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|This article is concerned with the Germanic God Thor. For further meanings see Thor (term clarifying).|
Thor (aisl. Þórr, ags. Þunor, as. Thunaer, ahd. Donar, urgerm. * Þunraz „thunder “), in the nordischen mythology God of the thunder, was the first son of theGod Odin (aisl. Óðinn). Its wife is Sif (aisl. Sif).
According to data of the Tacitus was it the Teutons does not permit itself a portrait of their Gods to manufacture. In particular in the modern times schillernde illustrations of the God were sketched.
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Donar in the earlymedieval excessive quantity
Cutout of the old-Saxonian Taufgelöbnisses (9. Jh.)
Thunaer ends to Uoden ends to Saxnote ends allum to them unholdum
„ Thor and Woden and Saxnot and all Unholden. “
In the altsächsichen baptizing vow 9. Jh., a formula of abjuration of the not-Christian faith, is mentioned Thunaer as well as other Gods.
The langobardische scholar Paulus Diaconus mentions those in a poem over the Danish kingGods wading and Thonar. The forms of the names show however upper-German forms and not Danish.
The probably most well-known the thunder God geweihte Heiligtum was the Donareiche (in the text: robur Iovis) with Fritzlar in North Hesse, the Bonifatius in the year 723to fall left. From the wood of the gefällten oak a praying house for pc. became. Petrus establishes.
Thor in the nordischen mythology
high and latemedieval Scandinavian excessive quantity draws a clear picture of Thor. The sources are to a large extent in13./14. Jh. written down. The material tradition goes back only partly secured into the time before the Christianisierung. The motives were thus literarily over-formed strongly and to show Thor into the z. T. varyful poems of the song Edda even as joke figure.
summary of the details of the rich literary excessive quantity
Thor as a man at the best age, of juvenile freshness, with red beard, from the nature good-naturedly, conventionally and from tremendous strength, in addition, easily excitable and zornig, are described. Itin addition has an immoderate appetite. From the Gods it stands for humans particularly near, there one of its aspects the protection from the giants and chaos powers (Midgardschlange) is.
Thor is the Donnerer. As such it leads three small desertwith itself: Lightning hurling thunder hammer Mjölnir that, once thrown, never its goal misses and automatically returns, the power belt Megingjard and iron gloves.
it lay in constant feud with the giant sex of the Joten (aisl. jötnar) and Thursen (aisl. þursar), as well as the Midgardschlange (aisl. miðgarðsormr). Against it it fights also at the Ragnarök, but becomes it thereby by itPoison killed. After its fight with Hrungnir a piece of its weapon, in Thors remains for a Wetzstein head putting.
Thors car becomes of the two goat supports Tanngnjóstr (aisl. Zähneflet or Zähneknisterer) and Tanngrisnir (aisl. Zähneknir) pulled. Its wife Sif bore it a daughter, Thrud (Kraft), while it of the Riesin Jarnsaxa two sons, Magni and modes, which meant as much as (strength) and (courage), possessed. As its domicile Thrudheim ( country is consideredthe strength); as a dwelling in Asgard Thrudwang is mentioned.
The weekday Thursday (English. thursday) is designated after it.
The song of Thrym (Þrymskviða)
Once Thrym (prince of the giants) stole Thorits hammer, when this slept. As Thor turns out it wakes up into helpless rage, when it sees itself robbed to its most important weapon. Loki flies, with Freyas feather/spring dress equipped, by the area and erspät Thors hammer in giant home and places Thrym toSpeech. Thrym wants to return it only on the condition that he gets the goddess Freya to the woman. Freya comes however into large rage, when Loki tells it this. Thereupon Loki suggests disguising Thor themselves as Freya it asTo decorate bride, in order to present it to Thrym as Freya. Thor has doubts that one could laugh at him, sees itself forced however to deal with this plan. Thor and Loki travel to lining as a bride and bride companion to Thrym. Thor fallsby thundering, which accompanied its journey, as Thrym it the bride kiss to give and knows its unbelievable Gefrässigkeit would like its stinging view with the bride celebration up, Loki however Thrym down again and again to calm. For the completion of the festivenesses the giant prince leaves to itsBride finally Thors hammer Mjölnir into the lap put. Whereupon the thunder God naturally seizes its hammer and kills all present giants.
exists similarities a surprising similarity also that between Thor and the weather God of the Hethiter,Hammer was represented hurling and standing on a car pulled by supports. In interpretatio romana he was understood as Jupiter. A relationship seems to exist also with the vedischen God Indra. One sees thing in common between Thor and Herakles/Herkules,due to Herakles' armament with a club and the Prägnanz of the body strength. Finally seem to suggest itself to relative shanks with eastIranian kite fighter Keresâspa, since Thor fights against the Midgardschlange.
The comparative indogermanische religion research disputed in the science specifies these partial vague thing in commona reconstructed indogermanischen God father/sky God Dieus pitah back. Thor would be to be regarded however as an aspect of the God Ziu, before he was admired as independent God and these as main God replaced.
Web on the left of
- UHL and, the myth of the Thor (Stuttg. 1836, and in 6. Bd. „the writings “).
- Voenix: The travels of the Thor, Arun publishing house, September 2001, ISBN 3-927940-99-2
|Wiktionary: Thor - word origin, synonyms and translations|