Sutra

Hinduisti writings

a Sutra (Sanskrit, n., सूत्र, sūtra, wörtl.: “Thread”, manual; Pali, sūtta, training speech) is a scarcely formulated manual, which shows most important contents in few words.

Table of contents

to Hinduismus

the oldest Indian texts were verbally delivered. Despite exzellenter mnemonic methods one looked for the extensive at that time for possibilities, no longer only of delivering complete texts to tradieren but to a certain extent by giving up the outside form only the most important. For this purpose one compressed the most important into key word-like sentences. Contents are often today because of the shortness not completely easily understandable. For the pupils at that time the Sutren represented a kind memory aid, it received at the same time detailed verbal explanations.

Its most consistent development found the Suez RA style at school the Grammatiker, in particular with Panini, which stated complete systematics of the Sanskrit on few sides. From the Grammatiker Patanjali comes the utterance, if a Suez RA author can save a half, short syllable, is so lucky it, as if it a son was born.

Nearly all philosophical systems (Darshanas) of the older time found its arrangement in the form of Sutren. To the Sutren an extensive comment literature is delivered, which offer summaries of the original texts in each case.

Buddhismus

the buddhistische teachings in the first centuries of their spreading essentially through Suez-race, conveyed by pupils verbally spread and later noted training speeches of the Buddha, whose early developments in three large collections are present: the Pali canon, the Chinese San Tsang (Taisho Revised Tripitaka), the Tibetan Kangyur.

Often the Buddha in these training speeches, which always circle around a certain topic, turns to a group of monks. A situativer entrance (“in such a way I heard: The raised one stayed at a time in the game park of Isipatana with Varanasi. There now the raised one turned to the five monks and spoke… “) is typically for most Suez-races. In the different buddhistischen collections of texts the Sutren is often present in different form; this is to be due to interpretation variants of the different buddhistischen schools (Hinayana , Mahayana , Vajrayana).

Quite different style exhibit the Mahayana Suez-race , also in its topic beyond the release ways described in the Pali canon. Individual works of it often are of central importance for individual schools and directions of the Mahayana, like the Lotos Sutra for the Nichiren schools, or the large pure country Sutra for the schools of the pure country.

Sutra “

thread” means historical understanding problems in the literal sense, one that erroneous as “manual” interpreted, possibly similar to the air ADN thread. In reality it concerns with a Sutra however a compilation. Sutra means nothing else as “joined threads”, i.e., materials from different sources were joined.

see also

diamond Sutra Lotus Sutra heart Sutra

 

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