Tallinn

coat of arms
Wappen von Tallinn Wappen von Tallinn
flag
map
base data
circle: Harjumaa
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 59° 26 ′ N, 24° 46 ′ O
59° 26 ′ N, 24° 46 ′ O
surface: 158 km ²
inhabitants: 403.505 (1. January. 2006)
Population density: 2,554 inhabitants for each km ²
Height: 44 m and. NN
postal zip codes: 15080 (center)
preselection: 6
Kfz characteristics: A/B
address
of the city administration:
Vana Viru 12
15080 Tallinn
official Website: www.tallinn.ee
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Jüri Ratas
Tallinn: Blick über die Altstadt
Tallinn: View over the old part of town
Tallinn of the portfrom
part of the Stadtmauer
Olaikirche
Eingang zum Schwarzhäupterhaus
entrance to the black main house
city hall of Tallinn
the highest office building of the city: The 1999 established, 94 meters high „Eesti Ühispank “

Tallinn (officially until 1918, as well as afterwards in the German-speaking countries also further common Reval) are those Capital by Estonia. It lies at the Finnish sea bosom of the Baltic Sea, south of Helsinki.

Table of contents

history

Tallinn developed as estnische settlement named Lindanise. 1219 were conquered it by the Danes and developed to the city. From where the name Tallinn comes, is not clarified. Either it comes fromaltestnischen taani linna (Dane castle), or of tali linna (winter castle). The designation Reval is derived from an old estnischen name for the region, Rävala. In the year 1285 Reval member of the Hanse was merged and into the Baltic Sea trade. The Germansif the gentlemen remained in the country and placed the majority of the citizenry, controlled the justice and the administration, German was office language. The estnische language and culture remained reserving the farmer, who mainly outside of the Stadtmauern, in particular on Fischer May lived.

1346Reval was sold to the German medal, one year later to the sword brother medal.

1549 received the Olaikirche a gothical tower with a height of 159 meters. This was unusual at this time, it remained up to the fire of 1629the highest building of the world. Today it is after a reconstruction in 19. Jh. only 123.7 meters highly.

1561 became the city Swedish. Gradually the privileges of the Germans reduced Sweden, however not inthe extent, as the Esten had expected it first regarding the status of the farmers in Sweden.

Due to the large Nordi war Reval fell 1721 at Russia. Peter the large one set the old German advice sexes again completely intheir original rights, into which next two centuries became the rights of the city government however peu à peu again limited.

finally 1918 became it as Tallinn capital of independent Estonia. Actual independence is fought for in the liberty war (1918-1920), throughthe peace treaty with Soviet Russia one crowns.

A secret supplementary protocol to the Hitler Stalin pact (in August 1939) made the way free for the Okkupation and Annexion contrary to international law Estonia by the Soviet Union. The baltendeutsche population becomes of the Tallinner port out upInstruction of Hitler in the Warthegau resettled. After the Soviet Okkupation in June 1940 the “Estni Soviet republic” is proclaimed in July 1940, whereby Tallinn remains the capital. The first Deportationen of the estnischen population begins - and cultural the political in particularElite - to Siberia and north Russia.

1941 occupy the German armed forces Tallinn. Hitler pursues the goal, Estonia to the German Reich to attach. The re-establishment of independence expected by the Esten does not take place. Many young Esten take part nevertheless in the advancethe Germans towards the east and participate in destruction actions. The Jewish population Tallinns and Estonia is almost completely murdered.

During the war the character of the old part of town remained stationed Germans despite bombardments of the Soviet Air Force against into and around TallinnTroops receive. The armed forces are back-pushed up to the end of the yearly 1944 from Tallinn and Estonia and Soviet power is RH-installed.

After 51 years Tallinn becomes to 20. August 1991 at present Muscovites of the Putsches again to the capital of independent Estonia,the UN shortly thereafter occurs. Today Estonia is member of NATO and European Union.

Tallinn is called not least owing to the consistent refuse economy, strict laws and good care also cleanest city of Europe.

inhabitant development

  • 1934- 1959
  • - 281,714 1970
  • - 369,583 1979
  • - 441,800 1989
  • - 499,421 [
work on] tourism

