Teneriffa

Teneriffa
Flagge
Teneriffa
surface 2,057 km ²
geographical situation
of coordinates: 28° 16 ′ 7 " N, 16° 36 ′ 20 " W
28° 16 ′ 7 " N, 16° 36 ′ 20 " W
largest collection 3,718 m and. NN
number of inhabitants 838,877 (1. January. 2005)
Population density 408 Einwohner/km ²
capital Santa Cruz de Tenerife
largest city Santa Cruz de Tenerife
holidays guests/year 4.8 millions
Time belt UTC

Teneriffa (splinter Tenerife) is belonged the largest of the Kanari islands and to Spain. The island is 80 km long and 50 km broad.

Table of contents

geography

geology

landscape in the Anagagebirge

the island Teneriffa resulted before approximately 7 to 5 million years from volcanic activity. The geologically oldest parts of the island are that Anagagebirge in the extreme northeast, the Tenogebirge in the northwest as well as small areas (Bandas del Sur) in the extreme south.

The volcanic massif is younger in the center of the island, which is taken in the center of the world largest Caldera. From it again the highest mountain of Spain, that rises3,718 m high Teide.

If one collects these mountain zones, geographically seen a Y results.

The fact that the island is geologically still very active shows the proven volcanic eruptions between the Teidemassiv and the Tenogebirge in the years 1706, 1798 and 1909.

climate

Teneriffa exhibits like all other islands of the Kanarenarchipels all year round mild temperatures. Those south the horse latitudes of developing northeast trade winds suck themselves with humidity from that relatively cool Kanarenstrom up and keep thus hot seeing era air far. This hoist have their origin in the Azores high,in the winter over larva Irish Republican Army is, in the summer however northward to the Azores continues to move. Then the trade winds have also sufficient place, in order to full-suck itself to Teneriffa with Atlantic water. While they are kept away at night from the island, they pull during the day to to thatTeidemassiv near. Clouds in approximately 1,000 to 1,500 m height, which condense with the contact with the there laurel and Kiefernwäldern to fine drizzle, form. This circumstance brings crucial advantages to the agriculture in otherwise expressed the dry summer months on the north side of the island.

Meteorological data January February Mär April May June July August September October November December
Ø sun hours/day 5.9 ,6.6 ,7.1 ,7.7 ,8.8 ,9.8 10.6 9.8 ,8.5 ,6.9 ,5.9 ,5.5
air [°C] 17.9 17.9 18.6 19.0 20.4 22.2 24.3 25.0 24.3 22.8 20.6 18.7
water [°C] 19 18 18 18 19 20 21 22 23 23 21 20
Ø rain days 5 5 5 3 1 0 0 1 1 3 5 6

Flora and fauna

Weihnachtssterne und Strelitzien in La Orotava
Weihnachtssterne and Strelitzien in La Orotava
Zahlreiches Vorkommen der Eidechsen im Gebiet um den Teide
numerous occurrence of the lizards in the area around the Teide

thoseIsland points a various vegetation up numerous plant types is domestic only to the Kanaren or even only to Teneriffa (endemically). The Kanari Pinie (Pinus canariensis) forms enormous forests. In the dry south of the island are sukkulente wolf milk plants (Euphorbia canariensis)resident. A further characteristic plant type is the Kanari kite tree (Dracaena draco) - an old and impressive copy is to be found with Icod de loosely Vinos. Beside the native plants also many plants from the whole world coin/shape the island. Made of America wild ores come Kakteen, as well as the enormous shrubs of the Weihnachtssterns, a plant, which is sold with us in pots to the Advent. The distinctive bloom of the South African Strelitzie is a popular souvenir for tourists. Nearly all plant types stand today under strict protection of species, the export of plants,Is forbidden to plant parts or seeds therefore.

In addition the animal world points hardly mammals up at the Teide is the forest cat at home, it gives expenditure wild ores rabbits. It never gave Raubtiere or poisonous queues. Against it the bird world is rich - it gives also some for Teneriffaand for the Kanaren typical kinds, for instance the Teidefink or the game form of our canary, the Kanarengirlitz. To mention furthermore are the lizards, which let themselves occur in large number on Teneriffa and be fed gladly.

A characteristic are the whales, in largerNumber in the strait between Teneriffa, deep up to 3.000 m, and Gomera to find are. At hardly another offshore place of the world so many whales are resident.

history

Blick auf La Laguna vom Anagagebirge aus.
view of La Laguna from the Anagagebirge.

Like all Kanareninseln Teneriffa was originalof the Guanchen settled (Guanche means in the language of the same name man/humans from Teneriffa). As most powerful Guanchenhäuptling on Teneriffa Tinerfe is considered, in 15. Century lived. After its death the island among its nine sons was divided.

1483: The inhabitants of Gran Canariaarise the Spaniards.

1492: The Kanari islands now win as last European station before Atlantic crossing enormous strategic meaning.

1494: Alonso Fernández de Lugo lands on Teneriffa and puts the foundation-stone for the later Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Differently than year beforeon La Palma, he suffers a heavy defeat on Teneriffa with La Matanza against the Guanchen.

1495: To 25. Decembers are subject the Guanchen with La Victoria de Acentejo finally to the Spaniards. The entire archipelago is subordinate now to the Spanish crown. The survivors Guanchen mix themselves alsoand disappear to the conquerers of the mainland as own Ethnie. Capital becomes La Laguna.

From now on Teneriffa formed an important base of the navigation between Spain and its American colonies.

1657: The English admiral Robert Blake tries unsuccessfully, with a fleet from 36 warships SantaTo conquer Cruz de Tenerife.

