the Synästhesie (Greek συναίσθηση, sinästhissi - the Mitempfindung, also temporal together feeling) has several meanings:

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physiological standard variant

predominantly understands one by itthe coupling of two physically separate domains of the perception, about color and temperature (“warm green”), strictly speaking the perception of sensory stimuli of a sensory organ as another. Humans, with whom such linked perceptions arise regularly, are called Synästhetiker.

Strongly pronounced Synästhesiearises familiar frequently up, which suggests the assumption of a leaving barness.

Synästhesie can appear also as temporary effect after the income of Halluzinogenen.

Synästhetiker have thus frequently to a sensory stimulus two or several perceptions. They cannot only hear for example noises, but also forms andColors in addition see. The noise gets additionally to the usual characteristics these further characteristics. The picture, which develops thereby, overlays however only with the few Synästhetikern with the perception, but becomes visible before a “internal eye”.

Synästhesien must not necessarily with the five maininsidehave to do. With Gefühlssynästhetikern for example sensory stimuli produce feelings, or in reverse. Also abstract terms like a year or the character of a person can be noticed with a Synästhetiker as form, color or other sense quality.

This Synästhesien is

  • individually differently
  • not reversible (z. B. calls incertain green five out, but not in reverse)
  • identity-donating
  • for the concerning “always there been”, D. h. so long this to remember can
  • automatically, steps thus without effort of will of the concerning on
  • without influence of alcohol, drugs or medicines developed
  • not to a certain situation,Memory or an impression binds

alcohol, Lysergsäurediethylamid (LSD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) strengthen the Synästhesie, Amphetamine reduce it.

Over the frequency synästhetischer perception there are contradictory data. In the technical literature partly a frequency between 1:2000 and 1:500 is called with adults, some goes however againof a much larger number from Synästhetikern. Newer investigations show that an assessment is present with almost all humans to the Synästhesie, only differently strongly pronouncedly. Also over the distribution of the frequency between women and men data from each other deviating are present, these rich of 2:1to 7:1.

Many Synästhetiker are not conscious itself of the characteristic of their perception and recognize their Synästhesie only if one draws the attention of them to it. Therefore there is a high dark number.

Synästhesie is internationally at present a popular research article, there one itself realizations over the function mode thathuman perception expects. Also the medium attention increased in the last years strongly.

For some concerning a social Zusammengehörigkeitsgefühl belongs to the Synästhesie. In former times Synästhetiker dared rarely to communicate others from their special perception since perception disturbances were occupied with negative associations by the media.

This has itselfin recent time strongly changes. It was in the meantime free of doubts proven that Synästhesie is not a perception disturbance, but on the contrary a certain perception form represents, which is experienced of most Synästhetikern as very pleasant. At present relatively many contributions over Synästhesie appear, thus in the mediathat the broad mass in the meantime is clearly better informed than still a few years ago.

psychiatric: Independently of hallucinations

in the framework of hallucinations, of the kind of their emergence (due to one schizophrenia-form disturbance or organically by effect of psychoaktiver substances), one speaks characteristicof Synästhesien in the regard that several senses support the hallucination at the same time (for this reason Synästhesie is translated also with (temporal) together feeling): A patient means that he see, touch and possibly also hear can the hallucinations for example at the same time.

rhetorical figure

In the Rhetorik stands the term for mixing sense levels. Particularly with romantics was this kind of the feeling transmission likes (e.g. “the bright sound of the bells”; “See with feeling August, feel with seeing hand. ”).

see also

Wiktionary: Synästhesie - word origin, synonymsand translations

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