the Synergetik is the theory of the self organization of macroscopic systems, which consist of sufficiently many interacting with one another individual systems. It supplies a uniform mathematical description of these phenomena, which occur universally in physics , chemistry , biology and sociology.
The Synergetik came out into the 1970er years from the statistic physics of the Nichtgleichgewichtssysteme (Hermann hook) and treated accordingly first purely physical systems, whose most well-known is the laser. At this paradigm tables system of the self organization far of the thermodynamic equilibrium the substantial principles, as the order parameter concept, could enslavement principle, phase transitions and. A. are developed.
By the fundamental similarity of all systems, which consists independently of the concrete reciprocal effect of many constituents, the developed methods could be expanded on many other ranges. In chemistry the most well-known example is the Belousov Zhabotinsky reaction, with which one can observe spatial and temporal samples.
Further examples are:
- Bénard - and Taylorinstabilität
- cloud sample
- of brain stream (EEG)
- chemo+tactical activity of the Schleimpilzes
- of robber booty systems
- public forming of an opinion
Synergetik is partial by their broad applicability in interdisciplinary ranges on inKey word reduced, in the sense of a community effect, which goes beyond the sum of the achievements of the particulars. One may not forget with the fact however that the Synergetik is a mathematically accurately formulated theory, which does not become fair such a key word-like reduction.