Technology

under technology (old Greek τέχνη [téchne], „ability, technical skill, handicraft “) one understands procedures and abilities for the practical application of the natural sciences and for the production of industrieller, products relating to crafts or artistic, whereby the Greek term between the today's categories Art and technology did not differentiate (see Martin Heidegger: The question about the technology).

Definition: Technology is in principle the use of special methods, principles and/or. Laws of nature, individually or in combination, in order determined obtain effects. Example: Installation onenew protein of gene into the Genom of a bacterium also towards technical methods, in order to manufacture afterwards with bio technological procedures with the help of the new bacterium industrially the desired protein.

Technology can be understood as the ability of humans, laws of nature, forces to begin or convert and raw materials to the safety device of its basis of existence or to the satisfaction of its need to the self implementation meaningfully. Apart from the material needs (food, clothes, living) also cultural needs become secured by the technology.

Technical talents become in handicraft and industry upthe most diverse levels from the training occupations to the engineering sciences needs. The latters secure the receipt more well-known and the development of new techniques, are however with technology not to be equated.

Table of contents

meaning meanings

the foreign word book Duden defines the technology in five aspects

  1. All procedures, mechanisms and measures, which serve the practical use of scientific realizations - in particular in fields of activity such as electro-technology, civil engineering, mechanical engineering and information technology.
  2. Trained ability or technical skill, those for the correct practice of a thing the whole
  3. is necessarythe procedures and tricks, those on a certain field of activity usually („state of the art “)
  4. technical university and technical university (DO), (süddt./österr.)
  5. Industrielle and other manufacture and production proceeded.

technology in scientific application

technology exists inthe application of scientific realizations and the procedures in different fields of activity, resulting from it:

of production procedures and the current „state of the art “at universities , in the industry and other research establishments as well as enterprises and individuals ( aspect 3) compile process engineering military technology agrarian technology development and research establishments this fan.

technologywhen human action talent

means 2 and 5 meaningful, purposeful and repeatable proceedings of human acting, which are to be found within all ranges of human activities in the sense of the aspects. Examples:

  • in the sport (technology of the Stabhochsprungs, the Diskuswurfs, dolphin swimming ILS etc.),
  • in thatArt (technology of the water color painting, the trumpet blowing etc.),
  • also cultural needs are covered for everyday life activities (

technology of the window flash etc. ) apart from the satisfaction of material needs (food, clothes , living) by application by techniques. Also the employment of scientifically ineffective talents - „magic techniques “after Gehlen- one includes here occasionally (for example as God obligation by victim, prayer formulas, dances).

technology as contractions for universities

follows a linguistic usage of many years. Even if this is not completely correct, the arrangement of technical universities corresponds and - Universities of (THs, TUs) in departments or faculties nevertheless the above aspects. In addition they contribute substantially to „the state of the art “.

colloquial use and demarcation of the term to „the technology “

the term technology becomeoften generalizing for the whole of all industrially manufactured mechanical objects in our environment uses.

The moreover one technology is often set with technology directly. This is however misleading, because technology is the science of the production and/or. Treatment and/or. Production ofMaterials and products. The English word technology has, a vaguer meaning deviating from it; there the allocation in technology, quite meaningful for better distinction, becomes and/or. Technology not made.

the attribute „technically “

the attribute „technically “designates different aspectsin the everyday life, in the industry, in the natural sciences and in the technology, which go out mentioned over above aspects:

see also

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Technology - word origin, synonyms and translations
Wikibooks: Wikibücher about technology - learning and teaching materials
Wikiquote: Technology - quotations
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Literature

  • Seiffert, Helmut; Radnitzky, Gerard (Hrsg.) (1992): Hand encyclopedia to the science theory. 2. unv. Aufl. (Orig. 1989), Berlin: dtv, ISBN 3-423-04586-8, S. 358-365 (references technology and technology; and their demarcation to other sciences).
 

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