a suffix (n, v. lat. suffixum ‚on, plug-on `) is even however not an affix, which serves for formations of word forms or from derivatives to a basic word , attached to the word trunk, as reason morpheme is suited.
Table of contents
In the German languages there are different categories of Suffixen:
- Diminutivsuffixe (reduction form)
- high German: - flax (Männlein), - chen (males), in Southern Germany also - erl
- Alemannisch: - le (Spätzle) in the Swabian one (here can also in contrast to the remaining German linguistic area other kinds of word to be made smaller (jetzele), - left (Verhüterli) into the of Baden one and Swiss German)
- - l in Bairi (Lüngerl)
- - el in the Thuringian-upperSaxonian (Mäusel)
- - la and - le in the Frankish one (Kliessla, digs)
- Niederdeutsch: - tje, - ever (Manntje, Meisje) in the Netherlands, and Ostfriesi flat, - ke, - ken (Manneke, Mäken) in the Flämi, Westfäli and Ostfäli
- - lich (male of man, womanlike of woman, domestic of house), Niederdeutsch: - lijk (Netherlands), - lik (of Lower Saxony)
- - isch (zänkisch of quarrel, Swabian of Schwabe and Swabia, hessian of Hessian and Hessen, Norwegian of Norwegian and Norway)
- - industrial union (actively of (itself) agitate, geschäftig of business)
- of sex determining Suffixe
- high German and upper-German dialects: female suffix - in (dog, Schaffnerin, cook)
- Niederdeutsch: female suffix - sche and - sch (Köök, Börgermeestersch)
- de northof Lower Saxony: Collective suffix, that among other things Nouns from verbs forms, e.g. Joy too are pleased to build buildings .
- Suffixe from foreign words:
- Flexionssuffixe (called in German usually endings):
also in place names play Suffixe an important role.They e.g. form location designations. from plant name (Eschede “ash place”, Fehrbellin “pasture place” too slawisch verbs “pasture”) or inhabitant name from family names (e.g. Göppingen “at the people of the Geppo”). Patronyme Suffixe give referring to the name of the founder or an important person inPlace name (patron), e.g. Rochlitz to the slawischen first name Rochol, Jülich (< Juliacum) after Julius Caesar. An important part of these Ortsnamensuffixe are originally no Suffixe, since it actually concerns thereby etyma, also aloneare wordable (e.g.- live, - home, - to yard) in each case form and with the front name part ( the regulation word ) Composita (compositions). Since they however in the course of history up to the indiscernibility were often sanded (z. B. - home too - em, - EN, - over)they are from Suffixen partially. to differentiate no more, so that in many cases only the oldest documentary vouchers permit a safe allocation.
See also: Major item place name
in computer science becomes the term suffix for oneto a word attached character sequence uses, for example for file endings, the type of file indicates („“, „y.exe “x.txt…), see also post office fixed.
Terms in the connection
- the definition of the term word in theoretical computer science.
- the higher data structures suffix tree and Suffix array as index for (large) texts
- Ethan: the suffix - on, which concerns it a satisfied hydrocarbon, the trunk indicates Eth indicates that it concerns a hydrocarbon with two carbon atoms.
- Ethen: the suffix - EN indicates that between both carbon atoms a double bond exists
- Ethin: thatSuffix - in a triple bond indicates.
- Ethanol: the suffix - oil to the suffix - aluminium indicates that a hydroxyl group is present and the material is an alcohol.
- Ethanal: the suffix - aluminium indicates a Carbonylgruppe of an aldehyde.
- Ethansäure: the suffix - acid a group of carboxyls indicates , the material is the carbonic acid derived from the Ethan (trivial name: Acetic acid).
- xxx ID: Chloride,
- xxx it: Sulfite
- xxx races: An enzyme
- xxx RK: Chlorate, sulfate
- xxx to: Acesulfam
- xxx aldehyde acetaldehyde
- xxx on: Acetone
- xxx eye: Fructose
- xxx ium: an element
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