Tahiti

Lage Tahitis
situation of Tahitis

Tahiti, whose original name Otaheite reads, is the Hauptinsel of the society islands and the largest French Polynesiens in the South Seas. The capital Papeete is because of the northwest coast. The island lies with 149,5° west and 17,66° south.

Table of contents

geography

Tahiti consists of two by a narrow Isthmus interconnected islands, which densely Tahiti Nui (large Tahiti) and the nearly uninhabited southern island Tahiti Iti (small Tahiti) populated northern island. The two islands consist of approx. 1.043km ² volcanic rock.

Approximately around the island lies in parts interrupted a corral reef, which distinguishes the lagoon from the open sea. Differently than with comparable volcanic islands in Polynesien before Tahitis mainland formed so far no considerable atoll structure. Only a few small Motus (tahitianisch: Islands),as for instance Motu Martin in the north Tahitis, are present. They are the beginning of a development, which will lead across thousands of years to sinking the Hauptinsel and to the education of a large Atolls.

Both islands Tahitis are coined/shaped by over centuries the mountain world developed from the original volcano.The mountains with up to 2200 m height are usually up to the house border with close rain forest bewachsen.

population

of native houses around 1842

until today did not succeed it to date the beginning of population Tahitis with security. As safe the descent of the tahitianischen population is consideredof the population of other Polynesian islands such as Tonga, Samoa and Fiji. The exact date of settling by the populations of these islands can however only roughly on 300 v.C. to 300 n.C. become estimated.

With approximately 100,000 inhabitants live today approx. 70% of the population French Polynesienson Tahiti. The population sits down together from 83% Polynesiern, 11% Europeans, 4% Asian and 2% half-breeds.

To center 20 century offered fruitful soils and the fish-rich ocean plentifully to food for the inhabitants. The relaxed atmosphere and the satisfaction of the residents cultures impressed thoseEuropean visitor uncommonly. Most famous history over it is probably the Meuterei on the Bounty. Today the fast growing population Tahitis, particularly in the population centre the Papeetes, is with typical European large city problems confronted such as environmental pollution and Verkehrsstaus.

history

Cooks of ships HMS resolution and Adventure in the bay of Matawai. (Paintings of William Hodges, 1776)

the first European visitors were Spaniards 1606 under the Portuguese Pedro Fernández de Quirós, but since the island Otaheiti was called, then it in former times, no Bodenschätze had, she was for thoseIntruders not interesting. The island was called also Sagittaria because of its small plants (Pfeilkraut). The crews of the ships received from naked girls, finally regarded one it as Gods. The crews of the following ships under Samuel whale-read (1767) and James Cook () blond children, did not only leave 1774 but also diseases, like Syphilis and flu. The number of inhabitants became at that time estimated on approximately 200,000. 1797 reached the first mission acres the island. The following Christianisierung let the original culture of the Polynesier disappear almost perfectly. Sinceabout 1830 rivaled anglikanische (English) and catholic (French) mission acres around the influence in Tahiti. The classification catholic clergyman from Tahiti on operation of the Anglikaner was used 1838 commitment on the islands, intensified from France to, and the influence was strengthened steadily.

During the reign of the queenAimata Pomaré IV. (* 1812, move 1827 - 1877) became Tahiti 1842 French protectorate. The monarchy continued to exist under French upper rule. The collection of the Polynesier against the French rule was struck down 1842 - 1847 by French troops.
Tahiti um 1888
Tahiti around 1888

finally 1880 becameTahiti French colony: King Pomaré V., which had followed 1877 of its nut/mother, closed to 29. June a contract with France, according to which the sovereignty over Pomarés rule area - the society islands, which Tuamotu islands as well as the Austral islands - on the French state turned into. With thatappropriate French law of 30. December became Tahiti as part of French Ozeaniens, which were renamed later in French Polynesien, French colony.

During the Second World War the island served the USA as Vorposten in the South Seas area.

see also: History Ozeaniens

economics

today enjoys Tahiti thathighest standard of living of all South Seas states. The tourism is a substantial economics< /b> factor. France lets itself cost the small overseas possession annually about 1 billion euro, but the island pays with 200 to 300% - igen import duties on all goods this given amount with difficulty back.

Culture

after suppression of many years by mission acres lives the old tahitianische culture.

Annually at the end of of June/at the beginning of of July the Heiva , the Tanzspektakel Polynesiens takes place. In the context of this meeting the different dance formations in the traditional tahitianischen dances measure. In very aufwändigen and creativeCostumes darbieten over months a in-trained program in each case over approximately two weeks a formation per evening, the dancers and dancer. The Heiva is the large event Tahitis. The local media report continuously of the evenings. On different smaller islands, as for instance Bora Bora, findsmaller Heivas instead of, which stand back in the quality of the dance behind the Heiva Tahitis.

The painter Paul Gauguin (1848 to 1903) lived and affected Tahiti. The Spas on Tahiti is world-famous.

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Commons: Tahiti - pictures, videos and/or audio files


coordinates: 17° 40 ' 36 " S, 149° 27 ' 16 " W

 

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