Tonika (frz. tonique; tonisch too griech. tonos = tension) is the name for the basic clay/tone of a scale as well as the triad on this first stage.

The name Tonika goes on from Jean Philippe the Rameau (1683 - 1764)devised term “l'acord tonique” back, with which this seeks to describe the substantial characteristic of the Tonika, i.e. their ability to be located like a magnet in the center of all harmonious areas of conflict because their basic clay/tone is identical to the basic clay/tone of the respective kind of clay/tone.

At the latest since introduction of the function theory the term Tonika is a firmly outlined size, also and straight under the aspect, in the context of a cadence a point of reference to the two dominant factors (dominant factor, Subdominante) and to other leader-own chords tooform. The Tonika generally stands at the beginning and at the conclusion of a piece of music, it can - contrary to the dominant factors - not by auxiliary tones be extended and by being omitted tones be shortened only very rarely (“incomplete Tonika”).

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Wiktionary: Tonika - word origin, synonyms and translations

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