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first devil bridge
the Schöllenenschlucht was since age ago an obstacle on the route, which can be overcome only with difficulty, over the God hard passport, which connected Swiss canton Uri with Italy. 1230 were established the first bridge over the Reuss, which facilitated the way to the God hard passport substantially. The bridge was established from wood and had to be often renewed due to adverse conditions. In 16. Century was then replaced the timber bridge by a solid bridge from stone.
second devil bridge
After the end of the second coalition war Uri economic emergency , the bridge and the passport way did not prevail could due to missing means for the time being be made again accessible in the canton. Traffic to the south was completed increasingly over the Splügenpass. Only 1820 could be given the order for the establishment of the second devil bridge, which was finished placed after ten-year construction period and also today still exists.
third devil bridge
the second devil bridge was in the middle 20. Century the requirements of modern traffic no longer grown. 1958 were established therefore in direct proximity of the second bridge the third devil bridge, which could take up rising traffic with two traces better. Over it a salient devil mural of the Urner of painter Heinrich Danioth prangt at the cliff.
25 found battle
1799 Suvorov monument during the second coalition war in the environment of the Schöllenenschlucht to. Septembers 1799 fighting between napoleonischen troops under Claude Jacques Lecourbe (1758-1815) and of general Suvorov befehligten Russian troops instead of. The first devil bridge was heavily damaged thereby and impassable. Only over 30 years later with the second devil bridge replacement was created.
The building took place after permission via Switzerland. It is falsely often accepted that that represents 563 m ² large area Russian territory. The monument is however neither a Exklave Russia in Switzerland, nor it represents a exterritoriales area. The country belongs only in the civil sense Russia. The plot concerned (land register other matt, canton Uri) is subjected to the Swiss right unrestricted and forms a component of the Swiss territory.
legend around the establishment of the first devil bridge and devil stone
according to a legend was established the first devil bridge by the devil. Since the Urner failed again and again because of the establishment of a bridge, an offer of the devil was accepted. It consisted of letting and giving as return to the devil the soul of that the bridge establish by the devil, as the first the bridge crossed. After the devil had built the bridge, a goat support was sent over the bridge. The devil was enraged about this trick very much and got a huge stone, with which he wanted to smash the bridge. It met it a pious woman, who painted a cross on the stone. When the devil saw this, it took flight and let stone and bridge lie. The stone was called devil stone. 1977 were shifted the 220 tons heavy devil stone with a budget from 300 ' 000 Franconias by 127 meters, in order to make for the God hard motorway place. The shift of the devil stone is made responsible in a modern extension of the people legend for the unexplainable amassment of traffic accidents on the kilometer of 16 of the God hard road tunnel.
in the brandenburgischen Eberswalde gives it likewise a devil bridge.
Coordinates: 46° 38 ' 51,06 " N, 8° 35 ' 24,43 " E