a Subsistenzwirtschaft a restaurant form called, which is aligned usually in smaller, regional units to the self-sufficiency and development of living costs, however by no means in itself selfly-sufficient to be must. The aspect of cross-linking plays an importantRole.
Among the Subsistenzwirtschaft rank the operation from agriculture and cattle breeding to purposes of the self-sufficiency, in addition, complex (out) exchange relations with goods and abilities/services. This is to be attributed less to a lack of marketing opportunities, than rather a value model, in that the goal of productionnot in money/capital actually lies, but in the supply of all vitally necessary one. In the context of the Subsistenzwirtschaft also all factors of production become after possibility, how provide or produce tools and seeds.
Subsistenzwirtschaften are a phenomenon global which can be found.In Europe there were to in 19. Century Subsistenzwirtschaft. Their fall began with the industrialization of production and employer-employee relationships. Subsistente restaurant economics kept however until today in the form of shadow economy. In the gross national products of the countries they are not seized.Particularly in the agrarian coined/shaped countries of Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa and Latin America originate however up to 80% of the bases of life of the rural population still from Subsistenzproduktion.
A large part of the woman's work still belongs to the sphere of the Subsistenzwirtschaftand therefore by the dominant political economy one does not seize. Above all the Ökofeminismus investigated and consciousness for the meaning of this economic sector to wake tried the influence and family-supplying work on the national economy. Well-known Ökofeministinnen is Maria Mies and Vandana Shiva.
On the search for alternatives to „the destructive “, growth oriented restaurant ways of capitalism and socialism became Subsistenzansätze for the 1960er years world-wide again more popular. Here particularly Rudolf Bahro has by books and practical experimentsMeaning attains.
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- Subsistenz - parting from the economic calculation - introductory basic text