Talgo (splinter articulado ligero if Goicoechea Oriol tren, more easily Gliederzug after Goicoechea Oriol) are a Spanish company, which builds comfortable Gliederzüge and hotel courses since 1950 under same name, operates and waits.
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the Talgo concept
the concept of the Talgo courses developed 1941. Alejandro Goicoecheadeveloped it as possibility for the weight reduction of at that time still very heavy courses. In place of the past beginning to put the cars on on rotary stands with wheels Goicocechea hung it between the wheelsup, as link between the individual cars functioned. Each car has only two wheels and rests upon on the previous. Thus coupling and uncoupling were only in the workshop possible, since always two cars the intermediate two wheels divided. Onespeaks therefore of a Gliederzug. Since the cars do not rest upon however no more the rotary stands, they are not as high as normal cars: the courses offer continuous Niederflureinstiege.
So that the Gliederzug can run also in elbows well, the cars are clearly shorter thanregular railway carriages (13.14 m), why the cars in self-supporting aluminum lightweight construction way can be built. The wheels between the cars are installed not on a common axle, but individually hung up. Thus the wheels run always parallel to the rail, the course roll in elbows substantially more calmly. EveryoneCar has only 2 wheels and is gedeichselt on the front railroad car. By this construction principle a simple and reliable steering of the wheels is possible, whereby the sine run is avoided.
These principles are also today a still fundamental component of the Talgo courses, just as the maintenance of all Talgo coursesby the company Talgo.
In order of the Spanish Breitspur without exchange of the axles or chassis on standard gauge - to change to be able, Talgo Spurwechselradsätze so mentioned developed tracks. The cars roll in the crying speed by a Umspuranlage and can drive on after coupling another locomotive. Plants of this kind are in Madrid, Córdoba, Sevilla, Lérida, to make Portbou and Irún possible around the transition between the Spanish high-speed railway net (standard gauge) and the net in Spanish Breitspur. Talgo develops the Umspurtechnik further, around these if necessary. also for the transition from person and trucksto be able to begin other interfaces between normal and Breitspur in Europe. 1969 began the enterprise of the first track switchingable design, Talgo RD (rodadura desplazable), which the Talgo III resemble outward, as “Talgo Catalán” between Barcelona and Geneva. Current is for instance a third of the Spanish TalgoPendular vehicles and all of the follow-up designs Talgo 200 and Talgo 7 track switchingable.
Since 1980 there are Talgo courses with (more passively ) slope technology with the Talgo Pendular also, and for the new high-speed distance from Madrid to Barcelona, which is to go starting from 2004 into enterprise, the company buildsTalgo at present the Talgo 350 fast up to 350 km/h.
Since 1994 the railways night train under the designation IntercityNight on the distances Munich - Hamburg and Munich - use Berlin also Talgo Hotelzüge. These cars are relatively short with 13,14 m and functionafter the pole principle, each car has only one wheel set.
Talgo courses drive today into Spain, Germany, the USA, Canada, France, Switzerland, Italy, Portugal and Kazakhstan. The head office of the Talgo group of firms lies in Madrid, also in Germany and Finland possessesit works. Traffic offers market chances into the former GUS countries (Umspurung); starting from 2006 a tourism course from Talgo cars is in the summer season of Berlin over Kaliningrad and after Riga sank Petersburg to drive.
Several model railway - manufacturers have the different Talgo variants in the program. Furthest in model railway facilities spreadsthe H0 is - model of the German IntercityNight of Märklin. Electrotren manufactures the Spanish, German and American variants in H0 and trace N . Minitrix has the German IntercityNight in trace N.