Clay/tone (music)

sine function

of tones are the basic elements of the music. With the term clay/tone is designated the single tone. From it to distinguish is the sound, which consists of several tones, and which noise, which consists of a sound surface.

Basis of all tones is by oneFrequency defined pure tone exactly (not to confound with the primary clay/tone). An instrument valley clay/tone, approximately of a violin, is however already a complicated mixture of (played and ringing out) the basic clay/tone and several overtones ringing out at the same time, their volume itself besides during playing a clay/tonechanged. The volume of the individual overtones and their time performance are among other things responsible for the characteristic sound of an instrument. Also the voice is in the regard an instrument; a sung clay/tone consists likewise of the basic clay/tone and several overtones. Formanten so mentioned determines inthe voice the colouring of the clay/tone.

The following parameters can be described at a clay/tone:

  • the pitch can be expressed on the one hand as frequency in Hertz (oscillations per second), on the other hand in clay/tone designations with pertinent indication of the Oktavstreifens; see also to scale
  • the volume or Tonstärke is physicalwhen amplitude (amplitude of the sound pressure) becomes
  • to describe the tone quality by the weighting of partial tones and overtones, which along-swing with the actual clay/tone, determines, as well as of their temporal behavior.

One calls the distance of two tones interval, several tones ringing out at the same timeform a chord or a cluster.

One plots tones in writing by its clay/tone names together with Oktavstreifen, as notes.

The clay/tone sound term
acoustics Music
pure tone, clay/tone, pure clay/tone,
simple clay/tone
sound, simple sound,
harmonious sound
Klanggemisch, multiple sound,

historythe abendländischen clay/tone system

since that 10. One used century for the designation of the seven naturals of the abendländischen clay/tone system the first seven letters of latin of alphabet:

A, b, C, D, e, f, g

the clay/tone b split later into two partial tones, a higher (b quadratum,angular b) and a deeper (b rotundum, round b). B quadratum was transferred later because of its similarity with the letter h in these. With A as basic clay/tone the kind of clay/tone A-Moll results, with C as basic clay/tone the kind of clay/tone C major. There C major the today most usual scaleis, we know the naturals in the order today in German:

C, D, e, f, g, A, h

in English is called against it the note h today still b, while the note b is flat called b there . See in addition also anderssprachige clay/tone designations.


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