Theodor Haecker ranks to the languagemost powerful representatives of the catholic Existentialismus and among the most radical culture critics of the Weimar Republic; the biographic-bibliographic church encyclopedia (publishing house trusting God Bautz) counts it „to the most important catholic writers between the two world wars “.
Haecker buildup in Esslingen at the Neckar , where he worked first as a coworker of the writer publishing house, until he moved 1905 to the study to Munich, where he lived until 1944. 1941 he became a main editor of the writer publishing house. A broader public became Haecker first than translators admits: it transferred the Elogen Vergils, works and diaries from Søren Kierkegaard as well as the English cardinal John Henry Newman.
Under Newmans influence converted Haecker 1921 to the catholicism and published since then v.a. catholic coined/shaped culture-critical essays in the magazines of the burners and high country. From the same attitude also its culture-philosophical books followed, under those Vergil. Father of the evening country 1931 became most well-known.
Haeckers led strictly Christian attitude, which did not let it be received compromises with the arising national socialism, and its clear refusals to the fascist “culture renewal” to a talking and a publication prohibition, with which it was occupied since 1936. During this ordered silence Haecker wrote 1939 to 1945 the recordings down of the day and night books , which were published 1947 postum (ISBN 3852180546). Haeckers notes rank among the most important certifications of the internal emigration of German intellectual against the Nazi regime.
Haecker affected considerably the Christian resistance against the national socialists, especially he had close relations with the circle of the white rose, in which he spoke several times from his day and night books, particularly on Sophie Scholl.
Already in the first handbill „of the white rose “of 27. June 1942 was stated an indicative requirement. It means there: „... prevents keeping running this atheistischen war machine, before it is too late… “this Duktus might on Theodor Haecker decrease/go back; Hans Scholl probably knew Haeckers Notat „to the Germans 1941 “: „Your fame is without gloss. It does not shine. One speaks of you, because it the best machines have - and are. In this being astonished the world is no spark of love. And only love gives gloss. To it consider you chosen, because you build the best machines, war machines and best serves it. (...) Christian is only one way: Reversal… “
the strong motivische similarity between Notaten Haeckers and the handbills points itself further in the indignation about the bad and in the demand to reversal. In the third handbill it means: „Our current ‚state' however is the dictatorship of the bad one. (...) With each day, since you still hesitate, since you do not resist this Ausgeburt hell, grow your debt equal a parabolic curve more highly and ever more highly. “Obvious is also the apokalyptische Duktus of the fourth handbill: „Who doubts however today still the material existence of dämonischen powers, has the metaphysical background of this war by far not understood. “Explicit speaks the fourth handbill of the prophets, which reminded „the people to the reversal. “
Haeckers of books were presented after the end of the Second World War and the straight day and night books far away several times again admit; thus Heinrich Boell made the quotation contained in it „where was you, Adam “the title of its novel of the same name. Haecker ranks nevertheless today among the almost forgotten authors. To its memory the city Esslingen at the Neckar 1995 donated the Theodor Haecker price.
At the entrance of the cemetery into Ustersbach (with Augsburg) this appreciation is by T.S. Eliot: “He was trueful large humans, scholar, a philosopher and a poet at the same time. ”
- Eugen Blessing: Theodor Haecker. Shape and work. Glock & Lutz, Nuremberg 1959
- Karin Masser: Theodor Haecker. Literature in theological question. Long, Frankfurt/Main 1986 ISBN 3-8204-8747-6
- Ulrich Ott (Hrsg.), Hinrich Siefken: Theodor Haecker. 1879-1945. German Schillergesellschaft, Marbach at the Neckar 1989 (with a Haecker bibliography of EH Dambacher)
- Theodor Haecker. Life and work. Texts, letters, memories, appreciations. City archives, Esslingen 1995
- Gebhard prince (Hrsg.): Theodor Haecker (1879-1945). Defense of the picture of humans. Academy of the Diözese gang castle Stuttgart 2001 ISBN 3-926297-82-4
Web on the left of
|Wikiquote: Theodor Haecker - quotations|
| | * Literature of and over Theodor Haecker in the catalog of the DDB
- HAECKER, Theodor article in the biographic-bibliographic church encyclopedia
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Theodor hacker|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||writer, culture critic, translator|
|DATE OF BIRTH||4. June 1879|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Eberbach|
|DYING DATE||9. April 1945|
|DYING PLACE||Ustersbach with Augsburg|