The star Spangled banner

illustration of one of five originals of the star Spangled banner, about which only two exist.

The star Spangled banner (English: sternenbesäte banner) is since that 3. March 1931 the official national anthem of the USA. It is onethe few national anthems, in which the name of the country is not called.

The text The star Spangled banner Francis Scott key, a young lawyer wrote, in the morning 14. September 1814. It wanted thereby its joy over the victory Americaover the British to the expression, those bring in the night in the course of the so-called.Second war of independence ( the war of 1812) away McHenry with Baltimore, Maryland with their warships had heavily bombarded. The reason for its reverence to those American flag was its easement over the fact that on the day after the British attacks still the American flag to away blew.

The melody originates from a popular English drinking song around 1800 from John Stafford Smith (ton of Anacreon in Heaven), which supported once the national anthem of Luxembourg and which was club song from 1772 to 1792 existing Anacreontic of the Society ( see Anakreontik ) in London. 1916 received the American military chapels from president Woodrow Wilson instruction, to official causes this song tooplay.

Apart from the original version there is roughly 400 working on, under it also a Spanish version named „Nuestro Himno “ from the year 2006, which provides particularly for political explosiveness.

Table of contents


with official causes normally only the first Strophe of the star Spangled banner one sings. The third Strophe is not ranked because of their strongly anti-British tendency among the national anthem.


1. O in such a way, say CAN you lake
/By the dawn's early light
/What proudly incoming goods shark LED/
RK the twilight's read gleaming/
Whose broad stripes and bright star/
Thru the perilous fight/
O'er the RAM parts incoming goods watched/
Were so gallantly streaming? /
And the rockets talk glare/
The bombs bursting in air/
Gave proof through the night/
That our flag which quietly there. /
O, say doesthat star spangled
does banner yet wave/
O'er the country OF the free/
and the home OF the good? /
2. On the shores dimly lakes/
Thru the muck OF the deep/
Where the foe's haughty host/
In dread silence reposes/
What is that which the breeze/
O'er the towering steep/
As it fitfully blows/
helped conceals, helped diskless? /
Now it catches the gleam/
OF the morning's roofridge beam/
infill glory reflected/
Now of shines into the stream. /
Tis the star spangled banners
O long May it wave/
O'er the country OF the free/
and the home OF the good! /
3.And where is that bound/
Who like that vauntingly swore/
That the havoc OF was/
and the battle's confusion/
A home and A country/
Should leave US NO more? /
Their blood has washed out/
Their foul footsteps' pollution. /
NO refuge could save/
The hireling and slave/
From the terror OF flight/
Or the gloom OF the grave: /
And the star spangled banners
in triumph doth wave/
O'er the country OF the free/
andthe home OF the good! /
4. Oh! thus more ever/When
freemen sound it stood/
Between their loved homes/
and the war's desolation! /
Blest with vict'ry and peace/
May the Heav'n rescued country/
Praisethe power that hath larva/
and preserved US A nation. /
Then of conquer incoming goods must/
For our cause it is just/
and this our slogan: /
“In God is our trust.” /
And the star spangled banners
In triumph sound wave/
O'er the country OF the free/
and the home OF the good!


1. O say, can you see/
in the light of the early dawn/
which we so proudly cheered/
during the last dusk glow/
whose spreads strips and brightens stars/
by the dangerful fights/
over the barriers, which so stately we
guarded/blew? /
And the rockets red light/
bursting of the bombsin air/
gave through the night customer/
that our flag was still there. /
To O say, already blows this asterisk-occupied banner/
over the country of the free ones and the home of the courageous ones? /
2.On the bank stillto see even/
by the nebulas of the depth/
where the enemy proud seat/
in ehrfürchtiger silence rests/
which is it, which the Brise/
over the up-piling up steep rock slope,
if she blows twitching/
hides half,half reveals? /
Now it seizes the glow/
the first morning jet/
reflected in full splendour/
seems it now in (light) the river. /
This is asterisk-occupied banner! O mög´ it for a long time blow/
over the country of the free ones and the home of the courageous ones. /
3.And where is the gang/
itself praising sworn/
that the devastation of the war/
and confusions of the battle/
a home and a country/
never more us should leave?/
Your blood has already washed/
the pollution of its stinking Fussstapfen/
no refuge could save/
the day laborers and slaves save/
from the fright of the escape/
or the darkness of the grave. /
And asterisk-occupied bannersbecomes in triumph blow/
over the country of the free ones and the homeland of the courageous ones! /
4.O like that is it on always/
where free men stands/
between its loved homes/
and the devastation of the war! /
Gesegnet with victory and peace/
may praise the country errettete by the sky
for us a nation made and retained.
And to conquer we/
only that must are our drive/
and this are our slogan: /
“In God our confidence lies.” /
And asterisk-occupied banner likes in triumph blows/
over the country of the free ones and the homeland of the courageous ones! /

