Sulzbach Rosenberg

coat of arms map
Das Stadtwappen von Sulzbach-Rosenberg Sulzbach-Rosenberg
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Bavaria
governmental district: Upper Palatinate
district: Amberg Sulzbach
surface: 53.19 km ²
inhabitants: 20.750 (30. June 2004)
Population density: 392 Einwohner/km ²
height: 388-567 m and. NN
postal zip code: 92237
preselection: 09661
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 30'N, 11° 45 ' O
49° 30 ' N, 11° 45 ' O
Kfz characteristics: AS
of official municipality keys: 09 3 71 151
address of the city administration: Luitpoldplatz 25
92237 Sulzbach Rosenberg
Website: www.sulzbach-rosenberg.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Gerd Geismann (SPD)

the city Sulzbach Rosenberg is appropriate for about 50 kmeast of Nuremberg in the district Amberg Sulzbach in Bavaria (Germany). The city developed 1934 from the pool of the city Sulzbach and the municipality rose mountain and was until 1972 district town of the circle of the same name.

Table of contents

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Geografie [

work on] because of the east edge of the Frankish Alb. The center lies increased to rock. Underneath the city flows the rose brook, which flows before Amberg into the Vils.

city arrangement

the city extends in west east direction; in the west the city center,the quarters Sulzbach, in the east the quarters rose mountain.

history

Stadtteil Sulzbach
quarter Sulzbach

until recently was considered the year 1024 as date of the town foundation: after the legend count Gebhard satisfied his thirst at one of the numerous sources at the foot of the lock rock after a hunt accident and decided to create here a city.

New archaeological finds refer to an earlier settling, to in 8. Century back is enough. Already in 10. Century was Sulzbach with its castle one of the political centers baierischen north gau.

In 9. Century already existing buildings on the today's castle area becamein the future extends, then a castle chapel and an octagonal apartment tower developed.

The counts von Sulzbach resided here starting from that to 11. Century into the year 1188. On a high dolomite rock grew the city. Count Gebhard I. from Kastl is pleased around thatYear 1025 on this steep rock height a castle and called it after the brook there-flowing deeply in the valley Sulzbach. The dwellings of the Dienstmannen and body-own put on around this castle Gebhards son Beringar I. moved. with walls and towers. It lent to the city developed in such a way itsown coat of arms, 6 white lilies in red field. After with Gebhard II. the line of the counts von Sulzbach had become extinct, arrived the counts von Hirschberg at the rule. As their last branch Gebhard VII. its possessions to the dukes Rudolf and Ludwig bequeathed (1305), camethe city to the Wittelsbacher.

The city attained IV. under Karl., the 1349 a daughter of the Pfalzgrafen heiratetete, between 1353 and 1373 as capital of Neuböhmen greater importance. Came the city their traffic-favorable situation at the golden road in such a way specified of Nurembergto Prague as well as the rich Bodenschätze (iron ore) of benefit.

Karl IV. made itself earned around the city. It extended the church, increased the military walls, enriched the hospital and promoted the mining industry. But its son Wenzel pawned the county at Bavaria. Through the land guardian succession war went it 1582 as principality at the Wittelsbacher Ottheinrich I. Pfalzgraf of new castle. To Ottheinrichs death came the principality to its brother Philipp Ludwig. Its second son August became the head of the pfalz sulzbachischen house. With cure prince Karl Theodor expired the Sulzbacher line of the house Wittelsbach. Lastthe lock was inhabited of the Pfalzgräfin Franziska Maria Dorothea (great-grandmother of prince regent Luitpold).

A further bloom time deeply felt Sulzbach under the Pfälzi line of the house Wittelsbach.Es belonged after 1504 to the “jungpfälzischen” duchy Pfalz Neuburg, from 1656 to 1790 was the city capital of the principality Pfalz Sulzbach, which had come out from the 1614 formed pfalz neuburgischen partial rule Sulzbach. Since 1644 governing Pfalzgraf the Christian August introduced 1652 the “Simultaneum”, those at that time to Germany nearly singular equalization of catholics and Lutheranern.

