Taipeh or Taipei (Chinese: 臺北 (traditionally), 台北 (simplifies) ; Romanisierung: Táiběi (pinyin), T'ai pei (W. - G.)) a town with millions of inhabitants is toRiver Danshui in the northern part of Taiwan. It is capital only from few other states recognized Republic of China.
Table of contents
- status: Capital of the Republic of China
- size: 271.77 km ²
- number of inhabitants: 2.621.641 (Sept 2004)
- mayors: MA Ying Jeou (馬英九 Mă Yīngjiŭ) (a party: KMT, 1998 directly selected, 2002) [
is red-elect into 12 quarters (區 qū) partitions:
|Hanyu pinyin||Hanzi||calf Giles||Tongyong pinyin||inhabitant||surface in km ²|
conditions: September 2004
Taipeh is the URL and of the Ketagalan, which had settled there still before Chinese immigrants, which for the beginning of the Ming dynasty 1368 - 1644 came. During 17. Century Spain began then to occupy parts Taiwans followed from the Chinese Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga).
In former times the natives lived in Taipei. From 1626 to 1642 the Spaniards reached north Taiwan. Later the dutchmen came and sold the Spaniards. 1662 was defeated the dutchmen by Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong, 鄭成功). That was the first large ChineseImmigration after Taiwan. Most Chinese lived at that time in Tainan. Up to the Qing dynasty the country applied as wild and undeveloped.
Step by step the Chinese pulled northward. The Danshui - river became the most important center in Nordtaiwan and the Chinese settlements Mon Jia (艋舺 měngxiá, today Wanhua 萬華 Wànhuá), since-Long-Don, since-Dao-Chen developed to business centres. These three settlements represented a model for the developing Taipeh with their development.1709, as Chen Laizhang, a cipher of the immigrantsfrom Quanzhou, Fujian, from the government permission for the raclamation of the area got.
The first settlement was a commercial village with port, which was because of the east bank of the Danshui - river, named Manga (taiwanesische reading; chin. 艋舺 měngxiá), today Wanhua (萬華 Wànhuá), where itselfalso starting from 1738 the established Mon Jia Longshan temple (kite mountain temple, 龍山寺 Lóngshānsī) finds.
At the beginning of the 1870 - it years was begun with the development Taipehs to a correct city. 1879 was finished already the city gates into the four directions, 1885 began then the building thatStadtmauern. At the same time the roads were paved with Kopfstein and lit up partially already electrically. In the same year Taipeh was raised from the province governor at that time Liu Mingchuan (劉銘傳) to the city.
After the defeat of the Empire of China in the sinojapanischen war 1895 Taiwan became Japanese colony. The city becamein this time planned by the Japanese three-way again and finally large city. The design of the president palace resembles the form of the character for Japan. One can say that the largest part of the today's Taipeh Strassenordnung of Japanese at that time is certain.
After the defeat of the Japanese 1945 becameTaiwan again a province of China. Four years later 1949 of China withdrew itself government in the fight against the communists after Taiwan. The city became then gradually the political, economical and cultural center Taiwans and is today one of the most important asiatic cities.
The members of the advice are selected by direct tuning. To 25. December 1998took over 52 assigning to their offices for the 9. Advice. It gives six electoral districts and a Aboriginalbezirk and consists of 23 KMT (Kuomintang), 19 DPP (Democratic progressive party) and nine new party (Taipei) to members, who everything can be selected again. The speakerand vice-speakers of the advice are selected by different elections by the meeting. Both must receive more in each case than 50% of the voices.
