Surakarta (colloquially usually solo one called) is a city in the south of Indonesia in central Java in the province Jawa Tengah at the river solo one with 606.700 inhabitants. It is appropriate for about 90 m over Normalnull. Surakarta applies for javanischer culture beside Yogyakarta as a center and may be designated today as that city, be still most strongly away-worked into the old höfischen traditions.
In Surakarta mechanical engineering exists -, to textile, furniture, cigarette and food industry. Besides there is Färbereien and it becomes clay/tone goods, Holzschnitzereien and music instruments (see. Gamelan) manufactured. The city serves rice, Zuckerrohr , india rubber , grain , Maniok and Indigo , which are cultivated in the surrounding fruitful level as market place for. The city is road and rail traffic knot.
The palace plant of the Sunans (king) of Surakarta, the Kraton or Kasunanan, surrounded by walls , which - typically for an then-asiatic palace plant, is well received - covers beside the actual yard also spacious housing estates for the numerous officials and members of the ruler family. The Kraton became in 18. Century of the adjacent Kartasura to its current seat at the river Bengawan solo one shifts. Somewhat later the junior yard Mangkunegaran developed due to dynastischer arguments is received likewise good and possesses one the most beautiful Pendhapa of Java. The Mangkunegaran is among other things for his Gamelan and dance tradition admits. As ruin the Netherlands away Vastenburg is received from 1779 at the northeast side of the Kraton. An interesting museum javanischer culture is the Radya Pustaka, which is at the south side of the main street Selamat Riyadi a scarce kilometer west the Kratons. In its proximity also the entertainment park Sri Wedari is, to that among other things also one of the most well-known Wayang Orang theatres of Indonesia accommodates.
See also: Surakarta (play)