Swaziland

Kingdom OF Swaziland (English)
Umbuso incoming goods Swatini (Siswati)
Kingdom of Swaziland< /font>
Flagge Swazilands Wappen Swazilands
(Detail) (detail)

Wahlspruch: Siyinquaba
(Siswati: We are the fortress)

office languages English, Siswati (also Swati and/or Swazi called)
capital Mbabane
seat of the government Lobamba
system of government Constitutional monarchy
king Mswati III.
Head of the government Absalom Themba Dlamini
surface 17,363 km ² (about twice as largely like Cyprus)
number of inhabitants 1.169.241 (conditions July 2004)
population density of 67 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitant $2298 (105.) Conditions: May 2005< /small>
Independence from Great Britain to 6. September 1968
currency Lilangeni
time belt UTC +2
national anthem Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati
Kfz characteristic SD
Internet TLD .sz
preselection +268
Position Swasilands in Afrika
Karte von Swasiland

Swaziland (dt.: [ˈsvaːzilant], English: [ˈswɑːzɪlænd]) a monarchy is in Africa and lies with 26° 30 'South and 31° 30 ' east. It borders on South Africa and Mozambique. National holiday is the 6. September, Tag of independence (1968). Swaziland should be called original after the independence from Great Britain Ngwana.

Table of contents

geography

See mit Nilpferden im Mlilwane-Reservat in Swasiland
lake with Nilpferden in the Mlilwane reservation in Swaziland

Swaziland is limited a Binnenstaat in the southern Africa, by South Africa and Mozambique.

Partially Swaziland is von Berglandcovered. It is divided into three zones:

  • Low country (low veld), which an average height of 200 m has, drying and is climatically unfavorable;
  • Central country (middle veld), which an average height of 700 m has, 26% of the Gesamterritoriums constitutes andof fruitful hills and valleys consists;
  • High country (high veld), which has an average height of 1.300 m and which Drakensbergen in the republic corresponds to South Africa.

The highest collection is the 1862 m high Emlembe in the northwest at the border tooSouth Africa. The Ingwempisi, which flows through Swaziland, is the largest and longest river of the state. In the east is a Trockensavanne.

The temperatures in the summer are with 18° to 26° C and in the winter with 11° to 17° C.The amount of precipitation can amount to in the high country (Highveld) over 2000 mm.

The largest cities are (conditions 1. January 2005): Manzini of 110,537 inhabitants, Mbabane of 76,218 inhabitants and bend to Bend 10,342 inhabitants.

population

over 90% of the population of Swaziland belong to the Bantuvolk of the Swasi . Sotho, Zulu, Tsonga, white ones and Coloureds (half-breeds) form only one minority.

The AIDS rate of Swaziland is the highest of the world.In the year 2004 39% of the population at the immunodeficiency illness, 2005 suffered already were it 42%.

Swaziland has one of the lowest life expectancies of the world ( conditions 2004) with 33 years; the annual growth rate of the population amounts to only 0.25%.

Roughly 66% the inhabitant of Swaziland are (above all) Protestant Christians. The remaining population belonged indigenen religions on.

history

around 1750, in the course of the Nguni migration, settled numerous Swasi in the area today's Swaziland in. Itplace today about 90% to the population of Swaziland.

The autonomy of the Swasi in South Africa became in early 19. Century of the British guarantees. Toward end 19. Jh. the Buren came into the country: 1894 tore the Burenrepublik Transvaal controlover Swaziland actually; between 1899 and 1902 it finally came to military conflicts (Burenkrieg). Afterwards Great Britain took over the administration and appointed it 1907 the protectorate.

To 6. September 1968 attained Swaziland the independence from Great Britain, that thatNational holiday of the country reminds. Originally the leader of the “Imbokodvo movement “prince Makosini Dlamini wanted to call the State of Ngwana after the Unabhängkeit.

1977 created the king Sobhuza II. the parliament off, on which the king received absolute power.

1986 became Mswati III., at that time prince Makhosetive, König. It is well-known for its luxuriösen life-style. Thus it gönnte itself to its 37. Birthday a heightening of its anyway already extensive luxury vehicle park: Despite the bitter poverty in the country it orderedafter a report of the South African newspaper “Saturday star” eight Mercedes - sedans with gilded number describing, which were flown by air freight from Germany.

In the year 1996 it came to resistance against the autocratic monarchy.

See also: List of the rulers of Swaziland

politics

Swaziland is a constitutional monarchy in the context of the Commonwealths, in which the king takes a dominating role in the policy. The head of state determines the executive and the legislation. Since 1973 is forbidden political parties. Existhowever some oppositionals groups, z. B. the united democratic people movement (PUDEMO).

administrative arrangement

the state possesses four administration districts (in parentheses the capital), which into 40 areas was divided, the one chieftain administered.

  • Hhohho (Mbabane)
  • Lubombo (Siteki)
  • Manzini (Manzini)
  • Shiselweni (Nhlangano)

infrastructure

Swaziland has a well developed road system. Due to the geographical location (high mountains) these roads are to be driven on however partially only slowly.

The railway Swazi Rail serves exclusively the goods traffic.

The only international airport of the country is the Matsapha air haven close Manzini.

economics

Swaziland belongs to the poorest states of the world. A majority of the population lives on less thana euro per day. About 200,000 humans were 2005 dependent on food assistance of international organizations.

Subsistenzwirtschaft operate 60 per cent of the population, i.e. they produce only for itself and their families and not for the sales on the market or thatExport. To the most important agricultural products belong:

Zuckerrohr, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, Zitrusfrüchte, millet and peanuts, in addition are bred cattle, sheep and goats.

The meaning of the mining industry went back, since since 1978 the high-quality iron ore occurrences are exhausted. In addition is the demand for the asbestos injurious to health world-wide decreased/gone back. Today diamonds, hard coal and kaolin are only promoted.

The economy depends very strongly on South Africa, 90% of the imported goods originates from South Africa and about half of all exports becomesto South Africa exports. Swaziland is member of the Southern Africa Common Customs union (SACCU) (Swaziland, Lesotho, Namibia, Republik South Africa and Botswana), whose accounting units cause actually also a monetary union.

The average inflation rate (1990-2001) amounted to 12.3%

Web on the left of


coordinates: 26° 29 ' S, 31° 26 ' O

 

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