as congresses of telegraph one designates meetings of the international carriers of the Telegrafie in the interest of the development of the international Telegrafeneinrichtungen.

By the GermanAustrian telegraph association, justifies to 25. July 1850, given example followed soon Roman states, from which 1852 France, Belgium, which formed Switzerland and Sardinien a special association, and after the two groups of associations had erstrebt by conferences to Brussels and Friedrichshafen 1858 a mutual approximation, they met 1865 in Paris for a first international Telegrafenkongress , by which the international Telegrafenverkehr in a contract valid for completely Europe received its regulation.

As unit of the tariff it accepted the telegram of 20 words (twenty-word tariff). The fees from a country to the other one were made generally alike, and only with countries of expanded surface several Tarifzonen were formed.

The second international Telegrafenkongress to Vienna 1868 combined the asiatic administrations with the European group of associations. It created the international office in Berne as a central executive body, whatever messages relative to the international Telegrafie, the work of the periodic conferences prepare and by publication “journal télégraphique” has to collect the science promoted.

On the third international Telegrafenkongress to Rome 1872 one agreed to permit the large private cable companies to the congresses without granting to them however right to vote.

The fourth international Telegrafenkongress, 1875 to pc. Petersburg, divided the international contract instrument into two documents, by which the first, which is concerned with constant legal relations of the administrations among themselves and in relation to the public, of which diplomatic representatives of the state governments was signed, while the conclusion the second, which concerned the regulation eras regulations, only of the technical delegated ones taken place.

The following congresses were concerned only with alteration of the implementing regulations (regulation) to the present Treaty.

On the fifth international Telegrafenkongress, London 1879, one agreed upon the word tariff system , and on the sixth international Telegrafenkongress, called in Germany von Stephan in the life , Berlin 1885, was brought in by Stephan the request for creation of a uniform tariff, at least for European traffic. This request found not general acceptance, but decided the congress further simplifications of the tariff, in order to prepare the later introduction of a uniform tariff.

According to the regulations citizen of Berlin of the contract forms the international tariff from a fee for the word, which the state of the task area and the state of the Bestimmungsgegebiets (terminal taxes) raise and for instance the States of (transit taxes), lying between the task and regulation area, everyone for itself. The terminal taxes and the transit taxes are uniformly determined for each state. The terminal tax was determined uniformly at 10 cent, the transit tax at 8 cent, for each word with the reduction at 6 and 4 cent for smaller states.

The international Telegrafenverein belonged end 19. Century the following member states on: Australia (New Zealand, new South Wales, South Australia, Tasmanien, Victoria), Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, British India, Bulgaria, cape of good hope, Denmark, Germany, Egypt, France (at the same time for Algeria, Tunis, excrement ski China and Senegal), Greece, Great Britain together with Gibraltar and Malta, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Natal (province), the Netherlands (at the same time for Netherlands India), Norway, Austria Hungary, Persia, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Serbia, Siam, Spain and Turkey, in addition all larger cable companies.

In October 1882 of Paris met a conference, their work for the conclusion of a convention of 14 into. March 1884 over the protection of the submarine cables led, which 28 states joined.


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