developing history

this flag with 15 stars and stripsover away McHenry at

the 3 blew. September 1814, during the war of 1812, set Francis Scott key as well as John S. Skinner the sails of the HMS Minden, around the release of Dr. To reach William Beanes. This friend keyin Washington, DC was imprisoned taken, since it accommodated British deserters. Keys and Skinner went to 7. Septembers on board the HMS Tonnant and spoke war plans with general Robert Ross and admiral Alexander Cochrane during the meal, as these alsodiscussed. At first Ross and Cochrane leaned it off to leave the caught Beanes free. They gave way however soon, when them keys and Skinner letters of wounded British prisoners showed, who thanked Beanes and other Americans for their treatment.

ThereKeys and Skinner of some of the plans of the planned attack on Baltimore had received, them up to the end of the battle were kept imprisoned: Only on board the HMS Surprise, afterwards on the HMS Minden, with that it behind the British fleetwaited. To 13. September began the battle, which should take 25 hours of bombardments. At night, at the end of the battle, key was inspired by the American victory; particularly by the picture of the American flag in the midst of the battle.

On the next day wroteKey a poem on board the ship on the back of a letter, which it had still in its bag. After it had arrived with Skinner at Baltimore, it terminated the poem in the Indian Queen hotel, which it Defence OF awayMcHenry called.

Later key gave to its stepbrother to Joseph H Nicholson its poem, which noticed that it fits the melody of tons of Anacreon in Heaven. Nicholson let the poem print anonymous (picture further above). This happened to 17. September. ThreeDays later it appeared in the Baltimore Patriot and in the The American with the remark Tune: Anacreon in Heaven. Thomas Carr text and melody published a little later together under the name The star Spangled banner, under which it fast admitsbecame.

behavior regulations

the expected attitude regulates 36 of the United States code, section 301 when playing the national anthem:

“Conduct during playing
During A rendition OF the national anthem - (1) when the flag is displayed -(A) all present those in uniform except should stood for RK attention facing the flag with the right hand more over the heart; (B) men emergency into uniformly should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold the headdress RK theleft more shoulder, the hand being more over the heart; and (C) individuals into uniformly should give the military salute RK the roofridge note OF the anthem and maintain that position until the read note; and (2) when the flag is emergencydisplayed, all should face toward the music and act in the same of men present they would if the flag were displayed. “


Behavior during the presentation of the national anthem
1) if the flag is go-eaten,
A) is all present ones with exceptionthose, which wear a uniform, strammstehen, to the flag turn and the right hand on the heart put;
b) are men, who do not wear a uniform, their head coverage with their right hand to remove and them in such a way by the left shoulder to hold,so that their hand is over the heart;
c) are university-formed persons from first to the last note of the hymn to salute.
2) If no flag should be go-eaten, all present ones are to turn in the direction of the music andbehave in such a way, as if the flag was shown. “


extremely spectacularly was the appearance of Jimi Hendrix 1969 in Woodstock, with which it the American national anthem with distorted and howling tones on its guitar played andthus against the bloody war in Viet Nam protested.

Spanish version

in the course of the discussion over the legal status of immigrants became 2006 a Spanish version with Latino Rhytmik under the title „Nuestro Himno “ (dt.: our hymn)taken up. It is thereby the first fremdsprachige version of the US national anthem at all.

Nuestro Himno was taken up by artists such as Gloria Trevi , Carlo Ponce and Olga Tanon and to 28. April 2006 publishes. The Spanish version of the hymn is considered as oneAnswer to the discussion over an aggravation of the US-American Einwanderungsgesetze. Conservative circles demand the massive deportation of illegal immigrants. Nuestro Himno stands representatively of the Latino immigrants, among whom estimations are according to over ten million illegal immigrants. Against the conceptions thatin production however the piece not only as a sign of the affiliation feeling to the United States of America are understood, but partially also as reviling the national anthem and refusal of the value system of the American society took part interpreted.Text audio

see also

Pledge OF Allegiance (loyalty oath)
list of the national anthems

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