Music instruments

belong to caper instrument the caper instruments to the stringed instruments, are, with which the hand, a staff, caper elbow or caper wheel the oscillation of the strings in the Darüberstreichen by jerk sliding, which stick slip effect causes.

Table of contents

function mode

the jerk sliding, the stick slip effect with the caper instrument functioned in such a way: By roughness and tackness of the caper elbow or Streichrades the string clings to it (stick) and with the caper movement is along-pulled, thereby when paintingbecomes strained the string. As soon as the increasing tension of the string is stronger than the adhesion, the string separates and snaps back (slip). The break in the string, resulted from stretching, moves now regularly between the ends thatswinging string back and forth and produces by it the clay/tone.

This procedure resembles in principle with the Anzupfen the string. When painting it snapped back however by the constantly by-painting caper elbow or the Streichrad immediately repeated if the string, totoo several hundreds times per second, thus a continuous clay/tone develops.

Around an appropriate friction too is received with the caper elbow that particularly roughens Pferdehaar used and on caper elbow and Streichrad rosin, a sticky tree resin product, laid on. More to the caper elbow under Elbow.


of caper instruments such as Fidel and Rebec are in Europe since that 11 at least. Century admits. At least with the Rebec thereby the Arab origin of the instrument (Rebab) is to be proven surely. From the Fiedel and thatRebec developed in 15. and 16. Century the Violen and Gambenfamilie.

The Drehleier is since that 10. Century documents, also in the Renaissance and in 18. Jhdt. likes was.

In public and private collections are instrumentsof large playing the violin farmers, of Antonio Stradivari and other large masters 18. Century up to Vuillaume in 19. Century.

Caper instruments in China, which are summarized under the term Huqin, have a still longer history.

instrument types

Today in the European classical and contemporary music common caper instruments are:Violin, Viola, Violoncello, retort bass. A Unikum remains the 1855 in France Oktobass developed.

Historical caper instruments, which uses for the performance of old European music increasingly againbecome are in particular Fiedel, Gambe, Rebec (Rubeba), Trumscheit, Drehleier, Viola d'amore.

To caper instruments with resonance strings belong to Baryton, Viola d'amore, Lira there Gamba, Drehleier, Lira there Braccio.

Caper instruments, inRange Folk and European traditional music to be used are in particular violin (violin, Fiddle), retort - a special form of the Viola, Violoncello, Bassettl, retort bass, Drehleier, Gudok in Russia, Gudulka in Bulgaria. Particularly in thatScandinavian traditional music come to it also Nyckelharpa in its different forms, Hardangerfiedel, Viola d'amore.

In 17. , 18. and 19. Century came at dance hours the Pochette (in boat form) and the dance master violin (a violin in partly classical form, but smallKorpus) to the employment. The instruments have a bright and weak sound.

With keys out-permitted mechanical caper pianos are to be likewise assigned to this group.

The Chinese caper instruments are summarized under the term Huqin. This concerns in and zweisaitige play the violin, those and.A. the backbone of the orchestra in the Peking opera represent; this concerns Erhu, Gaohu, Zhonghu, Gehu and bass Gehu, which have however regionally different meaning.

Regarding Japan the dreisaitige Kokyu is to be mentioned.

The Rebab is a caper instrument inthe Arab culture. Also in the Gamelanorchester in Indonesia caper instruments are used.


Urs Frauchiger, the own clay/tone, Ammann publishing house 2000, ISBN 3250300039 - exciting interviews with famous Streichern

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Caper instrument -Word origin, synonyms and translations

text to the Pyhsik of the painted string (in English)


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)