Table tennis

table tennis is often called the “fastest kind of ball haven of the world”. For the practice one needs a Tischtennisball beside a Tischtennistisch including net and per player a racquet. The goal of the play consists of obtaining as much as possible points by avoiding the ball on the table over the net and easily, as own an errors as possible and by skillful play way error of the opponent causing. Under “errors” is here a not rule-fair impact and/or. To understand setback, which leads to the completion of a ball change.

Table tennis match

is played table tennis since end 19. Century, when it was invented in England. At this time one used still the name “Ping Pong”. This was protected however 1901 as commercial mark and may not be used since then any longer freely. “Ping Pong”, a designation, which is to be found with us today almost exclusive within the hobby player range, is re-used however in China, where the sport is called “Ping Pong ball” official and already many years ago to the people sport No. 1 was promoted.

One plays traditionally on a matte-green or matte-blue table. In particular with international matches or international tournaments in the last years strengthens blue tables used (see picture), since these offer a better contrast to nearby advertising surfaces and in addition also for the spectator are of advantage. The ball is white or yellow/orange and has since 2001 a prescribed diameter of 40 mm. (before 38 millimeters)

table of contents

basic rules in the single match

in the single match playing two player inside or players against each other. In the following are alsothe term “player” both players and player inside meant.

correct impact

a correct impact sees according to to time valid international table tennis rules (part of A) (see Web on the left of) as follows out (in parentheses the relevant point of the international table tennis rules):

  • The impact begins with the fact that the ball lies freely on the opened Handteller of the free hand calmly held of the server (6.1).
  • The server throws then the ball, without shifting it thereby a Effet to affect almost perpendicularly so highly that he ascends after leaving the Handtellers of the free hand at least 16 cm and falls down then, without something before it is struck (6.2).
  • If the ball falls down, the server must strike it in such a way the fact that he affects first his own playing field and then over the net set or around it directly into the playing field of the Rückschlägers jumps or it affected. In the double the ball must affect first the right playing field half of the server and then (right play half) the Rückschlägers (6.3).
  • The ball must itself by the beginning of the impact to it is struck above the level of the Spielfläche and behind the baseline of the server to find and may by no body or clothe part of the server or its double partner for the Rückschläger be covered. As soon as the ball was high-thrown, the free arm of the server must be removed from the range between his body and the net (6.4).
  • It lies in the responsibility of the player to thus impact that the arbitrator or the arbitrator assistant can judge, whether the impact in all points corresponds to the impact rule (6.5).
  • If the arbitrator has doubts about the validity of an impact, it can recognize with the first occurrence of this kind on Let (repetition ) and warn the server (6.5.1).
  • With each following doubtful impact of this player or its double partner the Rückschläger receives one point (6.5.2).
  • If the server offends however clearly against the regulations over a correct impact, then one does not warn, but the Rückschläger receives the point (6.5.3).
  • In exceptional cases the arbitrator can loosen the regulations of the impact rule, if he is convinced that a player cannot keep her because of a body handicap (6.6).

Notes: A correct impact thus always takes place behind the table (the baseline in such a way specified). Beginners often bend themselves over the table and impact before the net, this are however illegal briefly. Behind the table the server puts the ball into the Handteller of the free hand calmly held (for the season 2003/2004 the hand does not have to be flat any longer) and throws it to at least 16 cm highly.

The rule that the ball must be visible in each phase of the impact both for the opponent and for the arbitrator or the arbitrator assistant (if available), was introduced in the season 2003/2004, in order to prevent covered impacts, with which the Rückschläger cannot recognize that the ball given cut.

If the ball affects the net, however otherwise all criteria of a correct impact are fulfilled, the impact are repeated. In the case of other impact errors, if the ball z. B. the net happened, does not receive the opponent the point. Contrary to the tennis one has here no second attempt. This applies, even if the server misses the ball only high-thrown and with the racquet.

ball change

a ball change introduced with an impact. Afterwards one must play the ball always directly over the net (or around the net set), so that he jumps up on the table half of the opponent or her affected. The opponent lets the ball jump up exactly once and rewinds him then over the net on the other side. The ball must jump up thus on each side exactly once.

