Suite (music)

a Suite (of frz. suivre = follow) are in the music a cycle of instrument aluminum or orchestral compositions, which is played in a given succession without longer tracing. In the second half 17. Century was established beside it the name Partita, in 18. Century Suiten were called also Ouvertüre.

Renaissance

Etienne you Tertre used the expression for the first time 1557 for its suyttes de bransles, those, as at that time usually, of pairs of dances existed. The first recognizable Suite is 1611 Paul Peuerls Newe Padouan, Intrada, Dantz, and Galliarda, in which the four dances in ten Suiten, specified in the title, appear. The Banchetto of musicals of Johann Hermann light (1617) contains twenty successions of in each case five different dances.

baroque

in the baroque music are the unique pieces of a Suite usually genuine or representative dances and mostly stand in the same kind of clay/tone. Sometimes the connection is manufactured apart from the common kind of basic clay/tone also by substance community between the individual records. The Suite developed in 17. Century in France and existedfrom the succession

Allemande - Courante - Sarabande - Gigue

- whereby the Gigue later than the others emerges. Variations of this succession were naturally always possible. It became usual, before the locking Gigue further sentences such as Menuett, Gavotte, Bourrée, Passepied etc. in pairsto push in and the entire Suite a Ouvertüre as opening set place in front. In this form it as „Ouvertüren Suite “or simply only to Ouvertüre particularly with German composers one liked.

George Philipp Telemann is to have written about 1000 Orchestersuiten, from which 200 is received. From Johann Sebastian brook comefour Orchestersuiten, French the Suiten (without Ouvertüre), English Suiten and Partiten for Cembalo as well as several Suiten for Violoncello, violin and flute. George Friedrich trade used the form for its water music and fireworks music and wrote twenty-two Suiten for Cembalo.

With the end of the baroque agearound 1750 the Suite came from the mode, v. A. the symphony stepped to its place as complex orchestra music.

romance

in 19. Century became the term „Suite “for an uncoupling of instrument when corroding from an opera or a ballet (z. B. „Nussknackersuite “) uses,- in more or less multicolored consequence - either by the composer or by an editor one made. In the time of the Operette the individual pieces were completely transferred ever more rarely and connected with transitions, so that the Potpourri developed - a form, thosein the today's Medley still lives. By composers such as Grieg, Sibelius or Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski the term for a succession of smaller pieces one used, which were connected by a common topic.

See also: Historical dance

 

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