Synkretismus means the mixture of religious ideas or philosophies to a new system or conception of the world. A condition is that the religious-philosophical partial aspects do without an absolute heating absolute. Synkretismus takes up rather the aspects of different religions consciously and forms it to something new one.

The Buddhismus z. B. is open for other teachings. In particular in Japan and China it is usual, not to a religion “to belong”, but different religions and teachings (Buddhismus, Taoismus, Konfuzianismus, Shintō) after own discretion to mix (see also: Japanese Gods, three teachings). Also their Heiligtümer is admired alternating.

With freshly missionierten peoples also the Christianity permitted the further use of heidnischer cults, which were only uminterpretiert. Here however the term Synkretismus is no longer completely applicable and changes into assimilation . The reinterpretations of religious contents of missionierter peoples permitted not the simultaneous (adequate) admiration of the before times admired Gods, but only the admiration of old contents under Christian default. A new conception of the world did not develop thus.

Realizations of the today's sciences regard a certain Synkretismus as natural and natural, since this is the natural result of handling strangeness or new one. So z. B. in a multi-cultural society. But even within a denomination practically contradictions and opinion currents arise. The naturalness of the procedure contradicts however dogma tables conceptions, those in the course of the time in religion organization (z. B. Churches) to grow and arbitraryness work against are.

In more recent time with the term in particular screen end mixing religions such as Voodoo or Candomblé calls itself again (and z. B. arranged of the Christian church as sparkling wines).


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