A ball change is terminated, if the player an error occurs to one. A player can make the following errors:

  • The ball over the own table half accept, before this affected the table,
  • the ball, with the impact, more than once on the own table half to arise let,
  • the ball with the impact with a part of the body totally or partly cover. (From view of the opposing player and the arbitrator, who are on the left of or right beside the table on height of the net.)
  • the ball more than once with the own racquet affect
  • to affect the table during the ball change with the body e.g. in order to rest,
  • the ball directly on the gegenerische table half do not rewind, but
    • before the own table half meet,
    • in the net play, so that the ball arises in from or on the own table half,
    • over which table outside or into one other strike direction or
    • which do not even get ball.
  • To a repetition of the impact it comes, if the ball after that 1. Arise the server side the net affected, but afterwards the opposing table half affects.


If an error occurs to a player, then for the opponent one point of profit is counted.

Furthermore a ball change is terminated, if the arbitrator interrupts the play, or with the time play (see below) the ball change is not in time terminated.

change of the impact right

the right to the impact changes in each case to two points. If a sentence must be extended with the conditions by 10:10 points, the players impact to each point alternating. At the beginning of a sentence that player is server, who was in the sentence before it first Rückschläger.

the sentence

a sentence ends, if a player reached eleven points of profit and projection/lead has at least two points, for example to 11:9, 12:10, 13:11 etc. With the conditions of 10:10 the sentence goes into the extension. The impact right changes to each point. The sentence ends if a player fought for two points projection/lead.

the play

a play consists of several sentences, either with the 11. Or - after a Spielstand of 10:10 - if a player 2 points projection/lead end to point reached. With crew fights usually three profit rates are prescribed, i.e. the play ends, if one won the opponent three sentences (“Best OF Five”). This is after at the most five sentences the case (3: 2). To each sentence the sides are changed. In the crucial last sentence, thus for example with conditions of 2:2, the sides are changed, as soon as a player reached five points. In addition, within the professional range 4 profit rates are played (“Best OF Seven”).

time play (change method)

the time play uses, if a sentence is terminated after ten minutes not yet, it is, both players already nine points or more reached. With the time play the impact right changes to each point. The point of profit is assigned as with the normal play, with an exception: If the opponent of the breaking open successfully rewound 13 times the ball, it receives the point. That is, with a ball change the ball is played maximally 13 times and. If still further sentences are to be played, then these are accomplished also in the time play mode.

The time play was introduced, in order to limit the duration of a play. In particular if two players play very carefully or passively, it can occur that a time play is reached. With the table tennis world championship 1936 was only decided after 130 minutes the first ball change in the play between Aloizy Ehrlich and Farkas Paneth. The ball went thereby to approximately 10,000 times over the net. In the same tournament a Münzwurf had decided the play between Marian Goldberger and Michel Haguenauer, because both after seven one half hours before the fifth sentence standing k. o. were. Thereupon 1937 the time play were introduced - which became duration of a sentence on a half hour limited.

basic rules with the double match

with the double play two players against each other each. The same basic rules as with apply the single with the following characteristics. It gives as with the tennis also Mixed. There again a female person and a male person plays together into a team. Nevertheless the same rules apply as with the double.

ball changes

with the ball change must play the players - differently than with the tennis - alternating the ball.

Example: A and B play against X and Y. Then a correct ball change would be A, X, B, Y, A, X, B, Y. In the second sentence the list would be to be changed in such a way that Y, B, X, A, Y, B, X, A (or however X, A, Y, B,… - the breaking open team can again determine the server at the beginning of each sentence) a correct ball change would be. The list changes to each sentence and in the fifth sentence again to the page overflow.

In the double a ball change for the same reasons as with ends the single, in addition, if a player plays the ball two times one behind the other.

