Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (* 7. March 1850 in Hodonín /G öding; † 14. September 1937 in Lány) was founder and first president of Czechoslovakia.

Masaryk originated from simple conditions (he was son of a slowakischen Kutschers and a German),however first the German High School in Brünn could visit, later a High School in Vienna and studied thereafter from 1872 - 1876 philosophy in Vienna (among other things with Franz Brentano) and Leipzig (among other things with William Wundt). it attained a doctorate to 1876, 1878 habilitierte itself it with oneWriting over the Suizid. 1879 he became lecturer in Vienna, 1882 more extraordinarily and 1897 tidy professor in Prague.

1886 it became at one blow a broader public admits, than it itself into the controversy over two allegedly from the Middle Ages coming, in reality howeverat the beginning 19. Century switched falsified handwriting on. In the magazine Athenäum he let the opponents of the authenticity of the Königinhofer and Grünberger handwriting come to word and held the vehement opinion that a modern nation was not to appoint itself on an invented past.

1887 wentit also into the policy and created a group under the name the materialists. 1891 he was selected for the young Czechs in such a way specified into the realm advice, withdrew however because of diversities of opinion with this party 1893 again. 1900 it created the realistic party, forwhich it sat 1900 1914 in the realm advice.

After outbreak of the First World War it left Böhmen and went into the exile to France. There and in other Western European countries he publicised the establishment of a common state in co-operation with the Czech and the slowakischen emigration after end of war.

Wachsfigur T. G. Masaryks in the Prager Wachsfigurenkabinett

starting from May 1917 was it in Russia, where it organized the Czechoslovakian putting ions in such a way specified, starting from March 1918 was it in the USA, where it at the end of of May 1918 with the slowakischen emigration the Pittsburgher contract over thoseEstablishment of Czechoslovakia negotiated.

To 14. November 1918 he was selected from the Czechoslovakian national assembly to the president, to 21. December 1918 it returned to Czechoslovakia. It was red-elect altogether three times (1920, 1927 and 1934) and was up to its deaththe dominating personality of the new state. After its resignation to 14. December 1935 followed it EDP pool of broadcasting corporations Beneš .

As an advocate of a liberal and a democratic human Masaryk enjoyed generally speaking country large popularity. In the nationality conflicts of the thirties it represented a moderate direction, could but the radicalization of the German and slowakischen minorities do not prevent. With regard to foreign policy it leaned against England and France.

Masaryk was married with the American Charlotte Garrigue, among its children was the painter harsh ore Masaryk and the diplomat and politician January Masaryk.

The 1915created university in Brno (Brünn) carries its names. In addition it was considerably involved in the establishment of the School OF Slavonic and East European Studies, a part of the Londoner university.

literature

  • Dr. Dalibor Truhlar: “Thomas's G. Masaryk - philosophy of the democracy ". PeterLong, Frankfurt/Main, 1994
  • Milan Machovec: Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. Graz 1969.
  • Karel Čapek: Discussions with Masaryk. Over. v. C. Hoffmann, Sachon publishing house, Mindelheim affected
1990 [work on

]

| | * Literature of and over Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in the catalog of the DDB

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