1706: Under admiral John Jennings undertakes the Englishmen a renewed attempt to take the port Santa Cruz of the Tenerife. The attack fails however and concomitantly the project to conquer the fruitful and favorably Teneriffa for Great Britain, which was because of the Atlantic route.

1778: Santa Cruz de Tenerife receives III. from the Spanish king of Carlo. the privilege to operate trade with America.

1792: Establishment of the only university of the Kanaren in La Laguna.

1797: The English admiral Horatio Nelson loses its with a recent battle around Santa Cruz de Teneriferight arm and must besides the only defeat of its military career accept.

1805: Horatio Nelson terminates the Spanish supremacy on lake by the victory with Trafalgar.

1822: Santa Cruz de Tenerife becomes capital of the entire kanarischen archipelago and holds this status until 1927.

Nordküste Teneriffas, bei Los Realejos
North coastTeneriffas, with lot Realejos

a bloom time experienced Teneriffa during the clearing-up. Important personalities such as Alexander of Humboldt (1799) visited the island. Nevertheless Teneriffa could not separate from the prevailing feudalistischen social order, so that it only in 19. Century to political reforms came.


The first years 20. Century were coined/shaped by a progressive political radicalization. 1936 started the general Franco its Putsch against the republic from Teneriffa. The Spanish Teneriffa did not reach civil war, however the economic isolation under the dictatorship affected itself very negatively.The only export property were at that time bananas for the mainland.

1975: After the democratization Teneriffa and all other islands of the archipelago received the autonomy, the tourism won ever more at meaning.

To 27. To March 1977 lot Rodeos collided to” two jumbo jets on the airport . ThatMisfortune was with 583 dead ones the airplane misfortune of aviation history largest up to the assassination attempt on the World trade center.

1982: Within Spain the kanarischen islands receive the status of an autonomous region with large autonomy. And Palmas de read the capitals Santa Cruz de TenerifeGran Canaria alternate every four years as seat of the government.


objects of interest

Teide
Masca-Schlucht
Masca ravine

economics and infrastructure

Teneriffa of the west, NASA World wind

Teneriffa is today a typical vacation island, therefore also economics and infrastructure are adjusted to the tourism predominantly. 1885 visited for the first time 350 tourists from Englandthe island. Six years later came already 5,000 guests in the year, and 2001 was it 4.8 million. The tourism concentrates particularly on the north coast around Puerto de la Cruz and the south with lot Cristianos. In the agriculture potatoes become, bananas, Tomatoes and wine cultivated.

The motorways lead de la Cruz as well as lot Cristianos and Playa de from the capital Santa Cruz into the holiday centers Puerto read America.

There is two airports - the airport Teneriffa north with La Laguna in close proximity toSanta Cruz as well as the airport Tenerife Sur Reina Sofía in the south of the island; this is fast attainable from the most important bathing resorts.

When inexpensive, reliable and clean means of transport apply the green regular buses of the TITSA, which start nearly each locality on the island. The main routes overthe motorway of read America and/or. Christianos in the south of the island after Santa Cruz and Puerto de la Cruz in the north are driven loosely by modern air-conditioned penalties with racks. The two airports lot Rodeos in the north (IATA code: TFN) and Reina Sofía inThe south (TFS) are started at least in the hour clock. The direct travel time of the central bus station in Santa Cruz to the south airport amounts to approx. 50 minutes (line 341, once per hour). The travel time of Puerto de la Cruz after Santa Cruz lasts approx. 40 minutes (line 103, once per hour, to the production time everything30 minutes). The direct bus of Puerto de la Cruz to the south airport (line 340) needs approx. , However only four times drives 85 minutes on the day. There are complete timetables with a general map of the island free of charge at the large central bus stations in Santa Cruz and Puerto dela Cruz or at kiosks. „The Bono bus is very practical” - maps, which one likewise gets at the best one at these two central bus stations. This concerns so-called.Prepaid - maps, with which one can save starting from centrallong distances between 20 and 50 per cent of the price of transportation. Taxesare relatively low-priced.

A strassenbahnlinie (“Tranvia”) is in the building and presumably starting from beginning of 2007 the bus station and the city center of Santa Cruz with the northern suburbs, the university and the city center of La Laguna will connect. An extension to the airport Teneriffa north becomes likewisediscussed like the building of a railway line, which is to connect Santa Cruz with the island south and the airport Tenerife Sur Reina Sofía.

literature

  • Baillon/Eames/Fernandez Armesto: APA Guides. Teneriffa - La Gomera - La Palma - El Hierro, APA: Berlin and. A. 1990
  • mountain cock,Eyke/Petrima Thomas/Hans r. Basic man: „Teneriffa”, travel know-how publishing house, Westerstede, 2. Aufl. 2004, ISBN 3-89662-197-1, 620 sides, euro 22.50
  • Börjes, Irene: Teneriffa, Michael Mueller publishing house: Attain 1996, 407 S., ISBN of 3-923278-36-5
  • judges, Jürgen/Nestmeyer, Ralf: Teneriffa. Publishing house house peppering castle, peppering castle 2004. ISBN 3-80031630-7
  • Pott, Joachim/Hüppe, Joachim/Wildpret de la Torre,Wolfredo:The Kanari islands. Nature and culture landscapes, Ulmer: Stuttgart 2003, 320 S., 295 color photos, 28 Farbgrafiken, 3 tables, ISBN 3-8001-3284-2 (representation of the Geobotanik illustrated)
  • Wolfsperger, Klaus and Annette: Teneriffa, mountain publishing house red ago, ISBN 3-7633-4016-5 (moving leaders)

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