An exception of the rule that the players of a double must play the ball alternating, applies to a double match, in which one or more wheelchair users are involved. In this case the wheelchair user all balls may be struck back, those on his side be played (thus on the table half on the left of or right of the center line, depending on, where he stands with its wheelchair straight).

impact

in the double diagonally impacted of the own right into the opposing right side.

rules before 2001/2002

the described rules were introduced partially in the year 2001/2002. The among other things following deviating regulations applied before:

  • a sentence ended to 21 points of profit, if at least two points projection/lead were reached. With the conditions of 20:20 the sentence extended with changing impact to each point, until a player had reached two points projection/lead.
  • the impact right changed to five points, in the extension to each point
  • time play began, if a sentence 15 lasted minutes
  • it became with smaller balls easily: in former times 38 mm, today 40 mm in diameter .

By the new rules the sport is to become more interesting particularly for (TV) the spectator: the short sentences are to reach more suspense-creating moments by more frequent decision phases, which make large balls better observable by less rotation and speed the sport. This goal was not achieved however also because of the advancements with the racquet material, the ball speeds did not remain in approximately alike.

committee for changes of rule

responsible persons for the rules is the ITTF congress (“Annual general Meeting”). This committee normally meets with the table tennis world championships and advises over changes of rule. The German table tennis federation DTTB is not member of this committee.

play ways and play tactics

one can in different ways try to fight for points of profit. In principle one can play offensively or defensively. One calls a mixture of offensive and defensive play Allroundspiel. Today we have to usually do it with offensive players: One tries the opponent by offensive impacts provided with forward rotation (spin: Topspin, simmering spin…) to pressurize and shots. Even if this is offensively adjusted, then it tries a Gegenspiel by blocking (Wilfried Lieck was herein a master), to organize Gegenspin or shots. One sees today purely defensively adjusted players or defense players only rare. Often these play far behind the table and return the ball with Unterschnitt or also balloon defense. Legendary was here in the sixties Eberhard Schöler. Often defense players burl or anti-spin linings begin, in order to disturb a calculable, fast play of the opponent. With the world championships 2003 in France the Korean Joo SE-Hyuk with an explosive mixture from aggressive attack play and quite spectacular defensive arose. It lost only in the final against the Austrian Werner hit.