The close Anna mountain, to that a shade-rich avenue alsoUp leads cross stations and on its summit Christian August 1656 to the memory of its crossing to the catholic church one the Hl. Anna geweihte chapel to build left, offers a comprehensive remote view on the Fichtelgebirge and the Böhmerwald.

Under Christian August to 1708 of lasting rule those becamel'einem de zu de Residenz de kleine kulturellen Zentrum von europäischem Rang. It granted also large faith liberty and equal rights to the Jews. During in neighbouring areas either already since the Middle Ages no more Jews however even still lived or in 17. Century Jewish inhabitants drove themselves out, could inSulzbach and other places of the Fürstentumes (raft, pastures) again important Jewish municipalities form. Sulzbach was promoted to one of most important Jewish print locations of Europe and remained this in 19. Century inside.

1729 were put on the beautiful avenue of the city. 1791 loosened the cure prince Karl Theodorthe seat of the government with residence in Sulzbach up. The principality came to the Bavarian province upper Pfalz. 1807 went the residence lock through purchase into the possession of the Kommerzialrats J. E. of Seidel over. This saved it from the purge and created „the calendar for catholic Christians “.1822 put a devastating city fire a third of the old part of town in debris and ash. 1850 became Sulzbach garrison town and remained it until 1942. 1859 held the railway age in the city introduction. The east course from Nuremberg to Regensburg was opened. 1862 went the lock again into government propertyover and became the institute for woman detention. Around 1900 the city received river and a central water supply.

Beginning 19. Century lived in the city Sulzbach approximately 350 Jews, which corresponded to a portion of approximately 15 per cent with a number of inhabitants of approximately 2,300 (every now and then for theseTime Jewish population portion mentioned of 30 per cent is based on outdated data.). Starting from the 1850er years however numerous Jews from Bavaria emigrated and concomitantly from Sulzbach, because the Bavarian government the freedom of trade and address for Jewish inhabitants reglementierte in restrictive way. 1861 were itwith these restrictions past, and the Jews were now also in Bavaria equal. But the drift of the Jews continued to go still out of Sulzbach, whereby now economic reasons were decisive and larger, industrially rising cities such as Nuremberg or also Amberg the goals of the migrants.1875 was counted in the 4.200-Einwohner-Stadt Sulzbach still 164, 1890 of still 101 inhabitants of mosaischen confession (with 5000 inhabitants) and until 1925 the Jewish population of the city on 17, until 1933 on 9 persons had shrunk. After the memories of the Jewish time witness Charlotte stone Pick was Antisemitismusnot to feel in the Sulzbach of the “Weimar time”; the last Jews enjoyed attention with their Christian fellow citizens. But under the pressure of the Jew-hostile policy of the LV regime also the last Sulzbacher Jew to 1937 left the city, predominantly toward the USA. 1936 separated the Israeli tablesMunicipality up; the synagog fell to a symbolic “purchase price” to the city, which furnished a museum there. After the war the city administration had to however again give the old place of worship up. Since the synagog was not no more needed for religious purposes, it became from the trust place forearlier Jewish property JRSO at the beginning of the 1950er years to private individuals sells.


Ehrenmal über Rosenberg
Honour mark over rose mountain

the development of the city was coined/shaped by mining industry and steelmaking, which nourished long time the majority of the population. Above all 1853 the created steel plant to max hut in the neighbouring rose mountain brought economic upswing.1934 fused the mining industry and hut municipality rose mountain with the city Sulzbach on pressure of the national socialists (in particular the NSDAP Kreisleiters Paul Arendt); 1935 were exceeded with the forced affiliation of the municipality large talking nonsense yard the 10000-Einwohner-Marke.

