Stub ape

stub ape
coat ape (Colobus guereza)
systematics
Order: Primaten (Primates)
subordination: Drying nose ape (Haplorhini)
partial order: Old world ape (Catarrhini)
family: Long-tailed monkey-related (Cercopithecidae)
Unterfamilie: Slim and stub ape (Colobinae)
tri bus: Stub ape
scientific name
Colobini
Jerdon, 1867
kinds

the stub apes are a generic's group from the Primatenfamilie of the long-tailed monkey relatives (Cercopithecidae). Their name they have of „mutilated “thumbs, which from biological view no mutilating, but an adjustment is natural to its tree-inhabiting way of life. ThoseGroup divides into three kinds with approximately 15 kinds.

Table of contents

spreading

the homeland of the stub apes is west, central and East Africa, their circulation areais enough south from Senegal to Kenya and to Angola and Zambia.

description

stub ape are relatively large, slim built animals with a long tail and thin, long member masses. Their heads are not rather small and round and them have cheek bags. The thumbthe stub apes is backformed, an adjustment to the tree-inhabiting way of life, which is in similar way also with the clammy tail apes of South America not used more near. The skin colouring varies depending upon kind.

Lebensweise

Der Lebensraum der Stummelaffen sind vorwiegend Wälder, meist Regen- und Mangrovenwälder, sometimes in addition, tree-covered grass countries. There is day-active animals, which mostly are in the trees. Stub apes live together in groups, whereby the group behavior is different depending upon kind.

food

stub apes nourish themselves primarily of sheets, besides they takealso fruits and blooms to itself. They possess a vierkammerigen stomach, whereby the upper two chambers serve the fragmentation of the cellulose as „fermenting chambers “with special bacteria; only after it the before-digested food comes into the lower stomachs, where it is continued to decompose, before it into thatIntestine further-moves. This digesting system is an adjustment to the nutrient-poor sheet food and is in similar form also with the Wiederkäuern.

reproduction

the carrying time amounts to approximately five to six months, afterwards usually a young animal comes to the world. With the black-and-white stub apesworry the females about the new generation, with both the other kinds are alone for the raising of the boys responsible together the nut/mother. Young animals become sex ripe after three to four years (females) and/or four to six years (males).

threat

main threat of the stub apeson the one hand the hunt for its meat and skin are, on the other hand the loss of their habitat by Rodung of the forests. Making more difficult that some kinds in crisis-vibrated countries of west and Central Africa live, pushed in those the animal protection is added toward wars and humanitarian tragedies completely into the backgroundbecomes. Nearly all kinds are endangered of the IUCN as or listed threatened.

the kinds

particularly regarding the skin colouring are differentiated three kinds:

literature

  • Thomas Geissmann: Comparative Primatologie, Springer publishing house 2002, ISBN 3540436456
  • Ronald M. Nowak: Walker's Mammals OF the World. John Hopkins University press, 1999 ISBN 0801857899
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)