play techniques

  • spin: By a suitable impact technology in connection with the appropriate racquet material (flexible, handy linings, flexible wood) one shifts the ball in rotation. The terms Topspin, Unterschnitt and simmering spin are common.
  • Topspin: The ball is met in the upper half and/or. tangential touched - with more or less force employment. The developing forward rotation (seen from the striking player) gives a flight path curved downward to the ball and lets it with the impact on the table jump off flat and fast. Since the flight path is shorter than with a “normal straight” impact, the ball with higher forward travel speed can be struck, without the ball goes over the rear disk edge into out. Also the Topspin of the opposing racquet jumps strongly upward because of the spin off can thus only with bent racquet flat back be blocked strongly forward. The Topspin is the most important strike in the modern table tennis.
  • Unterschnitt: The ball is touched in the lower half and receives so a rotation directed backwards (seen from the striking player). The flight path extends, at its end begins the ball steeply to fall, the forward travel speed is small and by the rotation of kind of rear wall with the impact the table still more is braked. A goal is it not possibly or at least to make for the opponent the next Topspin very difficult. In addition either the placement of the ball serves then closely as possible behind the net (hardly get momentum possible) or a strong rotation, the ball the racquet of the opponent downward to jump off leaves tempted and thus to net balls.
  • Simmering spin: A variant of Topspin and Unterschnitt. The ball is laterally met and/or. tangential touched - with more or less force employment. Thus the ball keeps a rotation directed sideways additional. The flight path deviates to the right or to the left of the normal “straight” course and jumps off the opposing racquet in the opposite direction.
  • Shot: In former times also “Schmetterball” mentioned, since only very high balls became “geschmettert” on the opposing table side down. Nowadays too highly jumping off balls “are shot” however already in the ascending phase with full Kraft with Schlägerblatt perpendicularly held, as soon as the ball reached a height, from which the opposing side of the plate directly to be met are. This serves to have maximum pressure for the opponent because the shot reached high speeds, is enough however because of the missing forward spin in the effect not at the fast Topspin near. The flat ball jump of the table makes the setback for the opponent additional (e.g. by balloon defense) more with difficulty, there the ball horizontally from the playing field departs instead of at the end of a long elbow within the same to fall down.
  • Balloon defense: The player stands far behind the table and rewinds the ball extremely highly with much Topspin and variable simmering spin. Usually the player thus tries to repel repeated hard Topspins or shots. Attack players with very fast linings, which permit the Unterschnitt defense only heavily often, use this technology, if they are pushed into the defensive.
  • Block: To repel possibility a Topspin: The player stands closely at the table and tries the ball against the strongly closed racquet jump to let, without moving this considerably; this compensates the Topspin. It uses the immediate ball return to obtain the long Topspin movement of the opponent and the high possible variance of the angle around the point. As variant there is the aggressive block, with which the racquet is kept not passive, but - to pressurize around the opponent - a short oppressive movement is made forward.
  • Countering ball: Straight lines spinless ball with middle to high speed. By European players nearly only for bringing in one uses. For asiatic Penholder players, who operate with spin-poor burl external masonry wall linings excluding close at the table, it represents however the preferential means of attack, since the flapping can be implemented extremely briefly and fast.
  • Flip: Ball, which is played over the table with a wiping movement from the wrist. The Flip is used, if the ball is too short and too flat for Topspin and/or. Shot and requires an extremely good ball feeling (“Händchen”). The Flip is used in particular for the aggressive setback (impact acceptance).
  • Schupfball: Unterschnittball, which is played over the table. Thereby hardly still Unterschnitt is lent to the ball. In higher classes it is used almost only than safe setback on difficult impacts. Even disturbing and defense players aim at to change if possible as the first “tightening” (on Topspin play), in order to take to the opponent the initiative.

play enterprise

table tennis becomes both hobby-moderately at home in garden, garage, cellar etc. and federation-moderately organize within associations easily. The play technology of the hobby players differs mainly due to the different racquet material clearly from the technology of the “professionals”.

nearly

10,000 associations with approximately 670,000 members belong to Germany the German table tennis federation. Are played lady and gentleman single, lady and gentleman doubles as well as mixed double.
National crew fights are organized in different play classes, within those one to ascend or descend can. Their organization and valuation in the lower classes are incumbent on however the responsible regional organization, so that because of the different player number and play strength not all league designations of all federations can be compared with one another.

The federal league in Germany is essentially considered as the strongest league of the world, because of the guest players and the highest number of Welt-top-100-Spieler.

There are the following play classes in Germany:

  • 1. Federal league - single-railed
  • 2. Federal league - double-railed
  • regional league
  • upper league
  • federation league
  • national league
  • district upper league (1. District league)
  • district league (2. District league)
  • district class (3. District league) - in some districts there are several district classes
  • circle league
  • 1. Circle class (AClet; Circle class A)
  • 2. Circle class (UC-let; Circle class B)
  • 3. Circle class (C-class; Circle class C)
  • 4. Circle class (D-class; Circle class D)

Besides on the different federation levels still single championships are organized: Circle championship, district championship, national championship, German championship.

In addition there, likewise on the different levels, are the so-called. “Rank list tournaments” and cup plays.