To the end 2. World war the quarters rose mountain was bombarded, the quarters Sulzbachfrom US tanks fired at and taken. Over 11.000 refugees of homeland came to the war to Sulzbach Rosenberg.

Through the pool of the districts Amberg and Sulzbach in the context of the Bavarian regional reorganization 1972 important authorities were lost to the city (district administration office, district court, balance office, public health authorities, veterinary centre, office for agriculture and national education office). Further dramaticChanges the omission of approximately 1000 jobs brought by the fall of the mining industry and locking of the last ore pit acorn mountain (1977) as well as by the end of the steelmaking. Already, those as only large-scale enterprise Sulzbach Rosenbergs appeared 1987 with the bankruptcy of the max hut to weddings alone4,000 work places offered. The locking 2002 set then finally the point of conclusion.

The city tried from the beginning to adjust with high expenditure the being omitted jobs from the mono structure of the mining industry by settlement of new enterprises which today only partly succeeded however until. One regularly over that thatThis makes neighboring country circles lying unemployment ratio clear.

inhabitant development

into the 1990er years rose the number of inhabitants, among other things owing to the influx of evacuees, who have in the meantime scarcely 15% portion of the population. In the last years the number of inhabitants sank however again, probably by thoseEffects of the locking of the max hut.

1999 21,063

2001 21,162

2003 20,868

2004 20,750

2005 20,702


coats of arms

the Sulzbacher Stadtwappen consists of six white heraldischen lilies in a red sign. The coat of arms of the old counts von Kastl Sulzbach is the city of countBerengar I. lent by Sulzbach (1080 - 1125) its. In the coat of arms of the district the coat of arms takes Amberg Sulzbach right top.

partnerships between cities

  • a partnership between cities with Maintenon exists in France.

sponsorship

  • 1957 took over the city Sulzbach Rosenbergthe sponsorship for the inhabitants of the city and the circle Rumburg in the Sudetenland, which did not express itself against an occupation of Czechoslovakia by the national socialists and therefore due to the Benesch decrees 1945 were expropriated and driven out.

Sponsorship for 10. Mine hunter class 332 M1062 “Sulzbach Rosenberg”.

culture and objects of interest

Rathaus
city hall
Maxhütte
max hut

museums

  • first Bavarian school museum
  • city museum

of buildings

  • lock Sulzbach (buildings of forerunners starting from that 9. Century)
  • gothical city hall
  • historical old part of town
  • city parish church “pc. Marien "
  • pilgrimage church “pc. Anna "
  • integrated stealing and metallurgical plant thatNew max hut

culture

of supraregional importance is that 1977 on initiative of walter Höllerer created literature archives Sulzbach Rosenberg.

Since March 2005 the world record Osterbrunnen with 16.500 eggs is in Sulzbach Rosenberg.

The city Sulzbach Rosenberg had with the ensemble of the max hut a uniqueindustrialhistorical monument, its roots until far in 19. Century hand. The outstanding meaning of the plant resulted among other things from the fact that two of the world-wide highest performance piston steam engines were there, which only still OBM converter existing in Germany (see:For steel) stood and still another blast furnacewith Setzkübelbegichtung existed. Beyond that the max hut permitted the demonstration of the entire production process from the iron ore to the finished steel section on relatively close area to its kind as last plant.

A further object of interest is the protected area in the local part large crease.

economics and infrastructure

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Public mechanisms

with the regional reorganization were shifted almost all administrative mechanisms into the circle-free neighbour city Amberg. 1990 were opened a state of training place for the auxiliary police. Sulzbach Rosenberg is also location of the professional school for public administration and justice/specialist area police. In this “factory of the commissioners” those becomefuture officials of the elevated Polizeivollzugsdienstes for the northBavarian area trained.

spare time

the forest bath lain in the quarter rose mountain (an open-rir swimming pool) was heated until 2002 with long-distance heating of the max hut.

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