Themse

Die Themse in London, von der Jubilee Bridge aus gesehen: links das Riesenrad London Eye, die Westminster Bridge in der Bildmitte, dem Palace of Westminster (Sitz des britischen Parlaments) und Big Ben.
the Themse in London, from the Jubilee Bridge seen: on the left of the ferris wheel London Eye, the Westminster Bridge in the picture center, to the Palace OF Westminster (seat of the British parliament) and bend Ben.
Die Themse bei Southwark in der Londoner Innenstadt. Von links nach rechts Tower Bridge, City Hall, London Bridge.
The Themse with Southwark inthe Londoner city center. From left to right to Tower Bridge, town center resound, London Bridge.
The Themse in Oxford
Die Themse-Mündung (Luftbild, von Norden beim Anflug auf den Flughafen London-Stansted fotografiert) - Weblink
the Themse delta (aerial photograph, photographed of the north during the approach on the airport London Stansted) - Web left

the Themse (English. River Thames [tɛmz]) is a river flowing by south England, which connects London with the North Sea.

Despite its large admitting heating degree and its also considerable river length of 346 kilometers it cannot be ranked among the large European rivers: Although itin the city of London, flows it is quite broad however very slowly and exhibits straight times a middle discharge of 25 m ³ /s: this is scarce exactly one seventh of the quantity of water of the Isar (175 m ³ /s) and more than a Hundertsel thatQuantity of water of the Rhine (2330 m ³ /s).

There is also a river of same name in the province Ontario in Canada. Because of this river is likewise a city with name London.

process

the source lies in the proximitythe village Kemble in the Cotswolds; it flows then by Oxford (where it is called “Isis”, an abbreviation of their latin of name Thamesis), Wellingford, Reading, Maidenhead, Eton and Windsor. After it its source area Gloucestershire leavehat, bildet sie traditionell die Grenze zwischen den Grafschaften, zunächst zwischenGloucestershire und Wiltshire, zwischen Berkshire am südlichen Ufer und Oxfordshire im Norden, dann zwischen Berkshire und Buckinghamshire, Buckinghamshire und Surrey, Surrey und Middlesex und zwischen Essex and Kent. Also today still the Themse is an administrative border, although one no longer so important.

The first Ausläufer of Greater London becomes with Syon House, Hampton Court, smelling moon (with a well-known view on thoseThemse of smelling moon Hill) and Kew passes, before she flows by the Londoner city center, afterwards Greenwich and Dartford, before she reaches the North Sea at her delta with Southend in an estuary. The area to the west of London becomes sometimes “Themse valley”called, politicians however rather speak of the Thames gateway (Themse gate).

The river sign for Tidenaktivität begins to show about 90 kilometers before the delta, since the North Sea affects it. London became the excessive quantity after to the capital of the Roman Britanniensmade, because itself there in the year 43 v. Chr. the first Tidenaktivität showed, but by a combination of different factors this point shifted in the last 2000 years river upward. In London the water contains easy portions of sea salt (Brackish water).

Between Maidenhead and Windsor the Themse supplies an artificial co-channel created to the flood protection, the Jubilee River.

The moreover one the Themse exhibits innumerable islands. A but faith means that it brings luck, if one spits into the Themse.

history

the Themse formed in 16. and 17. Century an important connection between London and Westminster. The clan-similarly organized Gilde of the “water men” and bore no competition controlled the being and passenger traffic on the river.

During that “small ice age” in 17. and 18. Century had often frozen over the Themse in the winter. 1607 were held for the first time a fair in form of a Zeltstadt on the river, which offered a set of entertainments, among them ice cones. After the temperatures starting from 1814again rose, did not freeze over the river any longer completely. A further factor could have been the building new London Bridge 1825: The new bridge had less column and permitted to the river a higher velocity of flow, so that it to the completeZufrieren enough was no longer slow.

In 18. Century became the Themse one of the usually-traveled water routes of the world, there London the center of the large, commercialjoyful British Empires became. River upward the Oxford Canal created a connection of that starting from 1790Themse with Oxford over the Coventry Canal in avoiding country, which the coal supplies to London of far relieved. .

In this time it came to one of the worst accidents on the river. At the 3. Septembers 1878 pushed the overcrowded entertainment boat Princess Alice and the Bywell Castle together. 640 humans found death.

1858 became the contamination and the Gestank of the river accompanying with it so badly that the meetings of the House of Commons had to be stopped in Westminster. In a concentrated action becametherefore on both banks under the line of engineer Joseph Bazalgette large sewers built.

Morgenstimmung auf der Themse in London, fotografiert von der Tower Bridge.In der Mitte vertäut: Die HMS Belfast, ein schwimmendes Museum der Königlichen Kriegsmarine.
Morning tendency on the Themse in London, photographs of the Tower Bridge.
In the center stows: The HMS Belfast, a swimming museum of the royal war navy.

Within the years 1914 also the economic meaning of the Themse decreased to arising the railway, the increase of the traffic and the fall of the Empires. London is today no more important port, the haven OF London continues to lie todayriver downward with Tilbury. Slowly again life returned to in former times dead, dirty river, and today the Themse is the cleanest river of the world flowing by a large city.

In Woolwich Reach, London, gives it since 1980 a barrier against the Tideneinfluss. With 532 m length belongs the Thames Barrier to the largest Sturmflutschutzanlagen of the world. After the storm tide of 1953, run catastrophically, with which many humans died, the building was tackled by the British government.The 500 million Pound expensive barrier the town with millions of inhabitants is today and in the future against heavy tsunami from the North Sea to protect. Across the river lead numerous bridges, the most well-known are the Tower Bridge in London.

See also

Commons: Themse - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

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