Further usually partitioned general tournaments in large number take place after play classes.

internationally

] since 1988

historical

international history of the table tennis

origin

over the origin of the table tennis give it different opinions. Some see the beginnings at the end 19. Century in India, of where out it spread to England, others deny this and regard the Englishmen as the inventors, where it was mentioned for the first time in writing 1874: English major Walter Clopton Wingfield made the “spharistike” (Greek: “Let us play”) well-known. Here it concerned a wood suit-case, therein contains the rules and the whole accessories from the hammer to the cords for the attachment of the net tightener on English lawn. The play developed from the “normal” tennis and first by the English aristocracy in the free one was predominantly played. One used a rubber ball with Flanellüberzug or also a ball from cork. Later one designated the play in Lawn tennis (lawn tennis) over.

Because of the frequent rain weather in England one shifted the play then into the dwelling and used thereby normal Esstische; one shifted the tennis field on the table. A cord served as “net”, as racquet took one Federballschläger, books or Bratpfannen. Logically one called the play in space tennis. 1875 published English engineer James Gibb the first rules.

“Ping Pong”

1891 brought multicolored Zelluloid to James Gibb of a business trip from the USA - balls also. From now increasingly to displaced the term Ping Pong, which 1878 emerged for the first time isolated because of the noises of the ball, the designation space tennis. Different manufacturers created further names, for example Gossima, Whiff Waff, Flim Flam and finally Table tennis. The businessman John Jacques de Croydon, a friend of Gibb, announced 1891 the term “Ping Pong” at the English patent office to the patent and sold the American rights to the company Parker Brothers. In these years the racquet was developed further: The Holzschläger pasted with cork, emery paper, wild pig fabric. In England 1900 the first association was created. Finally E invented. C. Goode 1902 the rubber lining with burls. In the same year in England the national federation “Ping Pong Association” was created. This had to give up however after less than three years because of the rights of the use of a name at “Ping Pong”.

spreading outside of England

in Hungary took place 1897 the first national championship. Between 1905 and 1910 Edward almost, a representative of typewriters presented, the play in Vienna and Budapest . 1899 became the 1. Berlin tennis and Ping Pong society (the later member of the soccer federal league tennis Borussia Berlin) based, to 1900 the first Ping Pong cafe (Viktoria Luise place in Berlin) opens. Around 1899 a simplified variant arrived to Japan. From here on arrived it to China, Korea and Hong Kong. 1901 took place in Hamburg UHL refuge the first German tournament. Into the years after the First World War the play developed itself further not substantially, perhaps because of the different and partly complicated rules.

establishment of federations, first important meetings

gradually national and international federations are created:

  • 1907 the first German championship easily in the casino at the Nollendorff place in Berlin
  • 1921 “Table tennis Association” in England
  • 1925 establishment of the German table tennis of federation (DTTB) (25. November)
  • 1925 first official German championships in the gentleman and lady single in Berlin
  • 1926 establishment of the Austrian table tennis federation ÖTTV
  • 1926 international table tennis Ford ration ITTF in Berlin, based of England, Sweden, Hungary, India, Denmark, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Wales
  • 1926 was planned the first European championship in London, which was revalued however by the participation from some Indian to a world championship. For the final game qualified themselves the two Hungary Roland Jacobi and Zoltan Mechlovits. Jacobi played in long handle fold trousers and white shirt - one persuaded it to put at least the fly down - and was after 3:0 victory the first table tennis world champion.
  • 1927 “La fédération française de tennis de table” in France
  • 1928 first championship of France
  • 1930 “The American Ping Pong Association” permitted the members only the use of play material of the Parker Brothers. Therefore 1933 two further federations developed in US America: “U.S. Amateur Table tennis Association " and “The national Table tennis Association”. 1935 unites the three federations to the “U.S. Table tennis Association " (which itself 1994 in “U.S.A. Table tennis " renamed)
  • 1933 the Kieler TTC became first German crew master of the Mr.

further development

up to the Second World War came the best table tennis players and - player inside from Hungary (Maria Mednyanszky, Victor Barna), Czechoslovakia and Romania. Starting from 1953 the Japanese players became prominent. They developed the Penholder - grasp, whereby the racquet between index fingers and thumbs was held. Furthermore they pasted the racquet with thick foam material mats, which made the play substantially faster. The Japanese invented also the Topspin. Beginning of the 1960er years was Erich Arndt the first German player, who controlled the Topspin. In the next 30 years nearly all world champions came from Asia. Beginning of the 1980er years knew the Europeans by new techniques (freshstick) up-get

