Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
table of contents
it was born in the district Mongomo in Río Muni, the mainland territory of the Spanish colony at that time, as the third of ten children of an immigrant from Gabon. It belongs to the catch, which place the majority in the country. After the school attendance it occurred 1963 the territorial guard and in the same year to Spain on the military academy by Saragossa was sent. After its return it served 1965 at the territorial guard in Mikomeseng at the border for Cameroon. Last it had the rank of a second lieutenant.
commanders in chief
after the independence of the country from Spain to 12. October 1968 became its uncle Francisco Macías Nguema after elimination of all competitors autocrats and Obiang Nguema 1969 commander of the troops in the region around the capital Malabo as well as governor von Bioko. In the following it received the Ministry of Defense to year from its uncle. Besides it received the title of a general manager for supply and planning. Since 1975 he was commander in chief of the army.
at the 3. August 1979 he fell his uncle by a Putsch. After the seizure of power it let its uncle kill. When he was appointed in October 1979 officially the president, he promised a reform of the state and easements for the population exploited by its uncle. During its reign the population of the country had decreased/gone back around for instance a third. it reconciled 1981 with Spain, with which its uncle had broken, and kept economic aid. It loosened the country slowly from the close relations with the Soviet Union and permitted the church to become again active, after its uncle had explained Equatorial Guinea as the atheistischen state.
After he first as a chairman of a military advice had officiated introduced it 1982 a new condition. This became to 15. August 1982 with 95,38% of the voices accepted and came into force seven days later. Already in April it had appointed Cristino Seriche Bioko as the prime minister. With the new condition its first seven-year-old began term of office as “more selected” a president. The past unit party PUNT had been dissolved after its seizure of power, the choice of the 41 delegates of the new parliament to 28. August 1983 took place without parties. 1987 it created a new unit party, the Partido Democrático de Guinea Ecuatorial (PDGE), which achieved all seats with the parliamentary elections in July 1988. It was red-elect in June 1999 with 99%.
In the course of the general democratization in Africa after 1989 also Obiang Nguema changed at least superficially its course and left to 16. November 1991 a new condition with 94,3% of the voices in a referendum absegnen. To 21. November 1993 took place for the first time since 1968 elections with several parties, in which his PDGE received 68 of the 80 seats. These elections were described of foreign observers as a little fair. At expiration of its second seven-year-olds term of office as a president it became to 25. February 1996 with this time 97.85% of the voices confirms again. The opposition had boycotted these elections. The next parliamentary elections to 7. March to 1999 brought its PDGE 75 of the 80 seats. The presidency elections to 15. It could win December 2002 with 97,1% of the voices again. The four opposition candidates had withdrawn themselves again in the apron, to Celestino Bonifacio Bacalé received nevertheless 2.2%. With the next parliamentary elections to 25. April 2004 began its PDGE as part of a coalition, which received 98 that now 100 seats, the PDGE of it alone 68. Its former prime minister Cristino Seriche Bioko created end of 2004 the opposition party VDDC, which aims at its separation.
March 2004 he, a Komplott against his government explained revolution attempt one had uncovered, in that the intelligence services of the USA, Great Britain and Spain were involved. 15 persons were arrested and arrested shortly thereafter at the airport by Harare in Zimbabwe a group by 70 mercenaries under guidance by Simon man. For a connection of these mercenaries to national places there were no vouchers. Generally Obiang Nguema maintains good relations with the western world. Attention excited that Mark of Thatcher later granted a participation in this Putschversuch.
human right situation
tortures and abusing at activists of opposition parties or against member of the ethnical group of the Bubi are under Nguema at the agenda< ref> Amnesty international: Annual report 2000 - Equatorially Guinea< /ref>. In February 1997 Nguema admitted publicly that the human rights were systematically hurt and announced measures to the remedy. The substantial violations of human rights in January 1998 made however clear that it concerned thereby only empty promises< ref> Amnesty international: Equatorial Guinea - A country subjected ton terror and harrassment< /ref>. The government still refuses its permission for the establishment of local human right organizations.
its regime is confronted regularly with reproaches because of torture , censorship and corruption. Since Equatorial Guinea belonged to the oil per cent can enjoy the elite of the country increasing prosperity. Also the country poor under its government became to Nigeria and Angola the third-most important oil producing country of Africa. Official representatives of the country are brought occasionally with drug trade in connection.
its present term of office still runs to at the end of of 2009. It is generally expected that it will govern to to its end of life, as long as there is no Putsch. There are however rumors that he suffers in advanced stage at Prostatakrebs. To the case of his dying its son Teodorín Nguema Obiang applies as potenzieller successors. This Minister for forestry is official, is however preferably abroad and has because of its expensive life change rather a bad reputation.
Web on the left of
- Kurzbiografie with pictures (French)
- of election results with African Elections DATA cousin (English)
- IRISHWOMAN NEWS over its choice victory 2002, 17. December 2002 (English)
- IRISHWOMAN NEWS over the processes after the revolution attempt 2004, 26. September 2005 (English)
- Afrique Centrale over the opposition against the president, 26. November 2005 (French)
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||president of Equatorial Guinea|
|DATE OF BIRTH||5. June 1942|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Acoacán|