(of the Roman one

originally old-German term laikan, dance “) are usually accompanied comprehensive terms for each kind of rhythmic body movement dance to dance of modern Latin American dance portal dance dance, by music.

In the music the word designates dance in thatRule pure pieces of lecture, which are based on dances like z. B. the baroque Suite. Tanzmusiken are pure music pieces, which are explicitly so composed that after them can be danced.

Table of contents


Egypt around 1400 v. Chr.

Why do humans dance? - Dancing is often ritualisiert and of high religious and/or cultural importance. One dances, in order to admire Gods to tune or confirm around Initiationsriten nature powers by means of rain and fertility dances mild; is also the Zusammengehörigkeit of one Group to be signaled. Modern examples of ritualisierter dance forms are the eastern dance, which probably decreases/goes back to fertility dances, informal dancing to solemn causes such as weddings, like it since the antique one are common or dance balls, which reflect Initiationsrituale (conclusion balla dance school z. B. Serve dance school property man) or as ritualisierte social meeting form (Viennese opera ball).

As rather contrary motivation of dancing the reproduction impulse and the fight for orders of rank are regarded, there here not the Zusammengehörigkeit of a group, but thoseIn the foreground stand for position of different individuals within the same to each other. Examples of dance forms, which decrease/go back to these motives, are to be become acquainted with the samstagabendliche attendance of a Disco around potential (Sexual) partners and be impressed by the own dance style, the sporty tournament dance as match inGeneral like also more special competition forms such as z. B. the B-Boying or the Brazilian Capoeira.

Intellectual and artistic motivation reasons are the basis dance forms the ballet or the expression dance. Here the goal is not fun or match, but the representation of an actionor a feeling expression, not only with Mimik and gesturing, but with the entire body.

To neglect are not biological motivation reasons, because by dancing - like generally by all forms of the sport - the body does not only becomethe dancing trained and the Motorik promoted, by cooperating movement and the emotion-releasing effect of music is paid also Endorphine (luck hormones): Dance makes fun. This becomes effective particularly strongly when ekstatischen dancing (zeitgenössischens example: Techno).


it give a great many different manifestations of dancing, in the following are to be described, how these can to be classified and the most important forms be supposed are represented briefly:

Apart from the classification after number of dancing in single, few and group dance can be used also the cause or framework of dancing for the distinction by people dance , society dance and dance sport. The following table does not represent the two-dimensional category pattern exemplarily, it lays a claim on completeness:

People dance society dance dance sport
single dance Samba Step dance eastern dance
pair dance Polka Viennese tome Cha Cha Cha
group dance Sirtaki Square thanks Salsa Rueda

for more exact subdivision can be subdivided the category group dance additionally after arrangement of the dancing in circle , chaining , lining up and formation dance, during thatRange society dance into numerous subregions such as mode and party dances, historical society dances or the dances of the world dance program disintegrates.

Some dances can be assigned several categories, while other special forms represent, which can be inserted not completely into this system, z. B. Ballet and expression dance as purely artistic forms, meditatives dancing as self experience, Striptease as erotische self-manifestation or Bandaloop as fusion from dance and the kind of sport climbing. Occasionally dances due to special characteristics not as part of the system felt although itwell in medalable are, like that z. B. the quilting dance, which connects a dancing by the perkussiven employment of the foot technology with the playing of a rhythm instrument.

Despite the name to the dances to count is not balancing on one, called rope dancestrained rope, since this takes place generally in the rhythm of not accompanying music; Rope dance instead rated as discipline of the Akrobatik.

historical dance

"Der Tanzende Student", Szenen aus dem Leben der Studenten der Universität Altdorf, 1725: Es kan ein Musen-Sohn nicht immerfort studiren, / er muß beflißen seyn galant sich aufzuführen, ...
“the dancing student”, scenes from the life of the students of the University of old village, 1725: Itkan a mash EN son not always study,/he must attachment-let seyn galant itself to specify,…

Historical dances are often only the name after or well-known from paintings, designs, from book illustrations or decorative reliefs. During the Middle Ages dances became predominantby practical passing on delivered from dancer to dancer, a dance notation was still unknown. In the outgoing Middle Ages and the early Renaissance became dances then increasingly of dance masters, as for instance Fabritio Caroso, or Guglielmo Ebreo in developed notations held.It did not concern however yet a uniform dance notation and frequently also not around being certain steps, so that one must be opened today for a reconstruction of the dances first the respective dance notation. By the French cathedral gentlemen Jehan Tabourot (alias:Thoinot Arbeau) was made 1587 in its book Orchésographie an advancement of the description of dance, by setting the respective dance step beside the notes. A more generally accepted notation became only at present Ludwig of the the Academie Royale you Danse develops.Gundzüge of the steps specified there today still are in the repertoire of the classical Balletts.

modern society and tournament dance

the modern society dance is spread mainly over the different kinds by dance schools and dance sport associations. The entrance into thatThe spreading haven competitions form tournament dance.

world dance program

in European dance schools the standard dances, Latin American dances as well as Discofox and Foxtrott , are predominantly taught which form together the world dance program. Particularly for the range of the folklore dance dance group leaders become/inside into that Dance leader training trained.

classical tournament dances

the five standard dances and the five Latin American dances are the classical tournament dances of the dance sport. Collected they are called „the ten dances “(similar to ten-fight):

In addition the formation dancing belongs to the tournament haven. This becomes in the standard and inthe Latin American dances delivered. Here the five dances of each kind alternating are danced. Fig. six to eight pairs a team, which dance a Choreographie and place different pictures. The music goes over six minutes, whereby the valuation part over four and one-halfGoes to minutes. Introduction and excerpt are not rated.

there are Salsa and

Tango Argentino apart from these society dances since beginning of the 1980er years a constantly growing scene both around the Tango Argentino and around the Salsa.Only in Germany but in completely Europe, North America and above all also Japan Szenetreffs are not to be found and on these dances specialized dance schools in all larger cities. These dance forms have themselves relatively independently of the established dance schools or dance sport associationsdeveloped. Against common opinion both dances are not counted therefore to the mode and party dances.

mode and party dances

of mode dances are pair dances, like a mode feature within a short time the very large popularity develop and just as fast again inTurn out for oblivion. Usually they are like z. B.Lambada with a firm music piece links. Party dances are group dances, with which the dancers on usually the party dance clearly assigned music piece a firm choreography dance. Both forms become in dance schools of all kindsinformed and also into the Salsaszene their entrance found.

further dance forms

of pair dances

particular or in groups

of quotations

„dance is a telegram to the earth with the request for abolition of the force of gravity. “ Fred Astaire

as spöttischenExpression for the Dekadenz of this diplomatic practice coined/shaped C. J. Prince of Ligne regarding the Viennese congress the idiom „the congress dances much, but it continues to go not “ („Le congrès danse beaucoup, corn IL ne marche pas “).

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