  • 1949 after the Second World War became to 29. /30. July of the DTTB again-based in bath Homburg
  • 1951 at the 11. March the DTTB again to the ITTF taken up
  • 1958 first “genuine” European championship
  • 1964 the Frenchman Alex Ehrlich places in Malmö its again-developed table tennis robot before
  • 1966/67 German federal league for Mr.
  • 1972/73 German federal league for ladies
  • 1988 became table tennis officially olympic kind of sport.

table tennis and politics before the Second World War

tried the policy again and again to exert influence on the sport happening. So the German gentlemen were allowed to participate 1934 not to the table tennis WM, because one feared that the “superior nordische race” could disgrace itself against “inferior peoples”. Also one did to 1935 without a participation of the Herrenmannschaft from protest against the fact that Ireland, Northern Ireland and Wales with own in each case crews began. Only 1936 one sent gentleman team, in order to recruit for the forthcoming olympic plays in Germany.

table tennis and politics in postwar Germany

always one could not separate politics and sport. Particularly in the years after the Second World War the policy affected the sport relationship between the GDR and West Germany. 1950 placed the German table tennis federation DTTB and the table tennis federation of the GDR in each case the request to the international table tennis federation internationally Table tennis Federation (ITTF ) to be taken up. This rejected the ITTF and demanded a common occurrence of the two federations. Thereupon one created to 8. June the working comitee German table tennis sport. These requested 1951 successfully the admission of “all-German country” into the ITTF. With the world championship in Vienna in March 1951 Germans participated then for the first time after the war. In the following years all-German in each case championships were delivered: 1951 in Berlin at the radio tower, 1952 in east Berlin (German sport-resounds), 1953 in Herford. 1957 arose again an all-German crew with the WM in Stockholm ; Heinz cutter (Thuringia) became third in the single.

To 2. The thing in common finally ended to August 1958: DTTB and table tennis federation of the GDR became separately “provisional members” the ITTF. When the DTTB was assigned 1960 to align the European championships in the year 1962 this specified West Berlin as venue . On the other hand the GDR, all Eastern European countries protested announced a boycott of the meeting. It actually came 1962 to the boycott with the reason, West Berlin belongs not to the Federal Republic. Yugoslavia did not only take part in the boycott. In November 1964 it came with the European championship into Malmö (Sweden) to the next eclat, because during the prelude meeting the DTTB selection carried the sign “west Allemagne” and the East German crew the sign “GDR”. one tried 1965 to improve on the part of the Federal Republic the relations again: FCB bezuschusste east west sport traffic.

table tennis in the GDR between 1958 and the turn

starting from 1958 tried to distinguish the GDR ever more from western countries. 1961 “were frozen” all-German sport traffic. The table tennis sport lost at meaning, in particular after the “achievement sport resolution” in April 1969, according to which table tennis did not rank no more among the kinds of sport eligible for promotion. 1972 still participated the GDR in the European championship, afterwards she stayed away however from all European and world championships. The participation in competitions, at which non-socialist countries were represented, was forbidden.

Ping Pong diplomacy between the USA and China

in [1950er and 1960er years tried to improve the USA and the People's Republic of China with “normal” diplomatic means the relations; the so-called Warsaw discussions did not bring however the hoped for results. To assistance the table tennis players here finally came. During the world championships 1971 in Nagoya (Japan) China invited the American TT-players to Peking . Further meetings of high-ranking politicians (Nixon 1972) followed this attendance, whereby tensions were diminished and the relations was improved. These events are today well-known under the term Ping Pong diplomacy.

1929 the lady double Erika butcher

2004 the German Herrenmannschaft WM-second becomes with the crew world championships in Doha (Qatar). It is subject to the Chinese team in the final with 0:3.