The advice has the following fields of application: Civilian and financial administration, reconstruction, education, traffic, police, health service, public work, laws and adjustments and budgeting.
universitiesand Universities of
Taipeh is likewise a center of the educational facilities. The important national and private universities are in the city:
|Name||Chinese||year of the foundation||of full time instructors||studying|
|national Chengchi University||國立政治大學||1954||759||14,800|
|national Taiwan University||國立台灣大學||1928||2,107||29,830|
|national Taiwan normally University||國立台灣師範大學||1946||858||13,432|
|national Yang Ming University||國立陽明大學||1975||358||3,563|
|national Taiwan University OF Science and Technology||國立台灣科技大學||1974||330||8,366|
|national Taipei University OF Technology||國立台北科技大學||1994||458||8,242|
|national Taipei University OF kind||國立台北藝術大學||1982||175||1,732|
|Shih Hsin University||世新大學||1960||279||10,917|
|Ming Chuan University||銘傳大學||1960||572||17,521|
|Shih Chien University||實踐大學||1958||280||14,657|
|Taipei Medical University||台北醫學大學||1960||365||5,674|
in addition important professional schools:
|Name||Chinese||to year of the foundation||of full time instructors||studying|
|Taipei college OF only-sing||台北護理學院||1994||154||2,905|
|Taipei Teachers college||台北師範學院||1961||226||4,692|
|Taipei college OF Business||台北商業技術學院||1968||223||,922|
|Taipei Municipal Teachers college||台北市立師範學院||1964||226||3,591|
|Taipei Physical Education college||台北體育學院||1968||124||1,753|
|ChinaInstitutes OF Technology||中華技術學院||1968||264||4,745|
objects of interest
- national palace museum
- Taipeh 101
- Lungshan temple
- Shilin night market
- Chiang dock shek intend-resound
- Sun Yat sen intend-resound
Taipehs ÖPNV have an easyRail course system (LRT) as well as a normal Metro, called March (measure rapidly transit). Contrary to the normal long-distance traffic course, with which due to the Japanese crew time left-hand traffic prevails, the courses drive in the city on the right track. The reason for this is that those March of a French companyinto the 1990ern one developed. Into the late 1980er years the main station was shifted in the city center completely under the earth. Also the new high-speed connection after Kaoshiung will have left-hand traffic.
In the city is the inland airport Songshan (松山機場); about one autohour southwest ofTaipeh in close proximity to Taoyuan is the international airport Chiang dock shek internationally air haven.
it gives an expanded and very close bus system by the city, particularly the areas, which are served not of the LRT and March. With the busone enters (usually) by the front door and either with entering or if stepping out, with longer distances also with in and stepping out, pays. This is marked by a sign in the bus (over the driver and opposite the rear door). Very strong use has thoseEasycard as paying system by transfer for the ÖPNV.
taxis are available and relatively favorable in the abundance. The drivers are well-known for their fast and aggressive style of driving. Taxi-Fahrer do not speak English, apart from few exceptions. It is of great advantage therefore,to show or the address of the destination in Chinese writing to be noted be able the desired goal on a Chinese marked city plan. Tips are a little usual, the change are usually correct.
The traffic appears at first sight rather chaotic, however one existspronounced consideration between the road users. When crossing a road one should be always very careful as pedestrians and not try also to insist on (alleged) privileges.
A further popular kind of progressive movement are the pervasive scooters (Scooter). In Taipeh the helmet obligation for scooters can andMotorcycles meanwhile as interspersed to be regarded.
Germans, which want to drive into Taiwan car or scooter, need a local driving licence or must their international driving licence with the office for traffic to be authenticated be able, if they are more than six months in the country. Up to then the German driving licence applies likewisein Taiwan.
Taipeh maintains with the following cities partnerships. In parentheses the year of the establishment. The large number at twin cities results probably of the fact that Taiwan has only few official diplomatic contacts with many states of the world. Internationally one tries now by means of localTo maintain contacts relations with other countries.
sons and daughters of the city
- Jerry Yang, joint founder and executive committee of the Internet listing Yahoo!
Web on the left of
|Commons: Taipeh - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- official page Taipeis into Chinese
- official page Taipeis in English
- palace museum
- official side of the mayor
- Taipei Songshan air haven
- Chiang dock Shek internationally air haven
- of cities and countries
coordinates: 25° 02 ' N, 121° 32 ' O