loyalty at fronts, doors and windows. From 812 monument-protected houses alone 526 as single monument proven stand in the old part of town; of it 374 is reorganized, 65 is already reorganized at present (conditions: November 2004).
The city hall with its impressive Schaugiebel, which was because of the old person market, schmiegt itself to the Nikolaikirche and faced once also as indication of the self-confident unity of the Stralsunder citizensthe church. It belonged to the most important buildings of everyday of the north German brick gothic and was solemnly again-opened 2004 after an extensive reorganization.
Often with high private commitment aufwändig community centres with their typical Giebeln reorganized coin/shape the streetscape in the old part of town roads. Since that time the museum house in the monk route was reorganized with means of the German donation monument protection and offersas of Northern Europe most meaning original received community centres of the Hans time experiencing and understanding the history of seven centuries.
In the port outside of the range used for the goods traffic above all routistic needs are satisfied. Thus here the ships put after As well as Hiddensee off and old person-drive to round travels. The north mole loads yachts to the walk along hundreds in. Architecturally the port memory as well as the silhouette of the old part of town form a responding contrast to the prospect on the islands Rügen and Hiddensee. With that Bark Gorch Fock (I) lies besides a further routistic attraction in the port.
Three large medieval brick churches (Marienkirche, Nikolaikirche and Jakobikirche) witness from former size and power Stralsunds. Today the Jakobikirche is used exclusively as culture church, the twoother one at the old person market and/or.New market convenient churches further for services are used. From the tower of the Marienkirche at the new market a good panorama view is offered (see also picture above).
from the town-gates are onlythe knee by gate and the Kütertor receive. In the welfare spirit monastery once arms and patient were accommodated. Today all dwellings and houses are reorganized and the area load to a walk in. In the Johanniskloster are city archives, also find there regularlyCultural events instead of, like z. B. 打开空气Theateraufführungen。
The theatre building becomes from 2005 to2007 fundamentally reorganize, so that the performances at seven different places in Stralsund take place.
the German sea museum in the former Katharinenkloster is of Northern Germany usually-visited museum and offers views of the world of the water and its inhabitants. At present becomesas addition a Ozeaneum in the port establishes. The culture-historical museum shows exhibitions from history Pommerns etc.; besides is here the famous Hiddenseer gold decoration. Branches of the museums on the since cross-beam (Nautineum), the port island (sea worlds and Kurzweil and knowledge offer to the Darss (Natureum).
Under construction is at present the Ozeaneum Stralsund, which is to be opened 2007.
outstanding certifications architecturefrom centuries the three parish churches are pc. Marien, pc. Nikolai and pc. Jakobi. Beside the Sakralbauten innumerable important buildings are received, which witness from the former power of the citizens of the commercial town Stralsund, like the city hall or the Wulflamhaus.
Closer information to important buildings and places Stralsunds finds you in a separate article.
during the old part of town Stralsunds out historically caused reasons few green exhibits, became after the Entfestung in 19. Century some plantsto the local recreation put on. An example is along the Strelasund - bank leading Sundpromenade. Also the Stralsunder of cemeteries became in 20. Century to plants with a park-similar character transforms.
in sporty area possesses Stralsund a long andsuccessful weight jack tradition. The sportsmen of the current TSV 1860 Stralsund (in former times: BSG engine Stralsund) achieved titles and medals with many national ( last German master 2005) and international matches. To mention would be and. A. Jürgen Heuser and Andreas Behm. The sports facility of the TSV 1860 Stralsund, section Gewichtheben, was defined by the federation as olympia base and is accordingly financially supported.
After strong times of the football crew of the ASG forward of Stralsund into the 1960er to 1980er years in the first and second GDR league, football in Stralsund is to be seen only fünftklassig in the federation league Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, in thatthe fiber plastic Pommern Stralsund plays.
Are more successful the sportsmen MC north star Stralsund, which in the first Speedway - federal league their rounds turn.
The Rollstuhlbasketballer of the sports association medicine Stralsund takes at the play enterprise of the 2. Federal league part.
- boiling stone days: Each summer take place the boiling stone days , a medieval pageant in honours of the defense of the Wallenstein' FE storage Stralsunds 1628.
- Sundschwimmen: Of old person-drive (island Rügen) to Stralsund over 2,3 km becomes thereby the Strelasund of up to1,000 participants durchschwommen.
- Mittwochsregatta: While the sail season weekly Segelregatta with yard-tick - valuation. Start at the north mole with port entrance.