  • 2005 Timo Boell and Christian sweet become in Shanghai vice-world champions in the double. In the final game they are subject to Wang Hao and Kong Linghui from China.
  • 2005 Timo Boell wins the Worldcup in Lüttich.
  • ITTF pro route final in Fuzhou ( China) in the single and double with Christian sweet wins 2005 Timo Boell.

successes of international players

  • that Hungarian Victor Barna is the most successful table tennis player of all times. Between 1929 and 1939 he won 22 WM-titles: five times in the single, eight times in the double, twice in the Mixed and seven times with the crew.

the table a match-suited table

2,74 m

Tischtennis-Tisch

must have technical details to the playing equipments [work on] and width of 1,525 m. The surface must lie exactly 76 centimeters over the soil. The table is divided by means of 15.25 cm a high net into two (1.37 m x 1.525 m) halves equal in size. On it a Tischtennisball, which is dropped from 30 centimeters height, must jump 22 to 25 cm highly. Each half full length again divided by means of a 3 mm broad line into two halves. In addition at the edges of the table still another 20 mm broad white line runs. The surface of the table does not have to be reflecting and dark. Are common i.d.R. dark-green and blue tables.

the ball

the ball consists of Zelluloid, is inside hollow and has a diameter of 40 mm. It is available in different qualities, which are from each other differentiated by the number of stars. They differ in the degree of their roundness and by the hardness. There are balls in different colors. For the play enterprise are certified matte-white and mattorangene 3 *** - balls. These are used with tournaments/matches. When training mostly so-called training balls used, which are not as expensive as 3 *** - balls, however nevertheless a high quality to exhibit. See also Tischtennisball

the racquet

of the racquets is available in many different versions. It is mostly oval and in the center from several times glued wood. In addition, variants with e.g. exist. Carbon or kevlar veneers. There are four usual grasp forms: Straight one, concave, anatomically and conical, besides two grasp forms for Japanese and Chinese Penholder.

Each racquet must have two linings of different color: a red and a black lining. This is prescribed, so that the opponent the rotation of the racquet can react noticed and thus to the two linings accordingly. If a player only one side of the racquet uses (esp. with the classical Penholder), only this side must be provided with a lining (red or black). The other side must be painted then however in the other color.
One differentiates different types from linings: Burls inside, short burls outside, long burls, burl rubber and anti- Topspin.

One finds further details in the separate article over Tischtennisschläger.

table tennis training devices

of table tennis training devices are used supporting for learning the basic impacts for the match-moderate Tischtennisspiel or also for the improvement of impact security and perseverance. Depending upon basic impact kind, like Topspin, Schupfball, impact etc., are used appropriate Trainingsgeräte in association training.

One finds further details in the separate article over table tennis training devices.

training and leisure plays

table tennis one plays however not only match-moderately, but often and gladly also in the spare time with amended rules.

Chinese or cyclic testing

a popular variant with at least three (better: five to ten, or more) players is the “Chinese “, also” cyclic testing “,” Mäxle “or” mill “mentioned (in Austria” Rundgangerl “, “Lauferl” or “Ringerl” ). On a side of the table at least two players set up themselves, the number on the other one can one remain. After a player accomplished his impact faultlessly, he runs on the other side and employs themselves here, in order to accomplish an impact again. Everyone, which makes an error, separates. If only two players are remaining, normally one plays. The winner gets one point, afterwards all set.