[

work on] objects of interest

the city a beautiful medieval old part of town with Stadtmauer and towers has 137,792, the 1997 of the UNESCO to World cultural heritage was explained. The center forms the town hall square (estn.: Raekoja plats), which from that 1322 for the first time gothical city hall and other stately buildings mentioned are enclosed. From the publicly accessible prospect platform of the city hall a outstanding view over city is offered,Port and sea bosom. The landmark Tallinns - the Figut of the city farmhand “age Thomas” (estn.:Vana Toomas) - the Turmspitze decorates since 1530.
Opposite is the advice pharmacy (estn.: Raeapteek), 1422 for the first time mentions and thus one of the oldest pharmacies thatWorld.
Worth seeing is further the Nikolaikirche (estn.: Niguliste kirik), a beautiful example in 13. “Buyer churches” (the roof framing of the church served as Warenlager) spread century, the Hl. Spirit church (estn.: Pühavaimu kirik) with their latemedieval wing altar of the Lübecker of master Hermen Rode and a fragment of the dead dance painting of Bernt Notke, the Olaikirche (estn.: Oleviste kirik), designated after the Norwegian king Olaf II.as well as, that the Christianisierung of Northern Europe operated the Russian-orthodox Alexander Newski cathedral (estn.: Alexander Nevski katedraal) with their far away, 1894-1900 as symbol of the Russifizierung Estonia for visible bulb towers builds.

Of the medieval castle on the cathedral mountain (estn. Toompea loss) are only the northern and western wall as well as three towers received, among them the “long Hermann” (estn.: Pikk Hermann).Besides the representative lock, its substantial changes is in 18. Century of the Russian Zarin Katharina II. were arranged. Today it is seat of parliament and government.

At the outskirts of a town is the lock Katharinental (estn. Kadriorg). Revals GermanCemetery brick ouple (estn. Kopli) on the peninsula of the same name north the old part of town, scene of some narrations of Werner mountain-green (see below), and the cemetery of the grey ones thus the estnischen population on Fischer May are unfortunately no more objects of interest. Both became inthe 1960er years converted into “parks”. Surrounding walls and tree rows show the earlier use still, all gravestones were however removed. While into Fischer May reminds an inscription at the recently restored Eingangstor of the cemetery the earlier use,the cemetery of brick ouple can be made only by a comparison of old and new city plans.

In the quarter Pirita northeast the city centre gives it a yachting port as well as an expanded sand beach, which are limited by a Kiefernwald. On warm summer days is there party tendency announced and the beach therefore often very fully. With Joggern and Inlineskatern is above all the promenade between Pirita and the city center likes.

A idyllische alternation offers against it those to the mainland pre-aged island Naissaar in the Tallinner bay.

The TV tower offers the best view on the city and with good visibilities even up to the Finnish coast (estn. Teletorn) with its prospect platform.

above all

souvenir shops as well as small clothing stores dominate a buying in the old part of town. Inthe new town center close of the old part of town there is numerous clothing stores of sports articles up to shoes as well as smaller Cafés and a large supermarket in the Viru keskus, a large shopping centre. Particularly for Finns Tallinn is a popular purchase place, therethe prices in Estonia are more moderate and the connection between Helsinki and Tallinn with speedboats less than two hours last. Who has it completely hasty, also the helicopter connection of the airline can use Copterline (18min).

catering trade

the old part of townfrom Tallinn many restaurants offer like also beer gardens. In the summer one can eat at the traffic-free lanes outside. One finds a quite extensive list Tallinner restaurant on [1], the most well-known is the Middle Ages restaurant Olde Hansa.

Work on []

Traffic

Tallinn is important Baltic Sea - a driving port (connections after Helsinki, Stockholm, Åland and St. Petersburg). Besides Tallinn possesses an international airport (Tallinn air haven), which is distant from the city centre approximately four kilometers. Tallinn is Of Estonia most important junction of the traffic. The Eisenbahnnetz is developed rather weakly, in the international long-distance passenger traffic gives it only one connection to Moscow. Traffic to other cities in Estonia is completed to a large extent with regular buses. Besides the Finnish society operates Copterlinea helicopter connection after Helsinki.

The city is very well opened by the ÖPNV with 4 strassenbahnlinien, 8 overhead line bus lines as well as some Buslinien.

education

in Tallinn is the technical University of Tallinn. Further residents educational facilities are those there

  • Educational University of Tallinn starting from 18. March 2005 Tallinna Ülikool (TLÜ)
  • Estni music academy
  • Estni academy of arts
  • Estni defense academy (?)
  • Estni theological Institut of the Evangelical-Lutheran church
  • EBS (Estonian Business School) [2]

sport

during the olympic plays 1980 in Moscow becamethe sail competitions before Tallinn delivered. Some mechanisms, like the town hall, the olympic hotel, the post office like also the sail haven center in the quarter Pirita, were built for this event.

sons and daughters of the city

literature

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Tallinn - word origin, synonyms and translations
Commons: Tallinn - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)