- Sundstock open air
the buyer and fishmonger Karl Wiechmann invented one in StralsundKind of sourly inserted herring, which it called in honours and with express permission of chancellor at that time Bismarckhering. The original prescription possesses a fishmonger, who offers original until Mark herring in its restaurant since the year 2003 again.
economics and infrastructure
- Baltic Sea motorway A 20 from direction Rostock and Luebeck as well as Berlin and/or. after Szczecin with feeder federal highway 96n to the motorway departure Stralsund
- federal highway 105 from direction Rostock (A 24 /19 from Berlin and/or. Hamburg)
- federal highway 194 from direction Grimmen (A 20 Luebeck, Szczecin)
- federal highway 96 from direction mountains (island Rügen) and/or. New Brandenburg and Berlin (to grab forest federal highway 96 and federal highway 96a)
- air (airport): Barth at the federal highway B105 (20 km) or Laage at the motorway A 19 (90 km) and the airfield Stralsund
- of cycle tracks:
- Cycle path along the German avenue road
- Baltic Sea coastal cycle track
in Stralsund the Baltic Sea newspaper (OZ) with its own expenditure for restaurant (“Stralsunder newspaper” appears). Besides free newspapers exist like the “Stralsunder indicator” (belongs to the OZ and thus to the Axel Springer publishing house), the “Stralsunder lightning” (belongs to the lightning publishing house) and the “Sundecho”(with “old part of town echo”).
The public broadcast of the NDR as well as private stations like “antenna Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania” and “Baltic Sea wave” are to be received by antenna.
industry and trade
Stralsund depend as city in the surface country Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania mainly on the tourism. This forms the basis among other things for numerous restaurants and accommodating (in the year 2003 294,079 overnight accomodation became onlyin mechanisms with more than eight beds counted), museums, a large leisure time swimming pool, yacht center, ferry service and much more besides.
Beside this tourism industry GmbH, a steeped in tradition representative of shipbuilding , exists in of them in Stralsund as the most important industrial company people-threwSurrounding field various metal building contractors as well as smaller boat shipyards settled.
The German old age pension insurance federation established an agency with today to 1999 (at that time still as a Federal Labour Office) (conditions: April 2006) approx. 1,450 woman employees andAnd belongs to coworkers thereby to the largest employers of the region.
A professional school offers 2004/2005 over 2.900 studying training in engineering sciences, natural sciences, on the right of, economics in the academic yearand social sciences as well as special courses of studies such as Baltic management among other things
Stralsund is seat of a district court and the regional court.
The German old age pension insurance federation employs 1999 in a finished complex 1,450 woman employees and coworker.
The Federal Navy maintains inParow a naval technique school.
humans, who carried special out for the city, is lent in Stralsund for the duration of the lifetime the honour citizenry.
- Professor. Dr. Gottfried Kiesow - member of the German donation monument protection, since 2. December 2004
- Käthe Rieck † - former chief of the sea museum, since 14. December 1995
- Hartmut Olejnik - former director of the Stralsunder Tierparks, since 8. May 1995
- Erich Kliefert † - painters, since 20. June 1993
- Professor. Dr. Harsh ore Ewe † - director of the Stralsunder Stadtarchives, since 20. June 1984
- Professor. Dr. Otto Scholz - physician, since 4. June 1981
- count Carl Reinhold of meals †, since 24. July 1928
- Ernst August Friedrich Gronow †, since 6. December 1924
- Dr. Paul Langemak †, since 5. June 1912
- Dr. Heinrich Kruse (1815 - 1902) - journalist and writer, since 15. December 1895
- Dr. Karl Heinrich of Boetticher †, since 30. January 1890
- count Ulrich von Behr Negendank †, since 6. June 1890
- count Carl Reinhold of Krassow †, since 31. March 1869
- baron Carl von Krassow †, since 15. March 1854
mayor and mayor
oneListing of the mayors and the mayor find you here:List of the mayors and mayors of Stralsund.
further ones important personalities of the city
are specified here only some humans, who with Stralsund in connection - is it,that they were born in Stralsund and became famous, is it that they created meaning as friends of the city.
You find an enumerating in the list Stralsunder personalities.
- Ferdinand of Schill (1776 - 1809) - Prussian major
- God-dear Friedrich Christian Mohnicke (1781 - 1841) - minister and writer
- Hermann K. Burmeister (1807 - 1892) - biologist and explorer
- Dr. Rudolf Baier (1818 - 1907) - director of museum and librarian
- Franziska Tiburtius (1843 - 1927) - lady doctor
- Leonhard Tietz(1849 - 1914) - buyer, founder the later purchase yard AG
- George value home, Franz value home, William value home and wolf value home † - buyers, founders of the value home company
of Ricarda Huch comes the utterance “sea city is Stralsund,by the sea produced, the sea similarly, on the sea it is referred in its feature and in their history. “
- harsh ore Ewe: The old Stralsund - culture history of a Baltic Sea city, Weimar 1994, ISBN 3-7400-0881-4
- refuge Auerbach: Fortressand naval garrison Stralsund, Hinstorff publishing house, ISBN 3-35600-835-8
- Angela Pfotenhauer, Elmar Lixenfeld: Wismar and Stralsund - world inheritance. Monumente edition. Monumente publication of the German donation monument protection, Bonn 2004, ISBN 3-936942-55-2 or ISBN 3-936942-56-0
Web on the left of
|Commons: Stralsund -Pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- http://www.stralsund-album.de (private homepage)
- http://www.stralsund-city.de (private homepage)
- http://www.stralsund4kids.de/ child city leader
- http://www.strelasundquerung.de/ the 2. Strelasundquerung - the new „gate after Rügen “
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