English

for three players gives it a variant, which is a mixture between single and doubles. The player, who plays on its table side alone, may play alone until it makes an error. Then against the clockwise direction one changes. One collects points only as an however player. One calls this variant English.

further training plays

for more alternation in training and for funful, spielerisches learning of the ball treatment can contribute

  • the plays
  • emperor play
  • Topspin play
  • balloon play
  • service King
  • partner board
  • Marathon

power play, which is introduced on the page Returnboard in picture and text.

worth knowing, strange, records

  • a hard struck shot can become fast up to 180 km/h. The ball affects the racquet only 1/1000 second and deforms thereby over up to 20 per cent.
  • With an optimally begun to cut Topspin the ball turns 50 times per second around the own axle. This results in, projected, 3000 revolutions per minute.
  • With the world championship in Prague 1936 Ehrlich (Poland) and Paneth (Romania) “fought” to 2 hours and 12 minutes for only one point. In the same tournament the meeting between Haguenauer (France) and gold mountain (Romania) became after 7,5 hours with the conditions of 5:3 in 5. Sentence by the tournament line broken off.
  • The longest ball change in table tennis history took 8 hours and 33 minutes. 30 created these to. July 1978 in Stamford (the USA) the players Robert Stiegel and Donald Peter.
  • The world record in the continuous table tennis is more than 31 hours.
  • Denied the longest single match the two bathe Württemberger Uwe violonist and Thomas Opiol of 14. to 21. April 1985.
  • The longest double played with 102 hours Roland noticing flax, peoples Fernath, Hilmar Küttner and Helmut Hanus from Stuttgart of 23. to 27. May 1980.
  • 170 ball changes within one minute created with the international British championships to 28. February 1986 in Newcastle Allan Cooke and the moon Douglas (both GB). Those are nearly three ball changes per second.
    This was exceeded to 7. February 1993 in Great Britain von Jackie Bellinger and Lisa Lomas, which hold the past record with 173 ball changes.
  • The longest crew play was delivered 1936 in Prague. The final around the Swaythling Cup between Austria and Romania began 15 on Sunday, that. March (11 o'clock) and ended on the following Wednesday.
  • The largest cyclic testing found to 27. April 2000 in Bremen parallel to the European championship instead of. At 40 tables 245 hobby players played 61 minutes long. This action arrived in the Guinness book of the records.
  • A professional player loses weight per match day during a tournament up to seven Pound. During a sentence (with 11 points) it uses for instance the double energy of a Leichtathleten, which runs 100 meters in 10.2 seconds.
  • Schmetterbälle were in former times forbidden, because of the danger of injury for the opponent.
  • Fred Perry became 1929 table tennis world champions. Later it transferred to tennis and became known by its victories in the Wimbledon.
  • Ann Haydon Jones, which lost 1957 all three WM-final games in the single, double and Mixed in the fifth sentence, stood starting from 1960 twelve years in the Top Ten in the tennis and won Wimbledon.
  • Also today particularly so-called “hard board tournaments” in the USA, in addition, again in Germany, (English still find: hardasked), with which only racquets with burl rubber without sponge are permitted. A legendary hard asking champion was Marty Reisman, who belonged still with 67 years to the absolute world class.
  • As summer and outside variant the bacon board play developed into the 1930er-Jahren.
  • 1999 appeared to Harvest/EMI Electrola in Cologne on the disk label the first instrument valley music piece, which covered a Pingpongball, which flies in the Stereokanal back and forth. “Pingpong” of the electronic music duo Computerjockeys was in the year 2000 world-wide a Independent Clubhit and the pertinent music video won different music video prices and. A. the public price at the short film days upper living.

literature

  • Jürgen Schmicker: The large book by the table tennis, ISBN 3-9807311-0-3
  • Manfred shepherd, Winfried stick man, Norbert wolf and other one: A play for the life - 75 years German table tennis federation, 228 sides, ISBN 3-00-005890-7
  • refuge Biese: Fallen in love with a small ball, AGON Sportverlag
  • Glenn Östh, Jens Fellke: How does one become the number 1 in the table tennis? - Secret of Swedish world champions, 167 sides, ISBN 3-89124-158-5
  • Matthias's sour: Table tennis for coaches; The table tennis training book for successful youth work, PINGS publishing house, Hanau; ISBN: 3-927811-01-7

see also

Wiktionary: Table tennis - word origin, synonyms and translations

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